The Hindu Vocabulary 16 August 2022

2022-08-16

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 16 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘The power of words: On the assault on Salman Rushdie.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Assault

Verb

To make an attack.

(हमला करना/ आक्रमण करना/ धावा करना/ धर्षण करना)

Abuse, Invade, Violate, Shoot down, Rape, Jump, Avance, Assail

Decrease, Praise, Retreat

He was assaulted by the manager in front of his colleagues.

Noun

A sudden violent attack.

(धावा/ वार/ चढ़ाई/ धर्षण)

Aggression, Onslaught, Rape, Strike, Charge, Incursion, Invasion, Offensive

Retreat

The assault on the editor was an attack on freedom of speech.

Extremism

Noun

The quality or state of being extreme

(उग्रवाद)

Bigotry, Hatred, Intolerance, Faction

Apathy, Calmness, Dislike, Impartiality

No form of extremism is good for the country’s internal security.

Extraterritorial

Adjective

existing or taking place outside the territorial limits of a jurisdiction

(राज्यक्षेत्रातीत)

Outer, Extrinsic, Foreign, Outermost, Outlying

Central, Interior

The extraterritorial laws are handled by multiple governments.

Edict

Noun

An official order or proclamation issued by a person in authority.

(अध्यादेश)

Order, Pronouncement, Decree, Directive, Judgment, Mandate, Statute, Proclamation, Regulation

Request

Some of the rock edicts of the Ashoka are related to Dhamma.

Stab

Verb

(of a person) thrust a knife or other pointed weapon into (someone) so as to wound or kill.

(छूरा भोंकना)

Hurt, Injure, Jab, Punch, Stick, Wound, Chop

Aid, Assist, Cure, Help, Heal

The child was stabbed multiple times by the accused.

Ventilator

Noun

an appliance for artificial respiration (Medicine)

(कृत्रिम श्वसन के लिए एक उपकरण)

an appliance or aperture for ventilating a room or other space.

(पंखा)

Vent, Chimney, Duct, Pipe, Drain, Fan

Closing, Closure, Solid, Door

My grandmother remained on a ventilator for two days.

Burnish

Verb

To make shiny by rubbing.

(पॉलिश करना)

Buff, Furbish, Glance, Shine

Dull, Tarnish

The jeweler burnished the jewelry to make it shiny.

Noun

Gloss and brightness of a surface.

(सतह की चमक)

Gloss, Luminance, Luster, Polish

-

The floor in my drawing hall has a brilliant burnish.

Intellect

Noun

The faculty of reasoning and understanding objectively, especially with regard to abstract or academic matters.

(बुद्धि)

Ability, Acumen, Genius, Intelligence, Intuition, Savvy, Judgment

Ignorance, Stupidity, Inability, Ineptness, Disbelief, Mistake

My partner is a man of great intellect.

Dissent

Noun

the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.

(मतभेद)

Disagreement, Argument, Dispute, Demur, Objection, Protest

Agreement, Acceptance, Accord, Concurrence, Consensus, Accordance

The writer wrote about the right to dissent in his novel.

Incisive

Adjective


(of a person or mental process) intelligently analytical and clear-thinking.

(प्रभावशाली प्रत्यक्ष और निर्णायक)

Concise, Penetrating, Piercing, Trenchment, Acute

Weak, Incompetent, Gentle, Kind, Nice

My friend is an incisive critic.

Nom de guerre

Noun

Pretend name

(कल्पित नाम)

Alias, Anonym, Assumed name, False name, Pseudonym

-

Sheryl gave herself different Noms de Guerre like “Superwoman” on social media.

Dispense with

Verb

Do away with or Omit

(छोड़ देना)

Abolish, Dispose of, Disregard, Ignore, Relinquish, Waive, Forgo

Continue, Hold, Keep, Regard, Note

My parents had to dispense with many luxuries to educate us.

Agitate

Verb

make (someone) troubled or nervous.

(उत्तेजित करना)

Alarm, Distract, Confuse, Incite, Inflame, Perturb, Arouse

Appease, Calm, Clarify, Order, Comfort, Discourage, Explain

He was punished for agitating people during the protest.

Acutely

Adverb

(with reference to something unpleasant or unwelcome) intensely.

 

(तीव्रता से)

in a way that shows a perceptive understanding or insight.

(एक तरह से जो एक बोधगम्य समझ या अंतर्दृष्टि को दर्शाता है)

Keenly, Severly, Suddenly,

-

Mala was acutely aware of the risks involved in her surgery.

Bigotry

Noun

stubborn and complete intolerance.

(कट्टरता)

Bias, Discrimination, Prejudice, Racism

Fairness, Impartiality, Tolerance, Bear

Some people have the courage to stand up against bigotry.

Hubris

Noun

Excessive pride or self-confidence.

(अभिमान)

 

Arrogance, Conceit, Pride, Vanity, Pomposity, Cockiness, Pretension

Humility, Modesty, Respect, Timidity

Sometimes it is necessary to maintain hubris so that you can take tough decisions.

Feisty

Adjective


A person who is relatively small or weak, lively, determined, and courageous.

(सामंत)

Touchy, Bubbly, Excitable, Fiery, Gusty Lively, Active

Cowardly, Fearful, Dull, Flat, Timid

My younger brother got a bit feisty and engaged with me in a fight.

Defiant

Adjective

Showing defiance or resistance

(विद्रोही)

Noncooperative, Uncooperative, Insurgent, Mutinous, Adamant, Resistant, Obstinate

Acquiescent, Agreeable, Amiable, Cooperative

The child was in a defiant mood and refused to eat.

Intact

Adjective

Untouched by anything that harms.

(बरकरार/ पूर्ण)

Comprehensive, Entire, Full, Perfect, Total, Flawless, Unblemished, Unbroken

Imperfect, Incomplete, Flawed

The thesis will remain intact in the library for future reference.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?