The Hindu Vocabulary 1 February 2023

2023-02-01

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 1 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Youth and pedigree: On Germany’s Hockey World Cup win.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Pedigree

Noun

 

An ancestral line.

Distinguished or pure ancestry.

(वंशावली/ व्युत्पत्ति)

Ancestry, Bloodline, Extraction, Line

Conclusion, Consequence, Effect, End

The pedigree traces our ancestors to Gujarat.

Rely

Verb

To be dependent.

To have confidence in someone or something.

(भरोसा करना)

Calculate, Count, Entrust, Expect, Hope, Lean

Distrust, Mistrust, Question, Subject

We need to hire people on whom we can rely.

Resilience

Noun

The power of a material to return to its original form.

The ability to become strong after something bad happens.

(लचीलापन)

Flexibility, Pliancy, Recoil, Snap

Rigid

The group will be known for its resilience.

Incidentally

Adverb

In an incidental manner.

(संयोग से/ प्रसंगवश)

Casually, Remotely, Accidentally, Fortuitously

Purposely

Some of his blabbers were incidentally hilarious.

Championships

Noun

The distinction of being a champion.

Advocacy or defense.

The act of championing.

A contest held to determine a champion.

(चैंपियनशिप/ नेतृत्व)

Crown, Showdown, Tournament, Elimination

-

India won the championship.

Innate

Adjective

To depress the spirits of somebody.

To discourage.

(जन्मजात/ सहज/ स्वबाविक/ अन्तर्जात)

Elemental, Inborn, Ingrained, Inherent

Acquired, Extrinsic, Incidental, Learned

He has an innate musical talent.

Grit

Noun

Any of several sandstones.

The firmness of mind.

(धैर्य / साहस)

Dust, Gravel, Lumps, Pebbles, Daring, Fortitude, Guts, Moxie

Cowardice, Weakness, Timidity

He underlined all the flaws in the project.

Verb

To move with a grating sound.

To cause to grate together.

(झंझरी ध्वनि के साथ चलना।/ एक साथ घिसना ।)

-

-

Kajal gritted his teeth and faced the challenge.

Comprise

Verb

To include.

To consist of.

(समावेश करना)

Consist, Contain, Constitute, Form

Abandon, Exclude, Neglect, Except, Ruin

Each box comprised 100 apples.

Cohesive

Adjective

characterized by or causing cohesion.

(जोड़नेवाला)

United, Adhesive, Tenacious, Connected

Detached, Loose, Friable, Crumbling, Divided

Their dance moves were cohesive and the performance was impeccable.

Shatter

Noun

Fragments made by shattering.

(टूट/ टुकड़ा)

Chip, Flake, Shard, Shiver, Clipping, Remainder, Cantle, Fraction, Morsel, Shaving

Whole

He brought a shatter-proof mobile case.

Verb

To break something into pieces.

To damage by crushing.

To destroy.

To weaken.

(तोड़ना/ चकनाचूर करना)

Blast, Burst, Crack, Crush, Dash, Demolish, Destroy, Disable, Exhaust, Snap, Splinter, Fracture

Aid, Assist, Build, Combine, Compliment, Construct, Create, Encourage, Fix, Help, Inspirit

The hails shattered my house window glass.

Setback

Noun

A checking of progress.

An instance of setting back.

A reversal in progress.

(नाकामयाबी/ देर/ विलंब/ गिरना)

Blow, Defeat, Delay, Difficulty, Hindrance, Impediment, Misfortune, Obstacle

Advance, Assistance, Advantage, Aid

The positive sentiments in the Share market are a setback for Short sellers.

Consolation

Noun

The act of alleviating the grief of someone.

(सांत्वना)

Comfort, Compassion, Encouragement, Pity

Disdain, Indifference, Mercilessness, Stop

Shreya’s words were a consolation for Rakesh.

Counterpart

Noun

A person or thing that corresponds to or has the same function as another person or thing in a different place or situation.

A thing that fits another perfectly.

One having the same functions as another.

(समकक्ष/ प्रतिरूप/ प्रतिस्थानी/ प्रतिलेख)

Equivalent, Peer, Equal, Parallel, Match, Coequal, Compeer, Fellow, Match, Doppelganger

Enemy, Foe, Adversary, Rival, Opposite

I went to my Hungarian counterpart to discuss the latest policy.

Impeccably

Adverb

In a smooth manner.

In a flawless way.

(निर्दोषिता/ निर्दोषिता से)

Admirably, Correctly

Flawed, Imperfectly

The design was impeccably perfect.

Enhance

Verb

Intensify, increase, or further improve the quality, value, or extent of.

(वृद्धि करना)

Add to, Appreciate, Augment, Boost, Build up, Complement

Decrease, Diminish, Discourage, Hurt, Lessen

Working in a startup will enhance your skills.

Benchmark

Noun

Something that serves as a standard by which others may be measured.

A standard of excellence against which similar things are measured.

(तल चिह्न / सतह / सीधा/ बहुत ढालवाँ)

Criterion, Gauge, Standard, Measure, Touchstone, Yardstick, Bar, Grade, Metric

Guess

The new movie has become a benchmark for all upcoming movies.

Verb

To study a competitor to improve the performance of one’s own.

To test something to develop software.

(अपने स्वयं के प्रदर्शन को बेहतर बनाने के लिए एक प्रतियोगी का अध्ययन करना।)

-

-

The company has benchmarked the new service.

Capitalize

Verb

To write in capital letters.

To authorize a certain amount to be used as capital.

To issue stock as a dividend.

To take advantage of something.

(मूल बनाना/ पूंजी की भांति बरतना/ पूँजीकरण करना/ पूंजी रूप में प्रयोग करना)

Bankroll, Endow, Finance, Fund, Exploit, Gain

Forfeit, Lose, Defund

The venture was planning to capitalize on a corporation.

Rejuvenate

Verb

To make or feel young again.

To make something more lively and more efficient by the new ideas.

(फिर से युवा करना/ जीर्णोद्धार करना)

Modernize, Reconstruct, Refresh, Regenerate

Damage, Destroy, Kill, Ruin

My father is trying to rejuvenate an old sofa.

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Question Of The Day

Every year, Earth Day is observed on 22 April. What is the theme of Earth Day 2024?/ हर साल 22 अप्रैल को पृथ्वी दिवस मनाया जाता है। पृथ्वी दिवस 2024 का विषय क्या है?


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