The Hindu Vocabulary 23 January 2023

2023-01-23

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 23 January 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Necessary pushback: On the Supreme Court Collegium’s reiteration of recommendations.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Pushback

Noun

A negative or unfavorable reaction or response.

the action of forcing an object backward

(पीछे धकेलना)

Chase away, Confront, Drive off, Dismiss, Repulse, Rebuff, Ward off

Accept, Agree, Approve, Assist, Help, Increase, Sanction

There was pushback on the new policy from the economic community.

Collegium

Noun

A group of ruling officials each with equal rank and power

(अधिशासी मंडल)

-

-

The President will now consider the names recommended by the collegium for the post of Chief Justice.

Reiteration

Noun

The repetition of a process or utterance.

(दुहराव/ पुनरावृत्ति)

Iteration, Repeating, Restatement, Retelling, Recapitulation

-

The reiteration of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas can be noticed in PM Modi’s speeches.

Pose

Verb

Present or constitute (a problem, danger, or difficulty).

(किसी समस्या, खतरे या कठिनाई को गठित करना)

Constitute, Present, Create, Cause, Produce

Refrain, Take, Withhold, Answer, Decrease, Discourage

Climate change and loss of habitat have posed a threat to biodiversity.

Noun

A particular way of standing or sitting is usually adopted for effect or to be photographed, painted, or drawn.

(मुद्रा)

Posture, Position, Stance, Attitude, Bearing

Honesty, Truth, Reality

He asked me to remain in the same pose for two minutes so that a good click could be taken.

Loyalist

Noun

A person who remains loyal to the established ruler or government, especially in the face of a revolt.

(वफादार)

Supporter, Follower, Chauvinist, Patriot

Traitor, Turncoat

We need some loyalists by our side who can stand with us during tides.

Motive

Noun

A reason for doing something, especially one that is hidden or not obvious.

(उद्देश्य)

Aim, Cause, Consideration, Emotion, Idea, Rationale, Passion, Intention

Neglect, Discouragement, Thoughtlessness, Hindrance

It is necessary to find the motive behind the act during investigation.

Contestation

Noun

The action or process of disputing or arguing.

(चुनौती/ मुक़ाबला)

Discussing, Arguing, Debating, Quarrelling

Accept, Agree, Approve, Bear, Adjust, Receive, Welcome

The new bill was tabled in the house for contestation.

Glimpse

Noun

A momentary or partial view.

(झलक)

Flash, Glance, Peek, Impression, Sight

Stare

The preview version will give you a glimpse of the entire book.

Verb

See or perceive briefly or partially

(झलक मिलना)

Catch sight of, See briefly, Notice, Discern, Spot, Spy, Sight, Note, Check out

Stare

Marcos glimpsed a person standing behind the tree.

Untenable

Adjective

Incapable of being defended.

Incapable of being sustained.

Not able to be occupied.

(अस्थिर/ असमर्थनीय)

Illogical, Flawed, Unsupportable, Unsound

Logical, Defendable

I was in an untenable position as I was caught committing the crime.

Impinge

Verb

Trespass

To have an effect

(अतिचार)

Encroach, Infringe, Intrude, Affect, Invade

Leave alone, Avoid, Dodge

One should not impinge upon others privacy.

Ideological

Adjective

Relating to ideology.

(विचारधारा)

Doctrinaire, Ideation, Quixotic, Visionary, Abstract, Cerebral, Imaginative, Analytical

Latitudinarian, Practical, Unsentimental, Broadminded

In today’s world, movies ought to be ideological.

Integrity

Noun

Quality of being honest and having strong moral principles.

(सत्यनिष्ठा)

Honesty, Probity, Uprightness, Righteousness, Sincerity

Deceit, Dishonesty, Corruption, Disgrace

One should maintain integrity even during tough times.

Instance

Noun

A case or occurrence of anything.

(उदाहरण)

Case, Example, Illustration, Prototype

Hide

Abuse of power is an instance of corruption.

Verb

To illustrate or mention as an example.

(उदाहरण के रूप में उद्धृत करें)

Adduce, Cite, Mention, Quote

Hide

He instanced an incident from his life to crack a joke.

Invariably

Adverb

On every occasion.

Always.

Without exception.

(बेबदलता से/ निरपवाद रूप से/ स्थिरता से/ अचलता से)

Always, Constantly, Customarily, Habitually, Regularly, Unfailingly

Never

How can you invariably lie to me?

Opaque

Adjective

Not able to be seen through; not transparent.

Hard to understand

(अपारदर्शक)

Blurred, Cloudy, Dirty, Dull, Gloomy, Arcane, Equivocal, Uncertain, Vague

Certain, Clear, Sure, Definite, Determined, Comprehensible, Understandable

I went to buy an opaque glass for the dressing table.

Regime

Noun

Leadership of organization

(शासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Reign

-

I will follow a strict fitness regime to lose weight.

Judicial

Adjective

About court proceedings.

Ordered by the court.

Sanctioned by a court.

Giving judgment.

Inclined to make judgments.

By a court or a judge.

(अदालती/ न्यायतंत्र/ न्यायालय-संबंधी)

Juridical, Administrative, Authoritative, Constitutional

Illegal

You will be punished if you violate judicial orders.

Appalling

Adjective

Causing dismay or horror.

(भय उत्पन्न करनेवाला)

Alarming, Astounding, Awful, Dire

Beautiful, Calming, Comforting, Delightful

She was in fear after an appalling accident.

Interference

Noun

The action of interfering or the process of being interfered with.

(दखल अंदाजी)

Intervention, Intrusion, Conflict, Obstruction, Hindrance, Tampering

Encouragement, Aid, Assistance, Help

She did not like interference in her cooking.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat