The Hindu Vocabulary 12 August 2022

2022-08-12

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 12 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Just in case: On courts and the tenability of the Bhima Koregaon case.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Tenability

Noun

The quality of being plausible or acceptable to a reasonable person.

(स्थायित्व)

Credibility, Believability, Validity, Soundness, Prospect

Improbability, Unlikelihood, Unreasonableness

The professor questioned the tenability of my hypothesis.

Relief

Noun

A means that relieves pain or distress.

(राहत)

Cheer, Comfort, Consolation, Solace, Alleviation, Happiness

Hindrance, Hurt, Injury, Stop

I had a sigh of relief when he sat next to me.

Arraign

Verb

Call or bring someone before a court to answer a criminal charge

(दोषारोपण)

Incriminate, Indict, Summon, Blame, Charge, Inculpate

Exculpate, Exonerate, Discharge, Free

Mr. Malhotra was arraigned for hitting a person sleeping on the footpath.

Controversial

Adjective

Arousing controversy.

Subject to debatable.

Given to controversy.

(विवादित/ विवादास्पद)

Contentious, Disputed, Dubious, Questionable

Certain, Definite, Sure

The controversial movie was removed from the OTT platforms.

Arguments

Noun

The act of discussing.

An angry quarrel.

A reason given for a matter under discussion.

The subject matter especially of a literary work.

A statement in favour or against a point.

(बहस/ वितर्क/ युक्ति/ उपपत्ति)

Altercation, Bickering, Brawl, Clash, Controversy, Debate, Finisher, Flap, Disagreement, Assertation, Case, Claim, Contention, Debate

Agreement, Peace, Harmony, Calm

He gave his closing arguments on the case.

Overthrow

Verb

Remove forcibly from power

(उखाड़ फेंकना)

Destroy, Conquer, Crush, Depose, Eradicate, Oust, Subvert, Topple

Establish, Fail, Institute, Lose, Release, Retreat

He tried to overthrow his brother from the throne.

Octogenarian

Noun

A person who is from 80 to 89 years old.

(अस्सी साल के वृद्ध)

-

-

My grandmother is octogenarian.

Petition

Noun

a formal written request, typically one signed by many people, appealing to authority with respect to a particular cause.

(याचिका)

Appeal, Plea, Application, Prayer, Request, Suit

-

Rajeev’s bail petition was rejected by the district court.

Verb

make or present a formal request to (an authority) with respect to a particular cause.

(किसी विशेष कारण के संबंध में (किसी प्राधिकारी) को औपचारिक अनुरोध करना या प्रस्तुत करना)

Ask, Beg, Beseech, Call upon, Implore, Seek, Sue, Urge

Answer, Give, Reply

The husband and wife jointly petition for divorce in court.

Custody

Noun

The protective care or guardianship of someone or something.

Confinement

(निगरानी/ हिरासत)

Care, Guardianship, Charge, Wardship, Responsibility, Tutelage, Protection

Arrest, Detention, Jail, Imprisonment, Incarceration

Freedom, Liberation, Liberty

He was granted his child custody for a limited duration.

My brother remained in custody for two days.

Albeit

Conjunction

Even though

(हालांकि)

Although, Even if, Notwithstanding, Even though

-

He opposed my candidature for the MLA election, albeit he is my friend.

Interim

Adjective

Belonging to a temporary period.

(अन्तरिम का)

Provisional, Stopgap, Acting, Caretaker, Makeshift

Finished, Permanent, Continual, Permanent

The interim government in South Sudan will continue to rule for two more years.

Noun

An intervening time.

A temporary or provisional arrangement.

An intervening time.

(अन्तरिम)

Meantime, Breach, Break, Breather, Hiatus, Downtime, Gap

Continuation, Continuity, Permanence

He was working for another company in the interim.

Demonstrate

Verb

clearly show the existence or truth of (something) by giving proof or evidence.


Give a practical exhibition and explanation of (how a machine, skill, or craft works or is performed).

 

Make public protest

(प्रदर्शन करना)

Determine, Establish, Exhibit, Expose, Indicate, Manifest, Prove, Test, Validate, Illustrate, Object, Protest, March

Conceal, Confuse, Distort, Hide, Falsify, Cover, Disprove

The teacher demonstrated the working principle of a generator.

