The Hindu Vocabulary 25 January 2023

2023-01-25

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 25 January 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Quick exit: On India’s loss at hockey World Cup.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Exposure

Noun

 

The act of exposing.

The state of being exposed.

Disclosure of something secret.

An act of revealing a fraud.

(संसर्ग/ अनावरण/ पहुंचाना/ अनावृत्ति)

Disclosure, Hazard, Liability, Publicity

Certainty, Safety, Secret, Surety

The sudden exposure of objects that were hidden, everyone surprised everyone.

Campaign

Noun

A systematic course of action launched for some specific purpose.

(अभियान)

Crusade, Drive, Fight, Movement, Juggernaut

-

The group of students launched a campaign against the college management.

Verb

To serve or go in a movement for a specific purpose.

(एक विशेष लक्ष्य कीओर एक संगठित और सक्रिय तरीके से काम करना)

Barnstorm, Lobby, Stump, Politick

-

I was campaigning for my aunty in the elections.

Spectacular

Noun

Something impressive or a large-scale display.

(कुछ ऐसा जो शानदार है)

Extravaganza, Spectacle, Exhibition, Show

-

Tollywood is delivering so many spectaculars that People are getting used to it.

Adjective

Marked by an impressively large-scale display of something.

(दर्शनीय/ शानदार)

Amazing, Astonishing, Astounding, Breathtaking

Bad, Common, Expected, Homely, Inferior, Insignificant

We were amazed by the spectacular statue.

Euphoria

Noun

A state of intense happiness or well-being.

(उत्साह/ उल्लासोन्माद)

Elation, Exhilaration, Frenzy, Glee

Depression, Sadness, Unhappiness

The initial euphoria after clearing the UPPSC exam has now subsided.

Crumble

Verb

To break into small pieces or fragments.

(व्यापार)

Collapse, Crush, Decay, Degenerate

Build, Develop, Improve, Unite

He crumbled the cookie into small pieces.

Dishearten

Verb

To depress the spirits of somebody.

To discourage.

(उत्साह भंग करना/ निस्र्त्साह करना)

Daunt, Deject, Demoralize, Deter

Hearten, Inspirit, Build up, Encourage

The conflict between the brothers disheartened the mother.

Flaw

Noun

A feature that defects the perfection of something.

A defect in physical form or structure.

(गलती/ दोष/ खोट/ नुक्स)

Blemish, Bug, Defect, Failing

Advantage, Blessing, Perfection, Strength

He underlined all the flaws in the project.

Verb

To make a flaw.

(गलती करना/ किसी चीज में कोई खोट निकालना)

-

-

This whole sequence of events has flawed our progress.

Glaring

Adjective

Highly obvious

(स्पष्ट)

Blatant, Conspicuous, Egregious, Noticeable, Gross

Concealed, Hidden, Secret, Inconspicuous, Mild

There were several glaring errors in the file and you missed them.

Adjective

Giving out or reflecting a strong or dazzling light.

(चकाचौंधा)

Dazzling, Blinding, Blazing, Fluorescent

Dark, Dull, Hidden, Plain

She wore a glaring necklace at the reception.

Porous

Adjective

Full of pores.

(झरझरा/ छिद्रपूर्ण/ खांखर/ खंखरा/ छिद्रयुक्त)

Absorptive, Penetrable, Permeable

Impermeable, Impenetrable, Nonporous

We require a porous film for our project.

Possession

Noun

The act of possessing.

(कब्ज़ा/ अधिकार/ दखल/ परिग्रह)

Custody, Dominion, Hold, Occupancy

Lack, Need, Relinquishment, Dispossession

We have finally got possession of our flat.

Crucial

Adjective

Extremely important.

(महत्वपूर्ण)

Central, Decisive, Essential, Imperative

Inessential, Insignificant, Minor, Optional

It has become crucial for all of us to earn after college.

Hamper

Verb

If someone or something hampers someone or something, it means they are making something difficult or interfering with something you are trying to do.

(बाधा डालना/ प्रतिबंध करना)

Intelligence, Reconnaissance, Shadowing, Tailing

Honest

Yudhveer has hampered our work.

Prospect

Noun

The act of looking forward.

A place that commands an extensive view.

The outlook of the future for someone or something.

(आशा/ आलोक)

Anticipation, Chance, Expectation

Hopelessness, Impossibility

Green Energy companies have a good prospect in near future.

Concern

Noun

Something that relates to one.

Matter for consideration.

A matter that calls for a person’s attention.

(चिंता/ प्रसंग)

Care, Concernment, Consideration, Heed, Burden, Interest, Involvement, Matter

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm, Entertainment, Fun

The matter raised by Suresh should be a concern for all of us.

Verb

To relate to something.

To care about some matter of trouble.

(चिंतित होना/ लगाव रखना)

Bother, Disturb, Interest, Involve, Perturb, Regard

Aid, Calm, Reassure, Help, Unconcern

I look for intelligence in an interviewee and low marks do not concern me.

Underline

Verb

To emphasize something.

(रेखांकन)

Accentuate, Highlight, Indicate, Underscore

Deemphasize

The Prime Minister underlined all decade-long projects that need to be accelerated.

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Question Of The Day

Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat