The Hindu Vocabulary 14 January 2023

2023-01-14

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 14 January 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘The first of the four: On the 2023 Australian Open.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Transient

 

Noun

A person who is staying at a place only for a short time.

(वह व्यक्ति जो किसी स्थान पर थोड़े समय के लिए ही ठहरता हो।)

-

-

We received so many transients at our hotel.

Adjective

Not lasting.

Lasting only a short duration.

(अनित्य/ क्षणस्थायी)

Ephemeral, Fleeting, Transitory, Flash

Enduring, Lasting, Permanent, Lengthy

The cold and flu are transient these days and get cured in one week.

Ought

Verb

Used to indicate duty or correctness, typically when criticizing someone's actions.

(अवश्य होना)

Accountability, Agreement, Bond, Burden, Commitment, Constraint

Asset, Disagreement, Disbelief, Irresponsibility, Misunderstanding

You ought to help those in need.

Perennially

Adverb

In a way that lasts or exists for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring.

(सदाबहार/ निरंतर/ हमेशा/ सदा)

Perpetually, Eternally, Unendingly

Ending, Finish, Close, Closing

Paneer recipes are perennially popular among vegetarians.

Legislature

Noun

The legislative body of a country or state.

(विधान मंडल)

Chamber, House, Parliament, Body, Council, Assembly, Diet, Senate, House of the representatives

-

Many states in India have a bicameral legislature.

Despite

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

He forgot his assignment despite knowing it was the last day to submit it.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

Ashwani helped his friend out of despite.

Intense

Adjective

Of extreme force, degree, or strength.

Having or showing strong feelings or opinions; extremely earnest or serious.

(गहन)

Acute, Deep, Energetic, Excessive, Extreme, Fierce, Violent

Aboveboard, Agreeable, Blunt, Calm, Dull, Gentle, Indistinct

Meera had intense feelings for me, but she could not express them.

Unprecedented

Adjective

Never done or known before.

(अपूर्व)

Unparalleled, Unequalled, Unmatched, Unrivalled

Normal, Common, Ordinary, Usual

The unprecedented outcome was the failure of the project.

Lockdown

Noun

A restriction policy for people, community or a country to stay where they are, usually due to specific risks that could possibly harm the people if they move and interact freely.

(लॉकडाउन)

-

-

The rising cases of COVID pandemic can provoke lockdown in India.

Deportation

Noun

the action of deporting a foreigner from a country.

(निर्वासन)

Expulsion, Banishment, Exile, Transportation, Extradition, Refoulement

Welcoming, Approval, Permission

Many asylum seekers from Myanmar are facing deportation.

Unsavoury

Adjective

Unpleasant in taste or smell.

Objectionable or distasteful.

(बेस्वाद/ फीका/ फीका/ फीका)

Distasteful, Nasty, Objectionable, Obnoxious, Dull, Flavourless, Gross, Icky, Shady, Unappetizing, Unpalatable

Agreeable, Appetizing, Delicious, Delightful, Good, Great, Kind, Nice, Palatable, Pleasant

He made unsavoury concessions to us to get our patent product.

Mar

Verb

To damage or harm.

(हानि करना)

Blight, Bruise, Harm, Impair

Aid, Assist, Build, Clean

The global economy had marred down due to the COVID pandemic.

Unshackled

Verb

release from shackles, chains, or other physical restraints.

(स्थिर होना)

Clear, Discharge, Relieve, Rescue, Exempt

Fasten, Load, Fill, Burden

The new idea will help us to unshackle the complex process of production.

Reign

Noun

Royal authority.

The period during which a sovereign occupies the throne.

Dominating influence.

(शासन/ राज/ राज्य-काल/ शासन-राज्य)

Dynasty, Regime, Tenure, Administration, Control, Empire, Hegemony, Ascendancy

Impotence, Incapacity, Powerlessness, Inferiority

During the reign of Harshavardhana, Hiuen Tsang visited India.

Verb

To possess sovereign power.

To hold the position and name of sovereign without exercising the ruling power.

To have control.

(राज्य करना/ शासन करना)

Dominate, Govern, Occupy, Predominate, Administer, Boss, Command, Helm, Influence, Manage, Obtain

Surrender, Follow, Submit, Serve, Yield, Mismanage

No country has a right to reign over another country.

Era

Noun

A long and distinct period of history with a particular feature or characteristic.

(युग)

Epoch, Age, Period, Time, Span

-

The retirement of Sania Mirza marks the end of an era in Indian tennis.

Emerge

Verb

To come out.

To come into view.

To arise.

(उभरना/ प्रकट होना)

Appear, Arrive, Crop up, Derive

Abandon, Decrease, Disappear, Fall

She has emerged as the best player of the year.

Maiden

Noun

A young unmarried girl.

(कन्या/ लड़की/ युवती वालिका)

Damsel, Girl, Maid, Miss

-

My father told me a story about a maiden and her mother.

Adjective

Relating to an unmarried girl.

First.

(प्रथम/ अविवाहिता/ नई/ शुद्ध)

Inaugural, Introductory, Beginning, First, Initial, Pioneer, Primary, Prime, Fresh

Final, Last, Concluding, Latest

The maiden issue of the magazine was a hit.

Stranglehold

Noun

Choke/
a place where a particular cause or belief is strongly defended or upheld.

(बोलबाला/ शिकंजा)

 

Grip, Monopoly, Restrict, Suppress

-

The major political parties have an enormous stranglehold over regional politics.

 

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Question Of The Day

Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat