The Hindu Vocabulary 13 January 2023

2023-01-13

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 13 January 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Peru in peril: On the political crisis in the South American country.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Peril

Noun

Something that may be harmful or cause injury or damage.

(जोखिम)

Hazard, Menace, Pitfall, Threat

Certainty, Protection, Security

While driving in the given car with foggy conditions, we faced the perils of badly lit fog lights.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

He has finally overcome his financial crisis.

Threshold

Noun

The point after which something changes or begins.

(सीमा)

Brink, Verge, Door, Outset

Middle, Completion, Conclusion, End

Many people think that the cryptocurrency market has reached its threshold.

Incident

Noun

An event or occurrence

(घटना)

Circumstance, Episode, Fact, Scene, Event, Adventure

-

The recent incident caused serious psychological damage to all of us.

Adjective

Likely to happen because of; resulting from.

(विशेष रूप से एक मामूली परिणाम के रूप में होने की संभावना)

Accompanying, Attending, Concomitant

Asynchronous, Non-Synchronous, Nonsimultaneous

She was made head of the post-incident analysis team.

Personnel

Noun

A body of persons employed in an organization or a factory.

A department in an organization that deals with matters related to employees.

(कार्मिक/ कर्मचारी वर्ग/ अमला)

Cadre, Crew, Group, Organization, Staff, People, Troop, Workforce, Manpower

-

Personnel management is a very critical part of any business.

Predecessor

Noun

A person who precedes another in the office.

Ancestor.

(पूर्वज/ पुरखा/ पूर्ववर्ती/ पूर्वाधिकारी)

Antecedent, Archetype, Daddy, Foregoer, Forerunner, Forebear, Former, Antecedent

Derivative, Descendant, Successor

I have to carry forward the great legacy left by my predecessors.

Unite

Verb

To join.

To cause to adhere.

To cause to be in a state of mutual sympathy.

To become joined together.

(मिलाना/ जोड़ना/ एक होना/ सम्मिलित करना)

Consolidate, Cooperate, Join, Link

Disconnect, Disjoin, Divide, Part

Our family is now united after so many disputes.

Stabilize

Verb

To make stable.

To make firm.

(स्थिर बनाना/ दृढ़ करना)

Balance, Fix, Maintain, Preserve

Destroy, Forget, Hurt, Ignore

He is very happy with the stabilized cost of living in his new city.

Chronic

Adjective

Never-ending

(दीर्घकालिक)

Constant, Continuous, Sustained, Deep-rooted, Incurable

Ceasing, Ending, Halting, Curable

My brother faces chronic indigestion.

Maze

Noun

A confusing network of paths or passages.

A maze of streets, rooms, or paths is a larger number of them connected in a complicated and confusing way so that it becomes difficult for anyone to go and come out of it.

(भूल भुलैया/ उलझन)

Bewilderment, Convolution, Entanglement, Hodgepodge

Certainty, Line, Order, Organization

We went to a maze in Lucknow.

Negotiate

Verb

To deal or bargain with others in preparing a contract or a deal as a preliminary to a business deal.

To arrange for settlements of terms.

(मोल-भाव करना)

Agree, Arrange, Confer, Consult

Confuse, Contend, Disagree, Deny

He was sent on behalf of the company to negotiate a deal.

Impeachment

Noun

The impeaching of a public official.

The process of charging with a crime that someone has done and makes them unfit for the office.

(आयात सामग्री का)

Allegation, Complaint, Denunciation, Indictment, Recrimination, Arraignment, Criticism, Animadversion

Acquittal, Approval, Praise, Commendation, Endorsement, Flattery, Harmony, Compliment, Ratification

It is not easy to get a president to undergo an impeachment process.

Trigger

Verb

To cause to happen

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bring about, Generate, Cause, Provoke

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

My mother accused Narendra of triggering a discussion.

Drastic

Adjective

Extremely severe.

Acting rapidly.

(भीषण/ कठोर)

Dire, Forceful

Nice, Calm, Collected, Easy

They have made drastic changes to make the equipment work.