Allegations

Noun

An assertion made with little or no proof.

(आरोप)

Accusation, Charge, Claim, Plea

Exculpation, Denial

He made allegations of corruption against me.

Prima Facie

Noun

based on the first impression; accepted as correct until proved otherwise.

(प्रथम दृष्ट्या)

-

-

The employee reported a prima facie case of sexual harassment at the workplace.

Onerous

Adjective

Something that is being disliked because it is difficult or unpleasant.

Involving a burden.

Having legal obligations that outweigh the advantages.

(कष्टदायक/ भारी/ दुर्वह/ दुर्भर)

Arduous, Backbreaking, Burdensome, Cumbersome, Difficult, Severe, Strenuous, Troublesome, Weighty, Austere, Crushing, Embittering

Calm, Easy, Effortless, Facile, Friendly, Gentle, Helpful, Mild

The onerous legacy was carried forward by me.

Prosecution

Noun

The act of prosecuting.

The party by which criminal proceedings are conducted.

The following up of something begun, to its completion.

(अभियोग पक्ष/ अभियोजन/ अभियोग)

Pursuit, Accomplishment, Execution, Achievement, Pursuance, Performance, Implementation, Perpetration, Commission

Defeat, Failure, Neglect, Nonfulfillment, Non-performance

The prosecution presented all false evidence but could not win the case.

Commemorative

Adjective

Acting as a memorial or mark of an event or person.

(स्मरणीय)

Celebratory, Memorial, Dedicatory, In memory, Observing

Dishonoring, Forgetful, Neglecting

We participated in the commemorative event organised on the birth anniversary of Dr. Ambedkar.

Spyware

Noun

Software that enables a user to obtain covert information about another's computer activities by transmitting data covertly from their hard drive.

(स्पाइवेयर)

-

-

Spyware is a huge threat to global human rights and democracy.

Implicate

Verb

show (someone) to be involved in a crime

(फंसाना)


convey (a meaning or intention) indirectly through what one says, rather than stating it explicitly

(संकेत करना)

Incriminate, Compromise, Involve, Connect, Embroil, Expose, Imply, Suggest, Hint, Intimate, Indicate, Insinuate

Exclude, Exclupate, Exonerate, Praise, Conceal, Dissociate, Separate, Neglect

Mr. Park implicated that the doctor took one of his kidneys.

Fabricate

Verb

Falsify/ Manufacture/ Make up a story

(निर्माण करना/ जालसाज़ी के रूप में करना)

Assemble, Concoct, Construct, Contrive, Dream up, Formulate, Invent

Demolish, Destroy, Divide, Ruin, Raze, Disarrange, Separate

The officer was accused of fabricating evidence against the victim.

Countenance

Verb

Admit as acceptable or possible.

(समर्थन करना)

 

Approve, Support, Accept, Advocate, Condone, Stand for, Endorse

Block, Censure, Criticize, Deny, Disagree, Dissuade, Hinder

The government did not countenance the use of force to end the protests outside the Parliament.

Deny

Verb

To refuse or agree to.

(अस्वीकार करना)

Contradict, Disaffirm, Negate, Refute, Ban, Contradict

Accept, Allow, Approve, Ratify, Credit, Help, Permit, Own

He was denied bail on health grounds though his condition was critical.

Prolonged

Verb

To lengthen out in time.

To extend the duration of something.

(बढ़ाना/ टालना)

Continue, Delay, Lengthen, Stretch, Perpetuate, Protract

Abbreviate, Expedite, Advance, Cease

We got fed up with the prolonged wait to get the ticket.

Incarceration

Noun

The state of being confined in prison; imprisonment

(क़ैद कर देना)

Captivity, Confinement, Restraint

Freedom

His prolonged incarceration has come to an end as he was granted bail.

 

Special Offer get 25% Off
Use Coupon code SUCCESS25

ibps po mains current affairs and financial awareness 2022 Rs.499/- Read More
current affairs and financial awareness from january august 2022 Rs.449/- Read More
half yearly current affairs 2022 book january july Rs.199/- Read More
current affairs and banking awareness 2022 combined Rs.398/- Read More

Share Blog


Current Affairs

Attempt Daily Current
Affairs Quiz

Attempt Quiz



Question Of The Day

Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?