The Hindu Vocabulary 13 August 2022

2022-08-13

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 13 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Never-ending fight: On free speech vs religious and caste groups.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Threat

Noun

A statement of an intention to inflict pain, injury, damage, or other hostile action on someone in retribution for something done or not done.

a person or thing likely to cause damage or danger.

(धमकी/ख़तरा)

Blackmail, Hazard, Intimidation, Menace, Peril, Risk, Fix

Certainty, Safety, Surety

Climate change is the biggest threat to the ecosystem.

Quash

Verb

To suppress or extinguish completely.

To make void or null.

(मिटा देना/ दबाना)

Crush, Quell, Repress, Squash, Annul, Invalidate

Compliment, Encourage, Praise, Release, Allow, Approve

The high court quashed the order given by the lower court.

Spare

Adjective

additional to what is required for ordinary use.

(अतिरिक्त)

Extra, Reserve, Unused, Unoccupied, Backup, Emergency, Option

 

Do you have spare keys for this closet?

 

Verb

give (something of which one has enough) to (someone)

to forbear to destroy, punish, or harm

(मुक्त करना)

Scant, Skimpy, Meager, Stint

 

Mr. Browne did not spare a chance to hurt me.

Ordeal

Noun

A severe trial or experience

(परख)

Agony, Anguish, Calamity, Difficulty, Nightmare, Torment, Torture, Trial

Comfort, Joy, Peace, Health, Happiness, Pleasure

The abrupt changes in the train schedule can turn into an ordeal.

Vexatious

Adjective

intended to harass

full of disorder or stress

(कष्टकर)

Distressing, Bothersome, Aggravating, Annoying, Burdensome, Disagreeable, Mean

Aiding, Assisting, Helpful, Pleasing

Shivi had to face vexatious proceedings against her.

Allegedly

Adverb

According to what has been claimed without proof.

(कथित तौर पर)

Purportedly, Avowedly, Assertedly, Supposedly

-

He allegedly insulted me before everyone at the party.

Acclaimed

Adjective

Praised

(प्रशंसित)

Renowned, Extolled, Cheered, Lauded, Hailed

-

The acclaimed author was attacked by an unknown person.

Deliberate

Adjective

Done consciously and intentionally

(विचारपूर्वक)

Intentional, Careful, Cautious, Cold-blooded, Conscious, Premeditated

Careless, Heedless, Ignorant, Thoughtless, Imprudent, Unmindful

He was punished for his deliberate attempt to provoke conflict between the two communities.

Verb

Engage in long and careful consideration.

(विचार करना)

Consider, Consult, Contemplate, Mull over, Ponder, Reflect, Argue

Discard, Disregard, Forget, Ignore, Neglect, Abstain

The professor deliberated over my thesis.

Malicious

Adjective

Intending or intended to do harm.

(दुर्भावनापूर्ण)

Spiteful, Malevolent, Hostile, Bitter, Poisonous, Malign, Evil, Vindictive, Pernicious, Wicked

Aiding, Assisting, Decent, Forgiving, Friendly, Gentle, Harmless, Kind, Moral, Loving, Pleasant

The helper with malicious intention entered the house and stole the money.

Outrage

Verb

 

Incense, Infuriate, Insult, Scandalize, Shock, Affront, Aggrieve

 

Some of the political leaders try to outrage religious feelings.

Noun

An intense feeling of anger and shock.

(क्रोध और आघात की तीव्र भावना)

Vexation, Annoyance, Irritation, Irritability, Rage

Peace, Calm, Settled, Pleasure

The teacher’s outrage at the students due to personal reasons is not right.

Complaint

Noun


A statement that a situation is unsatisfactory or unacceptable.

(शिकायत)

Accusation, Charge, Criticism, Grievance, Gripe, Objection,

Acceptance, Approval, Praise, Happiness, Pleasure, Flattery

He filed an official complaint against his brother.

Disclose

Verb


Make (secret or new information) known.

