The Hindu Vocabulary 10 August 2022

2022-08-10

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 10 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Space to learn | On the failure of ISRO’s maiden small satellite launch vehicle mission.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Maiden

Noun

A young unmarried girl.

(कन्या/ लड़की/ युवती वालिका)

Damsel, Girl, Maid, Miss

-

My grandmother told a story about a maiden and her father.

Adjective

Relating to an unmarried girl.

First.

(प्रथमअविवाहितानईशुद्ध)

Inaugural, Introductory, Beginning, First, Initial, Pioneer, Primary, Prime, Fresh

Final, Last, Concluding, Latest

The maiden issue of the newspaper was a hit.

Demoralise

Verb

To deprive a person of spirit or courage.

To throw a person into disorder or confusion.

(नैतिक करना/ नीतिभ्रष्ट करना/ चरित्र भ्रष्ट करना/ अनुशासन और उत्साह भंग करना) 

Cripple, Dampen, Daunt, Debilitate, Deject, Disconcert, Discourage, Dishearten, Disorganize, Bastardize, Bestialize

Aid, Assist, Calm, Comfort, Clean, Elevate, Improve, Laud

He demoralised my son for getting low marks.

Boom

Noun

A deep sound.

The resonant cry of a bird.

(धूम/ शोर/ कोलाहल)

Explosion, Bang, Barrage, Blare, Development, Expansion

Decline, Decrease, Diminishment, Failure, Lessening, Loss

There was a boom in the hall.

Verb

To make a deep sound.

To move with a great impetus.

To give forth with a booming sound.

(शोर मचाना/ धूम मचाना/ कोलाहल करना)

Explode, resound, Reverberate, Roar

Be silent

The sound of the drum was booming.

Trajectory

Noun

The path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces.

(प्रक्षेपवक्र)

-

-

The trajectory was followed by the rocket.

Malfunction

Noun

Breakdown

(खराबी)

Bug, Defect, Fault, Flaw, Glitch, Fault

Advantage, Perfection, Strength, Working

The plant is not functioning for the last five hours due to a machine malfunction.

Verb

(of a piece of equipment or machinery) fails to function normally or satisfactorily.

(संतोषजनक ढंग से कार्य करने में विफल) 

Crash, Go wrong, Break, Be defective

-

My refrigerator malfunctioned and resulted in an MCB trip.

Invariably

Adverb

On every occasion.

Always.

Without exception.

(बेबदलता से/ निरपवाद रूप से/ स्थिरता से/ अचलता से)

Always, Constantly, Customarily, Habitually, Regularly, Unfailingly

Never

You are invariably late to class.

Workhorse

Noun

A horse that is used for plowing, hauling or other heavy labour jobs.

A person who works tirelessly at a task.

(एक घोड़ा जो हल चलाने, ढोने या अन्य भारी श्रम कार्यों के लिए उपयोग किया जाता है ।/ एक व्यक्ति जो किसी कार्य में अथक परिश्रम करता है ।)

Factotum, Grind, Labourer, Menial

Idler, Lazy person

She is a real workhorse who is always good in eyes of management.

Overkill

Noun

An excess of what is required.

(अत्यधिक उपयोग)

Exuberance, Glut, Surplus, Waste

Insufficiency, Lack, Need, Want

The filmmakers are on the verge of a publicity overkill.

Propellant

Noun

A propelling agent.

A substance of fuel and oxidizer mixed together.

(फेंकने योग्य/ बढ़ाने वाला)

Aerosol Bomb, Aerosol Container, Ammunition, Bomb

-

The images of a rocket with a cloud formed behind by propellant look amazing.

Circumstance

Noun

A condition.

An inevitable condition.

(परिस्थिति/ स्थिति/ घटना/ हालत)

Hyperbole, Oratory, Address, Bombast

Quiet, Conciseness

The current circumstances are not permitting me to go on vacation.

Verb

To place in particular circumstances.

(विशेष परिस्थितियों में लगाने के लिए ।)

 

 

He has been circumstanced badly due to his economic loss.

Remarkable

Adjective

Worthy of attention

(उत्कृष्ट)

Exceptional, Important, Impressive, Miraculous, Momentous, Notable

Average, Bad, Common, Familiar, Normal, Ordinary

His findings are remarkable in the field of digital computing.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?