The Hindu Vocabulary 13 June 2023

2023-06-13

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 13 June 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Fall from grace: on the political trajectory of Boris Johnson.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Conservative

Adjective

Tending to maintain existing views.

Marked by moderation.

Cautiously Moderate.

Traditional in style.

(अनुदार/ रूढ़िवादी/ रूढ़ि-प्रिय)

Traditional, Cautious, Constant, Conventional, Firm, Reactionary, Right

Incautious, Changeable, Unfixed, Inconstant, Progressive, Liberal

The new law was opposed by the public and they termed it as conservative law.

Noun

One who is adherent to political conservatism.

One who adheres to traditional methods.

(अपरिवर्तनवादी/ अनुदारपंथी/ रूढ़िवादी व्यक्ति/ दकियानुसी)

Right-winger, Traditionalist, Tory, Classicist, Rightist, Conserver, Preserver

Left-winger, Progressive, Radical, Liberal

He is a famous leader among conservatives.

Mislead

Verb

To cause (someone) to have a wrong idea or impression.

(गुमराह)

Betray, Cheat, Deceive, Fool, Trick, Misinform, Delude, Misguide, Tease, Hoodwink

Undeceive, Reveal, Expose, Correct, Right, True, Unmask, Debunk

Some flowers’ fragrances can mislead you to believe that they are harmless.

 Impose

Verb

To force (an unwelcome decision or ruling) on someone.

(अधिरोपित)

Enforce, Establish, Levy, Charge, Put, Penalize, Reimpose, Coerce, Compel

Diminish, Lessen, Remit, Abate, Ignore, Forgive, Release

The State government has imposed a fine for receiving calls while driving.

 Apparently

Adverb

As far as one knows or can see.

(प्रत्यक्ष स्पष्ट रूप से)

Seemingly, Supposedly, Evidently, Ostensibly, Presumably, Probably, Likely, Obviously

Incredibly, Impossibly, improbably, Implausibly

Apparently, the family didn’t know the guest.

Hyperbole

Noun

Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.

(अतिशयोक्ति)

 

Exaggeration, Caricature, Overstatement, Stretching, Enhancement, Magnification, Elaboration

Understatement, Meiosis, Disparagement, Belittlement, Minimizing

The hyperbole statements make him feel more happy about himself.

Chaotic

Adjective

In a state of complete confusion and disorder.

(अराजकतापूर्ण)

Anarchic, Disorganized, Turbulent, Messy, Cluttered, Jumbled, Confused, Littered

Ordered, Neat, System, Plan, Method, Tidy, Clean, Crisp

His life is chaotic and a complete mess.

 Slam

Verb

To criticize severely

(पटक दिया)

Attack, Scold, Abuse, Insult, Savage, Criticize, Blast, Assail, Bash, Harass, Trash

Commend, Praise, Compliment, Hail, Laud, Acclaim,

Ram slammed Sheetal in between her speech.

Repent

Verb

To feel or express sincere regret or remorse about one's wrongdoing or sin.

 (पछतावा)

Regret, Lament, Deplore, Rue, Mourn, Sorrow (for), Grieve (for), Bemoan, Grief, Guilt, Penitence, Remorse

Enjoy, Relish, Savor, Delight, Praise, Happy

He repented after his action.

Rebellion

Noun

 

 

An act of armed resistance to an established government or leader.

(विद्रोह)

Mutiny, Revolt, Uprising, Insurgency,

Counterinsurgency, Counterrevolution, Obedience, Submission, Harmony, Calm, Peace

The 1857 rebellion was the first war against the British Rule.

Quicken

Verb

To make or become faster or quicker.

(तेज़)

Accelerate, Expedite, Hasten, Promote, Revitalize, Push, Hurry, Encourage, Urge

Brake, Slow, Decelerate, Retard, Hinder, Restrain, Delay, Impede

She quickened her pace to keep up with the other Drivers.

Assessment

Noun

The action or an instance of making a judgment about something.

(निर्धारण)

Estimate, Judgment, Computation, Imposition, Determination, Estimation, Rating, Reckoning, Evaluation

Indifference, Detachment, Incuriosity, Impassivity, Uninterest

We must make an assessment of the monthly expenditure.

Destabilise

Verb

To upset the stability of (a region or system) or cause unrest or instability in.

(अस्थिर)

Diminish, Lessen, Thwart, Undermine, Impair, Sabotage, Weaken, Unsettle, Upset, Ruin, Threaten

Strengthen, Settle, Strengthen, Reinforce, Sustain, Stabilize

The Cyclone destabilized the river banks.

Battered

Adjective

Injured by repeated blows or punishment.

(चकनाचूर)

Pounded, Kicked, Lashed, Whipped, Pelted, Attacked, Knocked, Beat, Smashed, Slapped.

Undamaged, New, Unabused, Unbroken, Uninjured, Construct, Assist

He used to drive a battered bike.

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