The Hindu Vocabulary 20 January 2023

2023-01-20

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 20 January 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Clarity and purpose: On the BJP’s electoral juggernaut.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Clarity

Noun

The quality of being clear.

The clearness as to understanding.

Free from ambiguity.

(स्पष्टता/ शुद्धता/ सफ़ाई/ सुथराई)

Accuracy, Brightness, Certainty, Directness, Lucidity, Precision, Limpidness, Transparency

Inaccuracy, Dirtiness, Obscurity, Unintelligibility, Cloudiness, Opaqueness

There is a lack of clarity in the documents delivered by you.

Electoral

Adjective

Relating to electors.

Relating to elections.

(निर्वाचन)

Elective, Constituent, Appointing, Appointive

-

There is a need to fasten the electoral process.

Juggernaut

Noun

Any large or overpowering force.

Anything requiring blind devotion.

An idol of Krishna at Puri in Odisha.

(रथ)

Bandwagon, Cause, Movement, Barrage

-

The group became a marketing juggernaut in the business.

Complacent

Adjective

If we describe someone as complacent, then those persons are very much satisfied or pleased with themselves and do not feel that they need to do something about a situation even if a situation demand so. (आत्मसंतुष्ट)

Apathetic, Incurious, Insouciant, Pococurante

Uninterested, Unhappy

You have grown too complacent over the years.

Tactic

Noun

A system or strategy planned to achieve a specific thing.

(रणनीति/ कार्यनीति)

Ploy, Gambit, Stratagem

-

The tactics used by you to get the project are unethical.

Unveil

Noun

To remove the covering or veil from something.

To disclose.

To become revealed by removing the cover.

(संकट)

Disclose, Display, Open, Tell, Bare, Betray, Discover, Divulge

Conceal, Cover, Secrete, Veil, Withhold, Protect, Hide, Cloak, Conceal, Mask

Home Minister unveiled the statue of the freedom fighter at the chowk.

Executive

Noun

Someone who is employed by a business at a senior level.

The person or persons in which the supreme executive power of a government is vested.

The executive branch of a government.

(कार्यपालक/ कार्यकारिणी शक्ति/ शासनात्मक सत्ता)

Administration, Administrator, Official, Supervisor, Boss, Chief, Commander, Director

Employee, Follower, Worker

Manish is the executive director on the board.

Adjective

Relating to the execution of laws and the conduct of public affairs.

Of or relating to an executive.

Relating to carrying out plans.

(कार्यकारी/ शासनात्मक)

Managerial, Governing, Ruling, Controlling, Directorial

Subordinate, Nonmanagerial, Nonsupervisory

Governor is the executive head of the state of India.

Tenure

Noun

The holding of anything like a position or office.

Status granted to an employee.

(कार्यकाल)

Tenancy, Incumbency, Term of office, Residence, Possession

Misconception, Misunderstanding, Release

The tenure of the Chairman has been extended for one year.

Verb

Give (someone) a permanent post, especially as a teacher or lecturer.

(किसी को स्थायी पद देना, विशेषकर शिक्षक या व्याख्याता के रूप में।)

-

-

He was tenured as a lecturer in the new college.

Immense

Adjective

Huge or Very great.

(अत्यधिक)

Colossal, Enormous, Galactic, Mammoth

Bantam, Diminutive, Teensy, Wee

Mishika inherited an immense fortune from her father.

Unprecedented

Adjective

Never done or known before.

(अपूर्व)

Unparalleled, Unequalled, Unmatched, Unrivalled

Normal, Common, Ordinary, Usual

In these unprecedented times, the emphasis should be on saving resources.

Singlehandedly

Adverb

In a single-handed manner.

Working alone.

(अकेले ही)

Courageously, Unassisted, Completely, Entirely

Jointly, Incompletely, Indefinitely, Partially

Narendra Modi singlehandedly moved the entire country towards BJP.

Relentless

Adjective

Remaining strict or determined

(दयाहीन)

Determined, Dogged, Ferocious, Harsh

Compassionate, Easy, Gentle, Flexible

The relentless cold in the North has caused us to suffer from Common Cold.

Contender

Noun

A person or group competing with others to achieve something.

(प्रतियोगी)

Adversary, Challenger, Competition, Contestant, Opponent

Ally, Associate, Helper

Rajesh is a good contender for the post of Manager.

Emerge

Verb

To come out.

To come into view.

To arise.

(उभरना/ प्रकट होना)

Appear, Arrive, Crop up, Derive

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Fall

He emerged out of nowhere and hit our car on the road.

Governance

Noun

The act of governing a country or organization.

A method of government.

(शासन)

Administration, Control, Law, Politics

Impotence, Opposition, Surrender, Incapacity

Nowadays, governance is required to give good guidance to the bureaucrats to implement the policies on the ground.

Mobilisation

Noun

The act or process of preparing something for action.

(गतिमान करना)

Rally, Active service, Assemblage, Compilation. Lot

Division, Individual, Separation

The government has ordered the mobilisation of NDRF and SDRF teams for the Joshi math crisis.  

Persistent

Adjective

Lasting tenaciously.

Constantly repeated.

(दृढ़)

Constant, Continual, Endless, Patient

Broken, Ceasing, Disloyal, Terminable

The Manager was amazed by his persistent efforts.

Outreach

Noun

If we describe a program as outreach, it means that the program tries to reach out to people who need help or advice rather than waiting for those people to come and ask for it.

(पहुँचने की क्रिया)

Outstrip, Top

Lose, Surrender

Rajkumar is responsible for the campaign’s low outreach.

 

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Which of the following is not among the Padma Vibhushan Awardee 2023?