The Hindu Vocabulary 21 January 2023

2023-01-21

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 21 January 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Trade winds: On falling Indian exports.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Falter

Verb

To hesitate in speech, action, or intent.

To walk unsteadily.

(लड़खड़ाना)

Balance, Dither, Scruple, Teeter, Anile, Senile

Certain, Clear, Decisive, Definite

The idea was faltering due to bad implementation.

Steep

Noun

A precipitous place.

A steep place.

(ढालवांपन/ डुबकी)

Declivity, Plunge

Straight

Dehradun is a steep and amazing place.

Adjective

Having an almost vertical slope.

Extreme or incredible.

(तीव्र ढलानवाला)

Abrupt, Arduous, Hilly, Lofty

Gradual, Low, Flat, Gentle

The steep hill in your village is risky.

Verb

To soak in a liquid.

(भिगोना)

Bathe, Drench, Imbue, Immerse

Dehydrate, Dry, Deplete

The recipe for Kebabs includes steeping and baking the vegetables.

Headwind

Noun

Wind in the opposite direction of the course of movement.

A situation that is unfavourable to the course of action.

(विपरीत परिस्थितियों)

Opposite

Support, Catalyst

Many policies of government face headwinds from the public.

Pose

Verb

Present or constitute (a problem, danger, or difficulty).

(किसी समस्या, खतरे या कठिनाई को गठित करना)

Constitute, Present, Create, Cause, Produce

Refrain, Take, Withhold, Answer, Decrease, Discourage

Hunters pose a threat to endangered species.

Noun

A particular way of standing or sitting is usually adopted for effect or to be photographed, painted, or drawn.

(मुद्रा)

Posture, Position, Stance, Attitude, Bearing

Honesty, Truth, Reality

The cricketers were asked to pose for the ad shoot and a photograph in the magazine.

Merchandise

Noun

The commodities and goods that are bought and sold.

(व्यापार)

Commodity, Material, Product, Stock

-

My brother has limited merchandise at his shop.”

Verb

To buy and sell in business.

To promote for sale.

(व्यापार करना)

Vend, Advertise, Market, Deal, Retail

Buy, Purchase

The local traders are merchandising local brands along with Italian brands.

Exaggerate

Verb

Represent (something) as being larger, better, or worse than it really is.

(विस्तृत रूप से वर्णन करना)

Overstate, Emphasise, Stress, Overstress, Overestimate

Underestimate, lower, Degrade, Devalue

He exaggerated his experiences in Somalia.

Alter

Verb

Change or cause to change in character or composition, typically in a comparatively small but significant way.

(बदलना)

Change, Adapt, Amend, Improve, Modify, Convert, Revise, Revamp

Leave alone, Remain, Stagnate, Stay, Continue

Rajesh altered his course of action after receiving funding from investors.

Stutter

Noun

The disordered speech is marked by unintentional interruptions.

(हकलाहट)

Break

Fluent

He took Shyam to a doctor who can cure a mild stutter.

 

Verb

To speak in such a way that there are interruptions or spasms or prolongation of syllables.

(हकलाना)

Sputter, Stammer

Continue, Fluent

My brother stuttered during his childhood.

Geopolitical

Adjective

Relating to geopolitics.

(भू-राजनैतिक)

-

-

India has smartly handled geopolitical matters.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

Both ministers conflicted in the parliament.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

He conflicts with his father over his admission decision.

Amid

Preposition

In the middle of

(बीच में)

Through, Mid, Among, Amongst

Away from, Outside, Beyond, Far from

He picked up the phone call amid an important meeting.

Tumultuous

Adjective

Marked by disturbance and uproar

(अंशातिप्रिय)

Loud, Thunderous, Fierce, Turbulent, Vociferous

Calm, Gentle, Moderate, Peaceful

The tumultuous situation in Sri Lanka has now been calmed.

Instance

Noun

A case or occurrence of anything.

(उदाहरण)

Case, Example, Illustration, Prototype

Hide

The rising number of pending cases in courts is an instance of a high burden on our judiciary.

Verb

To illustrate or mention as an example.

(उदाहरण के रूप में उद्धृत करें)

Adduce, Cite, Mention, Quote

Hide

Shyam instanced his father driving the van when they were getting late for the train.

Sequentially

Adverb

By forming or following a logical order or sequence.

(क्रमिक रूप से)

Successively, Continuously, Progressively, Serially, Constantly, Gently, Deliberately

Abruptly, Fastly, Suddenly

I listed all the topics in the excel sheet sequentially.

Recession

Noun

A period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.

(मंदी)

Downturn, Depression, Slump, Slowdown, Trough, Stagnation

Increase, Success, Rise, Advance, Inflation

Many were expecting a recession by the end of 2022.

Slacken

Verb

Decrease

To make or become less active

(कम करना)

Abate, Diminish, Loosen, Mitigate, Weaken

Extend, Grow, Increase, Intensify, Rise

The price of Crude oil has slackened in the past few months.

Glitch

Noun

A sudden, usually temporary malfunction or fault of the equipment.

(गड़बड़)

Defect, Fault, Snag, Error, Mistake, Blunder, Inaccuracy, Bug

Merit, Strength, Power, Influence, Supremacy, Dominance

There was a technical glitch at the event.

Chug

Verb

To make a short explosive sound.

To move while making a short explosive sound. (फक-फक करना)

Outstrip, Top

Lose, Surrender

The motor chugged when we tried to slow it down.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat