The Hindu Vocabulary 25 August 2022

2022-08-25

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 25 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Family matters: On the Congress and the Gandhis.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Aloof

Adjective

Reserved.

Physically or emotionally distant.

(अलग/ दूर)

Detached, Distant, Haughty, Indifferent

Compassionate, Responsive, Friendly, Kind

He is considered aloof because of his behaviour.

Meddle

Verb

To involve oneself in a matter without invitation or unwantedly.

(हस्तक्षेप करना)

Interfere, Intervene, Intrude, Obtrude

Shun, Disregard, Help, Retreat

His father asked his friends to stay away and don’t meddle in their family matters.

Committee

Noun

A group of persons elected or selected to perform a specific duty such as to investigate, to research, to take action, to organize, etc.
(समिति)

Board, Bureau

-

The Bill is under review by the committee.

Drub

Verb

To beat by a stick or like.

To defeat decisively.

(बेंत से मारना)

Clobber, Spank

Fail, Lose

Passengers were drubbing the thief on the train.

Plea

Noun

A legal suit.

An allegation made by someone in support of a cause.

Something offered by way of excuse.

(दलील)

Appeal, Application, Entreaty, Overture, Action, Apology

Truth, Decision, Sentence, Answer, Reply

The environmentalist made a plea to all the industries to stop polluting the environment.

Ardent

Adjective

Extremely devoted.

Glowing like fire.

(उत्साही/ उत्कट)

Avid, Fervent, Burning, Blazing

Cool, Dispassionate, Impassive, Unemotional

His ardent love for his girlfriend made her father agree to their marriage.

Lifeblood

Noun

 

Blood that is essential to maintain life.

(जीवन)

Aspect, Basis, Heart, Soul

Abstract, Exterior

The textile industry has been the town’s lifeblood.

Reluctant

Noun

Restoration

(संकोची)

Unwilling, Disinclined

Willing, Bold

He was reluctant in his campaign for Mayor’s election.

Astute

Adjective

Having Shrewdness or keenly perceptive

(चतुराई से)

Canny, Savvy, Sharp, Smart, Intelligent, Shrewd

Foolish, Stupid, Idiotic, Inept

He presented an astute analysis to the manager.

Pinnacle

Noun

The most successful point; the culmination.

(शिखर)

Apex, Culmination, Peak, Height, Apogee, Climax, Zenith

Bottom, Nadir, Base

Narendra Modi rose to the pinnacles of power over the last few years.

Chaotic

Adjective

In a state of complete confusion and disorder.

(अस्त व्यस्त)

Disorderly, Disorder, Disorganized, Disarray, Confused, Messy, Tumultuous

Organized, Orderly, Arranged, Arrayed, Clear, Transparent

My life became chaotic after I won the gold medal at the Olympic games.

Buckle

Verb

Bend and give way under a weight or force/ cave in

(हथियार डाल देना)

Collapse, Crumple, Go out, Implode

-

Gandhi has done the honourable thing by refusing to buckle under pressure.

Helm

Noun

The place or post of control.

(संचालन)

Chair, Head, Rein

-

The new chancellor is at the helm of the engineering college.

Ironically

Adverb

In an ironic manner.

(व्‍यंग्‍यपूर्वक)

Amusingly, Jokingly, Humorously, Absurdly, Jovially, Playfully

-

Ironically, I got the offer from the company that fired me a few months ago.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?