The Hindu Vocabulary 27 August 2022

2022-08-27

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 29 August 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Rainbow of hope: On Tamil Nadu’s glossary of terms to address LGBTQIA+ community.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Glossary

Noun

A list of meanings of words or expressions related to a specific subject.

(शब्दकोष)

Dictionary, Vocabulary, Lexicon

-

A glossary is much needed for the workers to understand the industry terms.

Dignity

Noun

Nobility or worthiness of character.

High rank, office, or position.

(गौरव/ मर्यादा)

Decency, Decorum, Grandeur, Grace

Dishonour, Evil, Immorality, Insignificance

Rajesh has lost his dignity after these corruption charges.

Stigma

Noun

A mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person.

(कलंक)

Shame, Disgrace, Dishonor, Stain, Blot

Approval, Benefit, Esteem, Honor, Praise

He wore the stigma of cowardice throughout his college life.

Prejudice

Verb

An unfavourable feeling or opinion formed beforehand without any reason or knowledge.

(पक्षपात करना)

Bias, Distort

Aid, Assist

We often prejudice ourselves toward politicians.

Noun

To damage by judgment or opinion.

(पक्षपात/ हानि/ पूर्वधारणा)

Animosity, Bias

Fairness, Impartiality, Love

The fight against racial prejudice is never-ending.

Discrimination

Noun

Prejudiced treatment.

The ability to make fine and minute distinctions.

(भेदभाव/ विवेक)

Bigotry, Favouritism, Hatred, Inequity

Equity, Fairness

Any form of discrimination at the workplace would not be tolerated.

Derided

Verb

To laugh at contempt.

To mock.

(उपहास करना)

Disdain, Disparage

Admire, Approve

Trisha got derided by her friends.

Nomenclature

Noun

A set of names used in particular art or field of study.

(नामपद्धति)

Classification, Codification

-

Rajkumar found difficulty in understanding the nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry.

Fraught

Adjective

Full of something specified.

Filled or laden.

A situation filled with problems and risks.

(भरा हुआ/ लदा हुआ)

Charged, Abounding, Filled, Replete

Empty

The report was fraught with silly mistakes.

Amend

Verb

To alter or modify.

To grow or become better.

(संशोधन)

Ameliorate, Better, Enhance, Upgrade

Worsen, Lower, Break, Decrease

The Government offices are amending their HR policies.

Misconceptions

Noun

A wrong idea. (ग़लतफ़हमी/ वहम)

Delusion, Fallacy

Truth, Verify, Certainty, Accuracy

There are misconceptions about the job of an architect and an interior designer.

Empowerment

Noun

The giving of power or authority.

The giving of an ability.

The state of being empowered to do something.

(सशक्तिकरण)

Accreditation, Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Approval, Assent, Clearance, Consent, Permission, Agreement

Opposition, Break, Disagreement, Denial, Refusal, Disapproval

The empowerment of the Backward class is much needed.

Sanction

Noun

Official permission or approval for an action.

(प्रतिबंध)

Authorization, Consent, Leave, Permission, Authority

Prohibition, Ban, Prohibit, Obstruct, Hinder

America puts sanctions on countries on Human Rights violation cases.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

The Manager has sanctioned my leaves.  

Combat

Noun

A fight between two individuals or groups.

(लड़ाई/ युद्ध)

Chair, Head, Rein

-

The combat between the forces has resulted in casualties.

Verb

To fight against.

To struggle against someone.

(लड़ना/ विरोध करना)

Cope, Fight, Oppose, Repel

Support, Surrender

We are trying to combat child labour and domestic violence.

Phobia

Noun

An extreme or irrational fear of someone or something.

(भय/ डर)

Alarm, Anxiety, Aversion, Distaste

Courage, Fearlessness

His fear of public speaking eventually developed into a phobia.

Marginalize

Verb

To place in a position of insignificance.

(हाशिए पर रखना)

Criticize, Demean, Deprecate, Diminish

Elevate, Praise

The NGO is helping marginalized groups.

Liberty

Noun

Freedom from arbitrary control.

Freedom from foreign rule.

Freedom from control or restrictions.

Freedom from captivity.

(स्वतंत्रता/ स्वाधीनता/ बेतकल्लुफ़ी)

Autarchy, Authorization, Autonomy, Birthright, Franchise, Immunity, Independence, Decision, Leave, Liberation

Denial, Dependence, Hold, Prohibition, Refusal, Responsibility, Veto, Arrest, Imprisonment, Work

Our ancestors have fought for liberty and freedom.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?