The Hindu Vocabulary 2 February 2023

2023-02-02

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 2 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘A raft of concessions amid consolidation: On Budget 2023-24.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Raft

Noun

A floating platform.

(बेड़ा)

Barge, Boat, Mat, Craft

-

We rented two rafts in Manali.

Verb

To use a raft.

(बेड़ा चलाना)

-

-

We went to the riverside for River Rafting.

Concessions

Noun

A thing that is granted, especially in response to demands.

(छूट)

Adjustment, Modification, Allowance, Exception

Raise, Increase, Increment, Denial

I received good concessions while purchasing a mobile phone.

Amid

Preposition

In the middle of.

(बीच में)

Through, Mid, Among, Amongst

Away from, Outside, Beyond, Far from

They announced their separation amid a personal crisis.

Consolidation

Verb

An act of combining into a single or unified whole.

An act of solidification or strengthening.

(समेकन/ संपिण्डन)

Merger, Strengthening, Unification, Alliance

Division, Separation, Antagonism, Disassociation

The company has decided to go for consolidation of five departments and merge into one.

Inclusive

Adjective

Including or covering all the services, facilities, or items normally expected or required.

(समावेशी)

Broad, Comprehensive, All together, Full

Exclusive, Incomprehensive, Narrow

Our report is from January to July inclusive.

Fiscal

Adjective

Relating to the public revenues.

(राजकोषीय)

Monetary, Financial, Budgetary, Economic

-

The Government is targeting to reduce the fiscal deficit.

Affluent

Adjective

Having an abundance of wealth.

Abounding in anything.

(धनी/ संपन्न/ समृद्ध/ प्रचुर)

Moneyed, Prosperous, Rich, Upscale, Full, Abundant, Bountiful, Copious

Destitute, Poor, Impoverished, Lacking

Yogendra is an affluent person.

Interpret

Verb

To provide an explanation.

To elucidate.

To construe in a particular way.

To bring out the meaning of something.

(व्याख्या करना/ बाषान्तर करना)

Clarify, Construe, Decipher, Depict

Confuse, Disbelieve, Cloud, Direct

He interpreted the report in a very nice manner.

Hazardous

Adjective

Full of risk.

Dependent on chance.

Involving risk.

Something that is dangerous to people’s safety.

(संकटमय/ जोखिमभरा)

Dicey, Difficult, Perilous, Precarious

Certain, Definite, Safe, Secure

Factories have to follow a proper procedure to dispose off the hazardous material.

Fledged

Adjective

Having the characteristics of maturity.

Having wing feathers that are large enough for flight.

(विकसित/ पक्षयुक्त/ परदार हो गया)

-

-

This is a recently fledged bird.

Pore

Noun

A minute opening especially in an animal or plant.

A small interstice admitting absorption or passage in liquid.

(रोमकूप/ छेद)

Foramen, Opening, Orifice, Outlet

-

There were many pores in the sheet.

Verb

To ready with steady attention.

To gaze steadily.

(ताकना/विचार करना)

Brood, Contemplate, Examine, Muse

Disregard, Forget, Ignore

Rashmi spent hours poring over cooking recipie.

Ensure

Verb

To make sure of.

To guarantee.

(पक्का करना)

Assure, Establish, Insure, Effect

Endanger, Harm, Hurt, Neglect

The Cricket Board ensured the safety of all the players.

Prosperity

Noun

A successful condition

A condition in which a person or community is doing well financially

(समृद्धि)

Accomplishment, Benefit, Boom, Expansion, Growth, Inflation, Interest

Decreases, Disadvantage, Failure, Lessening, Loss, Shrinkage, Stagnation

The leaders of the nation should work towards happiness and prosperity of the future generations.

Sustainable

Adjective

Able to be maintained at a certain rate or level.

(सतत)

Maintain, Uphold, Preserve, Protect, Keep, Nurture

Ruin, Destroy, Debilitate, Abandon, Relinquish

The Government is planning to focus on sustainable development at the grassroot level.

Emphasize

Verb

To give emphasis to someone or something.

(ज़ोर देना)

Accent, Feature, Foreground, Highlight, Illuminate, Press, Stress

De-emphasize, Play down

He emphasized the need to change the strategy.

Robust

Adjective

Strong and healthy; vigorous.

(मजबूत)

Strong, Sturdy, Vigorous, Powerful, tough, Stern

Weak, Debilitate, Frail, Fragile, Sensitive

The assembly line is robust and efficient.

Agenda

Noun

A list or plan that need to be acted upon.

(कार्यसूची)

Calendar, Docket, Program, Schedule

-

The news channels are allegedly running agenda in their primetime shows.

Artisan

Noun

A person skilled in a utilitarian art, trade or craft.

(कारीगर)

Builder, Carpenter, Craftsman, Professional

Apprentice

My wife is a skilled artisan with expertise in painting.

Hinterland

Noun

The remote areas of a country away from the coast or the banks of major rivers.

(आंतरिक इलाके)

Bush, Remote, Hicksville, Faraway, Distant

Nearby, Close, Central, Near

The unexplored hinterland attracts the adventure loving people.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

Inflation is being a problem for developed as well as developing nations.

Ravage

Noun

An act of ravaging.

Damage resulting from violently destructive effect.

(नाश/ विध्वंस)

Destruction, Desecration, Desecrating, Trashing

Protection, Preservation, Salvage, Saving

He was troubled by the ravages of time.

Verb

To havoc on.

To damage.

To work havoc.

To do ruinous damage.

(नाश करना/ लूटना)

Consume, Damage, Demolish, Devastate

Aid, Assist, Build, Construct

Kenya’s economy has been ravaged.

Mangrove

Noun

A tree or shrub with roots that grows along coasts or on banks of large rivers. Mangroves typically have numerous tangled roots above ground and form dense thickets.

(सदाबहार)

-

-

The Island houses different species of animals in these mangrove forests.

Regenerate

Noun

An individual who is reborn.

A regenerated body part.

(पुनर्जन्म)

Recruit, Convert, Novitate, Catechumen

-

The new process helps in complex regenerate with less irritation.

Verb

To become formed again.

To effect a complete moral reform in.

(फिर से उत्पन्न करना/ सुधारना)

Invigorate, Reconstruct, Recreate, Reestablish

Destroy, Kill, Ruin, Damage

Some tissues can regenerate themselves.

Alliance

Adjective

An association between two or more persons, groups, or countries.

(गठबंधन)

Accord, Affiliation, Affinity, Engagement

Detachment, Hatred, Disagreement, Disconnection

The corporate alliance is based on requirement and supply.

Noun

A union between people, groups, countries, etc. (सन्धि)

Accord, Compact, Convention, Pact

-

Many small regional parties are trying to go into an alliance with the BJP.

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