Consequence

Noun

A conclusion through logic.

Something produced by a cause following a set of conditions.

The outcome of something.

Importance or significance.

Importance in position.

(परिणाम/ महत्त्व/ नतीजा/ फल)

Aftereffect, Aftermath, Effect, Fallout, Issue, End, Reaction, Repercussion, Concern, Magnitude, Need, Value, Distinction, Eminence

Insignificance, Lowliness, Unimportance, Beginning, Triviality, Cause, Origin, Source

There is going to be no consequence after all these efforts.

Successor

Noun

A person or thing that follows.

(उत्तराधिकारी)

Replacement, Beneficiary, Descendant, Follower

-

Many politicians want their family persons to be their successors.

Usurper

Verb

Someone who seizes someone else's position or power by force or without any legal right to do so. (हड़पनेवाला)

Autocrat, Boss, Chief, Commander

Employee, Follower, Worker

The usurper king gathered his army and laid siege to the neighbouring kingdom.

Legitimate

Verb

To make lawful.

To establish as lawfully born.

(न्याय्य करना/ कानूनी करना)

Legitimize, Privilege, License, Entitle

Invalidate, Disqualify, Proscribe, Disempower

He is now regretting and seeking help to legitimate his unlawful business.

Adjective

According to the law.

By established law.

(वैध/ कानूनी)

Appropriate, Certain, Consistent, Correct

Abnormal, Affected, Counterfeit, Deceptive

Kamlesh is a good fellow and he runs many legitimate businesses.

Oust

Verb

Drive out or expel (someone) from a position or place.

(बाहर निकालना)

Expel, Throw out, Remove, Depose, Topple, Overturn

Admit, Welcome, Accept, Appreciate

Rajesh was ousted from his post without any prior information.

Enormous

Adjective

Greatly exceeding the common size.

Marked by extraordinary number.

(विशाल/ बहुत बड़ा/ असाधारण/ अमित)

Colossal, Excessive, Gargantuan, Gigantic, Huge, Humongous, Immense, Mammoth

Common, Insignificant, Little, Miniature

Rahul and his family live in an enormous house.

Restore

Verb

To bring back into use.

To put again in possession of something.

(पुनर्स्थापित करना/ लौटाना/ वापस देना/ सुधारना)

Bring back, Improve, Modernize, Rebuild

Damage, Decline, Destroy, Harm

He wanted to restore his family’s legacy through his success.

Constitutional

Adjective

relating to an established set of principles governing a state.

(संवैधानिक)

relating to someone's physical or mental condition.

(शरीर रचना संबंधी)

Democratic, Lawful, Legal, Statutory, Representative, Chartered, Essential, Fundamental, Native, Natural, Inherent, Organic

Illegal, Illicit, Unlawful, Illegitimate, Unnatural, Learned

The constitutional bodies in India have a major role to play.

Shrijeet has a constitutional weakness on his shoulders.

Reform

Noun

The action or process of reforming an institution or practice.

(सुधार)

Improvement, Betterment, Amelioration, Refinement, Change

-

His suggested reforms were rejected by the authority.

Verb

Make changes in (something, typically a social, political, or economic institution or practice) to improve it.

(सुधार करना)

Amend, Improve, Rebuild, Rehabilitate, Remake, Renovate

Break, Damage, Destroy, Ruin, Harm, Hurt

They have decided to reform all the old laws.

Confrontation

Noun

A face-to-face meeting.

The clashing of forces or ideas.

(आमना-सामना)

Battle, Contest, Crisis, Meeting, Dispute, Combat, Conflict, War

Agreement, Calm, Peace

The victim ran towards the accused during their confrontation at the police station.

Legislature

Noun

The legislative body of a country or state.

(विधान मंडल)

Chamber, House, Parliament, Body, Council, Assembly, Diet, Senate, House of the representatives

-

The state legislature will discuss the matter in the next session.

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Which of the following is not among the Padma Vibhushan Awardee 2023?