The Hindu Vocabulary 26 August 2022

2022-08-26

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 26 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘A perilous stalemate: On Russia-Ukraine conflict after six months.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Perilous

Adjective

Full of danger or risk.

Full of peril.

(खतरनाक)

Hazardous, Risky,  Unsafe, Treacherous, Harmful

Safe, Protected, Secure, Sturdy

The hill roads offers an adventurous and perilous journey.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

Both the parties have conflicted on such a silly minute issue.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

The conflict may get finally resolved after the next meetings.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

An instance of the entrance to take possession.

(आक्रमण/ हमला/ चढ़ाई/ धावा)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

The invasion of Ukraine has been a point of shift in Geopolitics.

Stalemate

Noun

Any situation in which no action or progress can be made.

(गतिरोध)

Delay, Deadlock, Gridlock, Impasse

Advance, Headway, Progress

All these efforts of yours have resulted in nothing but stalemate.

Verb

To result in a standoff.

(एक गतिरोध के परिणामस्वरूप)

-

-

Our meetings to discuss thedivision of shares have stalemated.

Invade

Verb

Enter someone's land or property without permission to occupy it.

(आक्रमण करना)

Trespass, Infringe, Exploit, Offend, Enter, Conquer, Pervade

Leave, Withdraw, Quit, Abandon, Vacate

The Pakistan has invaded the POK for several years.

Troop

Noun

An assemblage of persons.

A group of soldiers.

(सैन्यदल)

Army, Contingent, Crew, Delegation

Individual, One

India has consistently rotated its troops across different borders.

Verb

To gather in a company.

To move in large numbers.

(बड़ी संख्या में स्थानांतरित करना)

Gather

Alone

They were trooping at the outskirts for a week.

Retreat

Noun

The forced withdrawal of an army before an enemy.

A place of refuge or seclusion.

(वापसी / आश्रय / शरण/ निर्जन स्थान)

Evacuation, Withdrawal, Retirement, Ebb, Flight, Haven, Hideaway, Refuge, Resort

Advance, Arrival, Coming, Advancement

We were surprised by the decision of retreat from the public life by Rajesh.

Swathe

Noun

A band of linen.

(तह)

-

-

They wrapped the idols inside a canvas swathw.

Verb

To wrap fully.

(लपेटना)

Bandage, Clothe

Uncover

The workers swathed the products with bubble wraps.

Alliance

Adjective

An association between two or more persons, groups or countries.

(गठबंधन)

Accord, Affiliation, Affinity, Engagement

Detachment, Hatred, Disagreement, Disconnection

Nitish kumar has formed new alliance.

Noun

A union between people, groups, countries, etc.

(सन्धि)

Accord, Compact, Convention, Pact

-

The BRICS alliance is planning to expand by inducting new members.

Rhetoric

Noun

The art or ability to use language effectively.

(भाषण कला)

Hyperbole, Oratory, Address, Bombast

Quiet, Conciseness

Narendra Modi is fine speaker and known for his articulation and rhetorics.

Resistance

Noun

The opposition offered by one thing to another.

(प्रतिरोध)

Battle, Defiance, Fight, Intransigence

Aid, Assistance, Help, Liberation

He offered enough resistance that his father has finally agreed to his decision.

Gravely

Adverb

To a degree that gives cause for alarm.

In a serious manner.

(गंभीरता से)

Deeply, Greatly, Hard, Painfully, Seriously, Severely, Alarmingly, Critically, Desperately, Intensely

Lightly, Incompletely, Little, Slightly, Trivially, Carefully, Safely, Adequately, Calmly, Securely, Morally

The economy has suffered gravely during the lockdown.

Cripple

Verb

Cause severe and disabling damage to; deprive of the ability to function normally.

(विकलांग बनाना)

Debilitate, Hamstring, Hurt, Immobilize, Incapacitate, Damage, Destroy, Impair, Halt

Construct, Repair, Construct, Create, Aid, Assist, Cure, Mobilize

The economic slowdown has crippled the small business owners.

Sanction

Noun

Authoritative permission for action.

A formal decree

(प्रतिबंध)

Allowance, Clearance, Consent, Warrant

Interdiction, Prohibition, Proscription

Russia is now not afraid of sanctions put by other countries.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

Your project funds have been sanctioned.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

He went to the mall despite knowing the danger of pandemic.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

He was unhappy with the despite that her wife made his brother feel at their house.

Impractical

Adjective

Not practical.

(अव्यावहारिक)

Absurd, Illogical, Impossible, Improbable

Logical, Possible, Reasonable, Rational

Your idea seems impractical.

Ceasefire

Noun

A cessation of hostilities.

(संघर्ष विराम)

Armistice, Truce

Fight, War

The war has finally ended with a ceasefire.

Grind

Noun

An act of grinding.

Boring and arduous tasks.

(परिश्रम के साथ अध्ययन)

Chore, Drudgery

Break, Entertainment

He was not happy with the dull office machine.

Verb

To reduce to powder by crushing.

(पीसना)

Grate, Pulverize, Rub, Scrape, Abrade, Gnash, Grit, Polish, Afflict, Hound

Aid, Assist, Dull, Roughen

The mixer has grinded the sugar well.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?