(खुलासा)

Reveal, Unfold, Divulge, Tell, Impart, Communicate, Publish, Pass on

Hide, Conceal, Cover, Disavow, Refuse, Secrete, Suppress

He disclosed the deal signed between his company and ONGC.

Cognizable

Adjective

perceptible; clearly identifiable.

(सुस्पष्ट)

Detectable, Recognizable, Perceptible, Observable

Ambiguous, Invisible, Vague, Unnoticed

Murder is a cognizable offence.

Perceive

Verb

Become aware or conscious of (something); come to realize or understand.

(समझना)

Discern, Recognize, Distinguish, Find, Identify

Disbelieve, Disregard, Ignore, Misunderstand, Neglect, Overlook

He could not perceive the importance of this opportunity.

Perfunctory

Adjective

(of an action or gesture) carried out with a minimum of effort or reflection.

(असावधान)

Cursory, Desultory, Quick, Brief, Hasty, Rapid

Careful, Detailed, Complete, Thorough

The company gave a perfunctory nod to the newly developed product.

Conflate

Verb

combine (two or more texts, ideas, etc.) into one.

(मिलाना)

Confound, Confuse, Mix up, Mistake

Difference, Differentiate, Discriminate, Distinguish, Separate

People usually conflate gossip with real news.

Claim

Verb

State or assert that something is the case, typically without providing evidence or proof.

(दावा करना)

Allege, Ask, Assert, Take, Believe, Challenge, Collect

Abandon, Answer, Deny, Desert, Disbelieve, Forsake, Give, Quit

The community claimed that the land belonged to them.

Noun

an assertion of the truth of something, typically one that is disputed or in doubt.

(दावा)

Allegation, Application, Assertion, Call, Suit, Case, Demand, Interest, Petition

Answer, Reply, Denial, Honesty, Truth

The municipality’s claim for the property is baseless.

Contention

Noun

heated disagreement.

(विवाद)

Disagreement, Dispute, Disputation, Argument, Variance, Discord

Agreement, Accord, Concurrence, Consensus

The continuous contention between the actor and the director ruined the film.

Prosecution

Noun

The act of prosecuting.

The party by which criminal proceedings are conducted.

The following up of something begun, to its completion.

(अभियोग पक्ष/ अभियोजन/ अभियोग)

Pursuit, Accomplishment, Execution, Achievement, Pursuance, Performance, Implementation, Perpetration, Commission

Defeat, Failure, Neglect, Nonfulfillment, Non-performance

I didn't have enough money to embark on private prosecution.

Intervene

Verb

To interfere.

(हस्तक्षेप करना)

Intercede, Cut in, Mediate, Arbitrate

Ignore, Spurn, Avoid, Disregard

The coach had to intervene to admit one of his best players to the final list.

Infringe

Verb

Trespass

(अतिचार)

Encroach, Impinge, Intrude, Affect, Invade, Breach, Contravene, Offend, Violate

Leave alone, Avoid, Dodge, Obey, Follow, Comply with

He infringed my right to life and liberty.

Credence

Noun

Belief as to the truth of something

(प्रत्यय)

Admission, Assurance, Belief, Certainty

Denial, Disbelief, Doubt, Distrust

The manager gave credence to what Harsh proposed for the new project.

Disruption

Noun

The act of disrupting something.

The forcible separation into parts.

(विघटन/ भंग/ विच्छेद/ विदारण/ दुर्घटना/ दरार)

Interruption, Separation, Splitting, Severance, Break, Confusion, Disturbance, Agitation, Disorder

Calm, Order, System, Organization, Method

The unprecedented violence has caused disruption of law and order.

Clamp down

Verb

suppress or prevent something in an oppressive or harsh manner.

(शिकंजा कसना)

Suppress, Prevent, Stop, Restrain, Restrict, Control

Loose, Free, Unfasten, Untie, Unfix, Let go

The police clamped down the traffic rule abaters.

Anew

Adjective

in a new or different and typically more positive way.

(नये सिरे से)

Again, Fresh, Restart, Begin, Afresh, Over again

-

Our company decided to start anew by establishing another company.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?