The Hindu Vocabulary 24 January 2023

2023-01-24

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 24 January 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Misplaced secrets: On U.S. President Joe Biden’s legal troubles.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Setback

Noun

 

A checking of progress.

An instance of setting back.

A reversal in progress.

(नाकामयाबी/ देर/ विलंब/ गिरना)

Blow, Defeat, Delay, Difficulty, Hindrance, Impediment, Misfortune, Obstacle

Advance, Assistance, Advantage, Aid

Your lack of knowledge of recent advances in technology will be a setback for your business.

Prosecute

Verb

To follow to the end.

To bring legal action against a crime.

To carry on a legal suit.

(पीछा करना/ अनुसरण करना/ निर्वाह करना/ मुक़दमा करना)

Arraign, Indict, Litigate, Sue, Summon, Try, Contest, Conduct, Engage, Execute, Pursue, Continue, Direct

Exonerate, Halt, Cease, Clear, Liberate, Pardon, Free, Ignore, Leave, Neglect, fail

The family has decided not to prosecute the driver who accidentally hit the old man.

Predecessor

Noun

A person who precedes another in the office.

Ancestor.

(पूर्वज/ पुरखा/ पूर्ववर्ती/ पूर्वाधिकारी)

Antecedent, Archetype, Daddy, Foregoer, Forerunner, Forebear, Former, Antecedent

Derivative, Descendant, Successor

I am under pressure of working like my predecessors.

Trove

Noun

A collection of objects.

(निधि)

Accretion, Aggregation, Buildup, Growth

Decrease, Shrinkage, Reduction, Subtraction

We are building teams’ asset trove for the world cup.

Calmly

Adverb

Without agitation or strong emotion

(शांति से)

Coolly, Easily, Peacefully, Serenely, Smoothly, Composedly

-

The saint spoke very slowly and calmly to us.

Engagement

Noun

Meeting

(निश्चित समय पर कुछ करने या कहीं जाने की व्यवस्था)

A formal agreement to get married.

(सगाई)

A fight or battle between armed forces.

(लड़ाई)

Appointment, Arrangement, Commitment, Gig, Date, Commitment, Obligation, Pact, Assurance, Action, Conflict, Confrontation, Encounter

-

Breach, Break, Disagreement, Disengagement, Breakup, Calm, Peace, Retreat, Agreement, Surrender

I have a dinner engagement on Sunday around 8 PM.

Critical

Adjective

Inclined to criticize severely.

Exercising judicious evaluation.

Of the nature of a crisis.

Some important juncture.

(गंभीर/ आलोचनात्मक/ नाजुक/ फुलाना/ आलोचनावादी)

Demanding, Analytical, Belittling, Biting, Crucial, Dangerous, Decisive, Dire, Carping, Rejective

Complimentary, Praising, Trivial, Laudatory, Certain, Inessential, Minor, Safe, Uncritical

They were very critical of the work done by the team.

Intent

Noun

Intention or purpose

(इरादा)

Aim, Goal, Target, Objective

-

She had the intent to cause harm to us.

Adjective

Directed with strained or eager attention.

(तत्पर)

Decided, Hell-bent, Preoccupied, Resolved

Flexible, Indefinite, Unconcerned, Undecided

She was so intent on cooking that she did not hear the doorbell.

Comply

Verb

(of a person or group) act in accordance with a wish or command.

(अनुपालन करना)

Acquiesce, Give in, Give up, Obey, Observe, Quit

Disobey, Dissuade, Deny, Condemn, Disallow, Disapprove, Fail, Ignore

He did not comply with the Indian standards of packaging.

Wilful

Adjective

Deliberately or Intentional.

Unreasonably stubborn.

(खुदराय)

Conscious, Deliberate, Intentional, Headstrong, Persistent, Perverse, Adamant, Bullheaded, Voluntary

Accidental, Unintentional, Unplanned, Flexible, Unwilling, Involuntary

Rishabh is a wilful defaulter who fled from the country.

Indict

Verb

To charge with an offense or crime.

To charge with a crime by finding of a jury.

(दोषी ठहराने)

Arraign, Censure, Charge, Impeach

Exonerate, Free, Absolve, Acquit

Hemant was indicted by the jury on murder charges.

Espionage

Noun

The act of spying.

The use of spies by a government to discover the military and political secrets of other nations.

(जासूसी/ गुप्तचर्या)

Intelligence, Reconnaissance, Shadowing, Tailing

Honest

Mr. Mukesh was accused of industrial espionage.

Obstruct

Verb

To block with an obstacle.

To interrupt the progress.

(रोकना/ बाड़ डालना/ बाधा डालना/ रुकावट डालना)

Block, Curb, Hamper, Hinder

Advance, Aid, Assist, Encourage

She asked me not to obstruct her way.

Slump

Noun

A substantial decline especially in economic activity.

(मंदी)

Depression, Recession, Collapse, Crash

Ascend, Build, Increase, Boom

The slump of the European stock market today was mainly due to uncertainty.

Verb

To fall or collapse.

(गिर पड़ना)

Collapse, Deteriorate, Droop, Fall

Rise, Increase

Rakesh slumped to the floor suddenly.

 

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Which of the following is not among the Padma Vibhushan Awardee 2023?