The Hindu Vocabulary 11 August 2022

2022-08-11

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 11 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Uncle Volte-face: On Nitish Kumar.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Convince

Verb

Gain the confidence of

(विश्वास दिलाना)

Assure, Get, Persuade, Prompt, Prove

Discourage, Fail, Stop, Dissuade

I convinced my parents to go on a vacation to the Maldives.

Volte-face

Noun

a complete change in a plan of action, opinion or policy

(पक्ष परिवर्तन) 

U-turn, About-face, Contraposition, Turn about, Reversal

Aid, Assist, Calm, Comfort, Clean, Elevate, Improve, Laud

He made a political volte-face from Left to Right.

Sabotage

Noun

Lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.

destructive or obstructive action carried on by a civilian or enemy agent to hinder a nation's war effort.

(कमजोर/ एक राष्ट्र के युद्ध के प्रयास में बाधा डालने के लिए एक नागरिक या दुश्मन एजेंट द्वारा की गई विनाशकारी या अवरोधक कार्रवाई)

Subvert, Undermine, Threaten, Weaken, Compromise, Diminish, Disrupt, Hinder, Destroy, Vandalize

Enhance, Improve, Strengthen, Nourish, Build up, Create, Promote, Repair

The workers were held responsible for the sabotage of the machines at the plant.

Allegation

Noun

An assertion made with little or no proof.

(आरोप)

Accusation, Charge, Claim, Plea

Exculpation, Denial

He faced false allegations regarding sexual harassment at work place.

Cleverness

Noun

The quality of being clever; ingenuity or shrewdness.

(चतुराई)

Intelligence, Brilliance, Genius, Precocity, Talent, Ability, Competence, Proficiency

Never

I was amazed by the cleverness of her strategy to address the problem.

Manoeuvering

Verb

Move skillfully or carefully.

(पैंतरेबाज़ी)

Exploit, Manipulate, Navigate, Operate

Destroy, Neglect, Disorganize, Forget

The leader was manoeuvering him into betrayal of his community.

Trapeze

Noun

a gymnastic or acrobatic apparatus consisting of a short horizontal bar suspended by two parallel ropes

(कसरती झूला)

Aerobatics, Gym, Rings, Trampoline, Tumbling, Vaulting, Bars

-

We saw the girl performing tricks on the trapeze.

Embrace

Verb

Take into account

Hold (someone) closely in one's arms

(आलिंगन करना)

Accept, Adopt, Deal with, Receive, Admit, Embody, Grasp

Exclude, Free, Reject, Repudiate, Let go

My mother embraced me warmly on seeing me.

Noun

An act of holding someone closely in one's arms.

(आलिंगन)

Hug, cuddle, Squeeze, Hold, Clutch, Clinch, Nuzzle

-

I like her embrace of new ideas.

Bedfellows

Noun

a person or thing closely associated with another

(मित्र)

Abettor, Ally, Backer, Confederate, Fellow, Traveler, Supporter

Enemy, Opponent

RJD and JDU are bedfellows.

Trample

Verb

Tread on and crush

(उत्कृष्ट)

Crush, Encroach, Flatten, Hurt, Infringe, Override, Run over

Aid, Heal, Help, Observe, Assist, Obey

The people were trampled by elephants as a punishment during medieval times.

Mandate

Noun

A command from a higher authority to a lower one.

The power that voters give to their elected leader.

(जनादेश)

Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Empowerment

Breach, Break, Denial, Question

Nitish Kumar got the public mandate while he was in coalition with the BJP government.

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

We were mandated to come to the office on Sundays for a few months.

Opportunism

Noun

The taking of opportunities as and when they arise, regardless of planning or principle.

(अवसरवाद)

Advantage, Expedience, Exploitation, Timeliness

-

Mr. Modi was accused of political opportunism.

Clutch

Noun

a person's power or control, especially when regarded as inescapable.

(चंगुल)

Power, Control, Domination, Command, Mastery

Weak, Unstable, Unsteady, Rickety, Shaky

He remained under the clutch of his boss for long years.

Blatant

Adjective

(of bad behavior) done openly and unashamedly.

(ज़बरदस्त)

Conspicuous, Flagrant, Glaring, Outright

Concealed, Hidden, Moral, Secret

His remarks against the minister were blatant.

Sole

Adjective

Being the only one.

Being the only one of the kind.

Belonging exclusively to one usually specified individual.

(एकमात्र/ अकेला/ व्यक्तिगत/ वैयक्तिक)

Exclusive, Lone, One, Particular, One and only, Remaining, Ace

Combined, Common, General, Together, Ordinary, Together, United, Shared

I was the sole performer sitting in the waiting room.

Noun

The undersurface of a foot.

The flattened bottom part of something or the base on which something rests.

(तला/ तलवा/ पैर का तलवा/ जूते का तल्ला)

-

-

Sole of the new shoes got damaged too early.

Verb

To furnish with a sole.

(तला लगाना)

 

 

I asked the cobbler to sole my shoes.

Anti-Incumbency

Noun

Sentiment in favor of voting out incumbent politicians

(विरोधी लहर)

-

-

The anti-incumbency wave may affect the upcoming elections.

Coalition

Noun

An alliance for combined action, especially a temporary alliance of political parties forming a government or of states. (गठबंधन)

Alliance, Merger, Union, Partnership, Bloc

Detachment, Disconnection, Division, Separation

Most political parties prefer a coalition to prove the majority.

Foes

Noun

A person or force that opposes or attacks.

(शत्रु)

Antagonist, Attacker, Competitor, Enemy, Adversary

Ally, Backer, Friend, Helper, Helpmate, Assistant

Some of our group members joined the foe’s group.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?