The Hindu Vocabulary 3 February 2023

2023-02-03

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 3 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Fire and ice: On Ladakh.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Picturesque

Noun

Resembling a picture.

Resembling a painted scene.

(सुरम्य/ प्रकृतिमनोहर)

Beautiful, Charming, Colourful, Pleasant

Dreary, Offensive, Plain, Repulsive

The view at my village is picturesque.

Carve

Verb

To cut to form something.

To cut with care or precision.

(उत्कीर्ण)

Sculpt, Sculpture, Divide, Engrave

Combine, Increase, Unite, Join

Roshni carved a beautiful ornament from the wood.

Erstwhile

Adjective

In the past.

(भूतपूर्व)

Once, Bygone, Ex, Late, Past, Preceding

Present, Future

My uncle is an erstwhile mayor.

Jubilation

Noun

A feeling of joy or exultation.

A joyful celebration.

(आनंदोत्सव)

Happiness, Joy, Exultation, Festivity

Sadness, Sorrow, Unhappiness, Woe

The good news was greeted with jubilation.

Agitation

Noun

A state of anxiety or nervous excitement.

(व्याकुलता)

Anxiety, Disquiet, Perturbation, Turbulence, Shaking

Peaceful, Silent, Quiet, Resting, Sedentary

The agitation of the crowd led to the curfew in the area.

Inclusion

Noun

The act of including.

The state of being included.

(समावेश)

Admittance, Formation, Incorporation, Involvement

Exclusion, Subtraction

The inclusion of every section of the society in the cabinet was appreciated.

Bureaucracy

Adverb

A body of non-elected government officials.

The body of officials and administrators of a government department.

A system of administration characterized by red tape, officialism, and routine.

(नौकरशाही / नौकरशाह / अधिकारी तंत्र / अधिकारी-वर्ग/ दफ्तरशाही)

Administration, Authority, Management, Ministry, Directorate, Government, Officialdom, Officials

-

The bureaucracy has done a good job in last few years.

Hostile

Adjective

Relating to an enemy.

Opposed in feeling.

Characterized by antagonism.

Not friendly.

(विरोधी/ शत्रुतापूर्ण)

Adverse, Belligerent, Bitter, Contentious

Agreeable, Aiding, Favourable, Friendly

He was hurt by the hostile act of the opponents.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

Rahul succeeding in the exam despite all the hardships is an example of pure determination and hardwork.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

Even in her own despite, she is not going to stand up to her obligations.

Restoration

Noun

An act of bringing back to a former condition.

(मरम्मत)

Rebuilding, Reclamation, Recovery, Rehabilitation, Renewal, Renovation

Destruction, Abolition, Damage, Neglect

He was planning a restoration of his old sofa and chair.

Fragile

Adjective

Easily broken or damaged.

(नाज़ुक)

Delicate, Feeble, Brittle, Weak, Frail

Firm, Strong, Tough, Stiff

We bubble wrapped the fragile items.

Reassure

Verb

Tell someone something positively or confidently to dispel any doubts they may have.

(आश्वस्त करना)

Encourage, Persuade, Assure, Satisfy

Discourage, Dissuade, Distress

The minister reassured the public and sent an assurance letter.

Headway

Noun

Forward movement.

Progress in general.

Rate of progress.

Motion in forward direction.

(प्रगति/ उन्नति)

Advancement, Advance, Ground, Improvement

Decrease, Block, Hindrance, Stoppage

He made a little headway by moving his company forward despite so many problems.

Mandate

Noun

A command from a higher authority to a lower one.

The power that voters give to their elected leader.

(जनादेश)

Authorization, Commission, Delegation, Empowerment

Breach, Break, Denial, Question

As per the Exit Poll, there is going to be a clear mandate.

Verb

To officially require something.

(अनिवार्य)

Call, Command, Dictate, Direct

Request, Veto

The employees have been mandated to wear uniform each day.

Incursion

Noun

A hostile entrance into a territory.

An entry into some activity.

(यकायक आक्रमण/ चढ़ाई)

Aggression, Attack, Inroad, Foray

Retreat

We accidently entered enemy airspace but the enemy thought of it as an incursion into its territory.

Drastic

Adjective

Extremely severe.

Acting rapidly.

(भीषण/ कठोर)

Dire, Forceful

Nice, Calm, Collected, Easy

The steps will have drastic effects.

Assuage

Verb

To lessen the intensity of something that causes pain.

To put an end to something by satisfying.

(शांत करना/ कम करना)

Allay, Alleviate, Appease, Lessen

Aggravate, Agitate, Dissatisfy, Incite

He assuaged both of them.

Intent

Noun

Intention or purpose

(इरादा)

Aim, Goal, Target, Objective

-

He has no intent to testify against his friend.

Adjective

Directed with strained or eager attention.

(तत्पर)

 

Decided, Hell-bent, Preoccupied, Resolved

Flexible, Indefinite, Unconcerned, Undecided

Anjali was so intent to complete her painting that she forgot to drink water.

Foment

Verb

Instigate or stir up an undesirable or violent sentiment

(भड़काना)

Provoke, Abet, Brew, Incite

Deter, Discourage, Calm, Conclude

The religious leader was accused of fomenting public anger and agitation during the secret conference.  

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Question Of The Day

Which of the following sites of Harappan civilization is located near Bolan Pass? / हड़प्पा सभ्यता का निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा स्थल बोलन दर्रे के पास स्थित है? 


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