The Hindu Vocabulary 12 January 2023

2023-01-12

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 12 January 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Reckless spree: On Joshimath sinking.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Reckless

Adjective

(of a person or their actions) without thinking or caring about the consequences of an action.

(लापरवाह)

Rash, Careless, Hasty, Thoughtless, Incautious, Heedless, Hotheaded

Attentive, Kind, Careful, Cautious, Fearful, Mindful

I am warning you against reckless driving on highways.

Spree

Noun

An unrestrained indulgence in an activity.

(आनंद का उत्सव)

Binge, Fling, Frisk, Frolic, Orgy

-

Everyone is hoping that the Indian team will continue its winning spree till the world cup.

Sink

Verb

To displace part of the volume of a supporting substance and become totally or partially submerged.

To fall or drop.

To become engulfed.

To disappear from view.

(डूबना/ अस्त होना/ छिपना/ मूल्य में कमी आना)

Capsize, Decline, Descend, Dig

Ascend, Increase, Raise, Rise

The share price of IT companies is sinking.

Heed

Verb

Pay attention to

(ध्यान देना)

Hear, Listen, Observe, Obey, Note, See, Attend

Ignore, Disregard, Misunderstand, Neglect, Overlook

The Prime Minisheedsheed to basic needs of a common man.

Subsidence

Noun

The act or process of subsiding.

The gradual sinking of landforms to a lower level due to the earth’s movements.

(घटाव/ घटती/ न्यूनता/ विलेप)

Abatement, Decline, Decrease, Discount

Enlargement, Increase, Rise

Subsidence of land in Uttarakhand has become a national issue.

Emblematic

Adjective

Pertaining to symbolism.

Relating to an emblem.

(प्रतीकात्मक)

Typical, Characteristic, Emblematical, Exemplary

Actual, Nonsymbolic, Literal

The white feathers in the logo of the organization are emblematic of the organization’s mission to bring peace.

Manifest

Verb

Show (a quality or feeling) by one's acts or appearance; demonstrate.

(प्रकट)

Display, Show, Present, Reveal, Evince

Hide, Conceal, Detain, Cover

The two parties manifested that they don’t want to reach a point where there is no scope for a compromise.

Substantial

Adjective

Of ample amount.

Of solid character.

(संतोषजनक/ वास्तविक/ भौतिक/ तात्त्विक)

Big, Consequential, Considerable, Extraordinary

Broken, Inconsiderable, Insignificant, Intermittent

He has lost a substantial sum of money in gambling.

Cease

Verb

To come to an end.

To bring an activity to an end.

(बंद करना/ समाप्त करना)

Desist, Discontinue, Fail, Halt

Begin, Complete, Continue, Do

She asked us to cease our quarrel.

Noun

Cessation of something.

(समाप्ति)

End, Stop

Begin, Continuation

The noise continued for hours without cease.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

Many regions in the world have seen communal violence and crisis in the past.

Bypass

Verb

Avoid or circumvent (an obstacle or problem).

(से बचने)

Avoid, Evade, Dodge, Escape, Elude, Circumvent

Consider, Contemplate, Examine, Review, Appraise

He has decided to bypass the investigation by some legal means.

Sustainable

Adjective

Able to be maintained at a certain rate or level.

(सतत)

Maintain, Uphold, Preserve, Protect, Keep, Nurture

Ruin, Destroy, Debilitate, Abandon, Relinquish

It is time to rethink our sustainable models of development and the limits which need to be followed while planning.

Trigger

Verb

To cause to happen

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bring about, Generate, Cause, Provoke

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

The violence was triggered by the politician’s speech.

Enforcement

Noun

The act of imposing upon some person.

(प्रवर्तन)

Administration, Application, Imposition, Prosecution

Abandon, Disregard, Forgetfulness, Neglect

The tax department and law enforcement agencies are planning to run an inquiry into the company.

Restoration

Noun

An act of bringing back to a former condition.

(मरम्मत)

Rebuilding, Reclamation, Recovery, Rehabilitation, Renewal, Renovation

Destruction, Abolition, Damage, Neglect

He was planning a restoration of his old car.

Undertake

Verb

A group of two or more acting in conjunction.

(आरंभ करना/ वचन देना/ साहय करना/ दायित्व लेना)

Begin, Commence, Devote, Guarantee, Initiate, Launch, Offer, Shoulder

Cease, End, Finish, Complete, Conclude, Deny

He decided to undertake the shut project.

Plunder

Verb

To rob of goods by open force as in war or hostile raids.

To take wrongfully.

(लूटना/ चुराना/ लूटपाट करना/ डाका डालना)

Devastate, Liberate, Loot, Pillage

Give, Aid, Guard, Help

The invaders plundered our cultural artifacts.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat