The Hindu Vocabulary 14 August 2022

2022-08-14

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 14 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘No holds barred: On the Chinese hurdle to designate terrorists.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Designate

Verb

Appoint (someone) to a specified position.

(निर्वाचन करना)

Name, Label, Nominate, Baptize, Call, Title, Allocate, Allot, Appoint

-

The assembly passed the resolution to designate the organisation as a terrorist organisation.

Adjective

Appointed to an office or position but not yet installed

(नामित)

-

-

He was appointed CII President-designate.

Proposal

Noun

Presentation for action

(प्रस्ताव)

Bid, Idea, Motion, Offer, Outline, Overture, Proposition, Scheme

Condemnation, Refusal

The government accepted the proposal of the Ministry regarding the metro rail line.

Swung

(Past participle of Swing)

Verb

Move or cause to move back and forth or from side to side while suspended or on an axis.


shift or cause to shift from one opinion, mood, or state of affairs to another.

(झूलना/ डोलना)

Sway, Oscillate, Wave, Dangle, Rock, Flutter, Vibrate, Flourish, Rotate, Turn

Stay, Straighten, Remain, Stabilize, Be still

The officer’s opinion swung in the favour of the actor.

Fragile

Adjective

Easily broken or damaged.

(नाज़ुक)

Delicate, Feeble, Brittle, Weak, Frail

Firm, Strong, Tough, Stiff

The fragile old lady was admitted to the hospital after she fainted.

Amass

Verb

Gather together or accumulate (a large amount or number of valuable material or things) over a period of time.

(संग्रह करना)

Assemble, Accumulate, Collect, Compile, Garner, Hoard, Stockpile

Disperse, Divide, Scatter, Separate, Disburse

She is not good at amassing knowledge.

Transgression

Noun

An act of violating a law.

(उल्लंघन)

Offense, Crime, Sin, Wrong, Breach, Crime, Error, Fault

Obedience, Perfection, Submission, Goodness, Virtue, Behaviour, Kindness, Noncrime

The transgression of traffic rules will not be accepted.

Sparred

Verb

To strike or fight

(तू-तू मैं-मैं करना)

Argue, Bicker, Contend, Quarrel, Wrangle, Contest, Dispute

Agree, Give in

The two boys sparred over the new basketball.

Suspicion

Noun

Cautious distrust

(संदेह)

Misgiving, Doubt, Wariness, Qualm, Reservation

Confidence, Sure, Certainty, Conviction, Reliability

The police arrested him based on suspicion.

Deficit

Noun

Shortage of something required

(घाटा)

Loss, Shortfall, Arrears, Default, Deficiency, Dues

Abundance, Adequacy, Advantage, Enough, Plenty

The trade deficit of India with China has widened in 2021-22.

Perpetrate

Verb

To commit a harmful, illegal or immoral action.

(पाप करना)

Execute, Wreak, Carry out, Inflict

Leave, Abstain, Stop, Neglect

Shaun perpetrated a kidnapping of a child living in his society.

Insensitive

Adjective

showing or feeling no concern for others' feelings/ Numb

(असंवेद्य)

Heartless, Unfeeling, Inconsiderate, Thoughtless, Cruel, Indifferent to

Aware, Caring, Concerned, Feeling, Mindful, Responsive, Sensate, Touched

He was insensitive to the treatment given to him for cancer.

Dastardly

Adjective

Wicked and Cruel

(डरपोक)

Contemptible, Cowardly, Despicable, Underhanded, Vile

Honorable, Respectable, Worthy

His move was a dastardly attack on the secretary.

Tarmac

Noun

material used for surfacing roads or other outdoor areas, consisting of crushed rock mixed with tar.

(डामर)

-

-

The tarmac path will be available soon for bicyclers.

Convicted

Verb

To prove to be guilty.

To convince of errors or crime.

(अपराधी घोषित करना/ दोष सिद्ध करना/ सिद्धदोष ठहराना/ दोषी ठहराना)

Condemn, Imprison, Sentence, Adjudge

Free, Exonerate, Liberate, Release, Absolve, Acquit, Clear, Exculpate

Raveesh and Rajesh were convicted for murder.

Preserve

Noun

Something regarded as reserved for someone.

(परिरक्षित वस्तु)

-

-

The natural preserves for the food are better than artificial ones.

Verb

To protect from injury or destruction.

To keep from decomposition.

(रक्षा करना)

Conserve, Defend, Freeze, Keep, Perpetuate, Protect, Protect, Retain

Abandon, Attack, Endanger, Injure, Halt, Lose

ASI preserved the fossils found at the Harappan site.

Garner

Verb

Gather or collect.

(संचित करना)

Amass, Pick up, Reap, Assemble, Harvest, Stockpile, Hoard

Disperse, Distribute, Separate, Squander, Waste, Dissipate

We garnered all our stuff from the garden and left.

Leverage

Noun

Use (something) to maximum advantage.

(लाभ लें)

Advantage, Clout, Weight, Authority

Weaknesses

The local MLA is trying to gain more political leverage.

Accomplish

Verb

To bring to a conclusion.

To complete.

To bring about a result by effort.

To succeed in reaching a stage.

(पूरा करना/ साधना/ सिद्ध करना/ साधन करना)

Achieve, Attain, Bring about, Carry out, Conclude, Do, Finish, Manage, Perform, Realize, Score, Take care of, Win

Begin, Commence, Destroy, Fail, Introduce, Leave, Lose, Miss, Neglect, Forfeit

He accomplished what he thought for.

Avenues

Noun

Path/ a channel for pursuing the desired object

(मार्ग)

Boulevard, Entrance, Outlet, Pathway

Egress, Refusal

We are working on new avenues of communication.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?