The Hindu Vocabulary 12 June 2023

2023-06-12

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 12 June 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Telltale signs: On Maharashtra and a pattern of sustained polarisation.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Telltale

Adjective

Related to someone or something that reveals what is not intended to be known.

(किसी ऐसी चीज को प्रकट करने से संबंधित जिसका खुलासा करने का इरादा नहीं था)

Indicative, Reflective, Characteristic, Denotative, Significant, Denoting

Uninformative, Uninstructive, Ineffective

Your story was a telltale in the situation of confusion.

Noun

A person, especially a child, who reports others' wrongdoings or reveals their secrets.

(चुगलखोर)

Gossiper, Informant, Informer, Circulator, Betrayer, Snitcher

Be Quiet, Conceal Hide

Harshit has become a telltale now.

Polarization

Noun

The division into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs.

(ध्रुवीकरण)

Decomposition, Diffusion, Dispersion, Scattering, Atomization, Subdivision, Segmentation, Dichotomization 

Union, Unification, Association, Connection, Assemblage, Attachment

The polarization of society into poor and rich is very common.

Premeditated

Adjective

(of an action, especially a crime) thought out or planned beforehand.

(पूर्वचिन्तित)

Deliberate, Intentional, Advance, Voluntary, Calculated, Planned, Purposeful, Willful

Spontaneous, Instinctive, Impulsive, Impromptu, Unintentional, Accidental

The murder was premeditated.

Prohibitory

Adjective

Tending to discourage (especially of prices).

(निषेधात्मक)

Prohibitive, Unreasonable, Exorbitant, Extravagant, Steep, Overpriced, Costly, Increased

Reasonable, Popular, Inexpensive, Cheap

Defying prohibitory orders is a crime.

Unfolded

Adjective

(of events or information) gradually develop or be revealed.

(सामने आया)

Unfurled, Unbuttoned, Unlocked, Unsealed, Revealed, Unzipped, Unlatched, Unfastened

Stopped, Closed, Blocked, Shut, Plugged, Jammed, Obstructed

He unfolded his story as the time passed.

Dearth

Noun

A scarcity or lack of something.

(दुर्लभता)

Shortage, Lack, Paucity, Deficiency, Scarcity, Absence, Famine, Drought

Abundance, Plenty, Wealth, Sufficiency

There was a dearth of food in her house.

Procession

Noun

A group of individuals moving along in an orderly often ceremonial way.

(शोभायात्रा)

Parade, Cortège, Cortege, Column, progress, String, Train, Line

Regression, Retreat, Recession, Return, Reverse

I saw a procession of mourners.

Provocative

Adjective

Causing anger or another strong reaction, especially deliberately.

(उत्तेजक)

Exciting, Charged, Provoking, Motivational, Motivating, Stimulating, Inciting

Noninflammatory, Subduing

It was a provocative news that initiated the discussion.

Escalate

Verb

To increase rapidly.

(तीव्र करना)

Expand, grow, Heighten, Intensify, mount, Raise

 

Decrease, Diminish, Recede, Lessen

The intervention of other countries escalated the war between Russia and Ukraine.

Syncretic

Adjective

Characterized or brought about by a combination of different forms of belief or practice.

(सामजस्यपूर्ण)

Amalgamated, Assimilated, Combined, Incorporated, Integrated, Linked, Mixed, United

Separation, Segregation, Detachment, Disunion, Partition, Separation

In India, modern languages are the syncretic ones.

Obeisance

Noun

Respect for and willingness to obey somebody/something.

(श्रद्धा)

Homage, Respect, Salute, Nod, Bow, Reverence, Submissiveness

Disrespect, Insolence, Impudence, Rudeness, Insult

Everyone must show obeisance before the head of the country.

Mitigate

Verb

To make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.

(न्यूनीकरण करना)

Allay, Decrease, Moderation, Alleviation, Appeasement, Alleviate, Assuage, Lighten

Provoke, Aggravate, Increase, Raise, Incite, Rouse, Worsen

The government should take steps to mitigate the problem of sewers in my area.

Decisively 

Adverb

In a manner that settles an issue convincingly or produces a definite result.

(निर्णायक रूप से)

Definitively, Conclusively, Certainly, Surely, Undoubtedly, Assuredly

Improbably, Incredibly, Unbelievably, Implausibly, Unthinkably

The Chennai team won matches decisively this season.

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