The Hindu Vocabulary 11 January 2023

2023-01-11

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 11 January 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘A riot of losers: On the violence of Jair Bolsonaro supporters in Brazil’.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Concede

Verb

To acknowledge as true.

To grant as a right.

(स्वीकार करना/ मना लेना/ कबूल करना/ कुछ सत्य)

Accept, Admit, Allow, Capitulate

Defend, Deny, Disallow, Disapprove

He finally conceded his defeat.

Inauguration

Noun

An act of inaugurating.

(उद्घाटन)

Commencement, Inaugural, Induction, Initiation

Conclusion, End, Finish, Ending

He was invited as a chief guest in the inauguration ceremony.

Trinity

Noun

The Christian godhead – the union of three persons (father, son, and holy spirit) in one godhead.

(ईसाई देवता - एक देवत्व में तीन व्यक्तियों (पिता, पुत्र और पवित्र आत्मा) का मिलन।)

Three, Triad, Trilogy, Trine

-

These three buildings are the trinity of our belief.

Reminiscent

Adjective

Tending to remind one of something.

(संकोची)

Evocative, Redolent, Similar, Implicative, Mnemonic, Nostalgic

Forgetful, Oblivious

The sight of youngsters enjoying themselves in the snow was reminiscent of my childhood.

Flirt

Verb

To move erratically.

To behave amorously without serious intent.

To show superficial liking.

To come close to experiencing something.

(इश्कबाज़ी करना/ झटके से फेंकना/ हंसी उड़ाना/ वेग से हिलना)

Tease, Banter, Coquet, Dally

Be faithful

All of them were flirting all night.

Peddle

Verb

To carry from place to place for sale at retail.

To deal out in small quantities.

(तंग करना/ अधिक प्रार्थना करना/ फुटकर बेचना/ छोटी बातों में लगना)

Hawk, Solicit, Canvas, Huckster

Buy, Pull

Rajesh was peddling without a license.

Fringe

Noun

A decorative border of thread, cord or usually hanging loosely from an edge.

An outer edge.

(झब्बे/ झब्बेदार किनारा/ फुंदने/ किनारा)

Brink, Edge, Hem, Outskirts

Center, Inside, Interior, Middle

He bought a lampshade with a fringe.

Dictatorship

Noun

A country or a form of government where absolute power is exercised by a dictator.

(अधिनायकत्व/ तानाशाही/ अधिनायकवाद/ एकसत्तावाद)

Authoritarianism, Autocracy, Totalitarianism, Tyranny

Democracy

The main reason for Pakistan’s backwardness is a dictatorship for so many years.

Empower

Verb

To give power by legal means.

To enable or permit.

(सशक्तिकरण/ अधिकार देना)

Allow, Entitle, Entrust, Grant

Deny, Disallow, Disapprove, Refuse

Wealth empowered him to invest wherever he want.

Invade

Verb

Enter someone's land or property without permission to occupy it.

(आक्रमण करना)

Trespass, Infringe, Exploit, Offend, Enter, Conquer, Pervade

Leave, Withdraw, Quit, Abandon, Vacate

My brother told me that he feels like his freedom has been invaded by the guests.

Ally

Noun

Something united with another

(मित्र)

Associate, Colleague, Friend, Partner, Co-worker, Collaborator

Antagonist, Enemy, Foe, Opponent, Detractor

He counts me as his closest ally.

Verb

To combine or unite a resource or commodity with (another) for mutual benefit.

(मैत्री करना)

Combine, Merge, Amalgamate, Join

Break up, Disband, Abandon

Suresh has allied with a friend of mine to start a new business.

Federal

Adjective

Pertaining to the nature of a union of states under a central government distinct from the individual governments of the separate states.

(संघीय/ संधात्मक/ संयुक्त)

Amalgamated, Associated, Combined, Federated

-

In the USA, salaried persons pay federal as well as state and local taxes.

Stability

Noun

The state or quality of being stable.

(स्थिरता)

Balance, Cohesion, Establishment, Security

Doubt, Instability, Spinelessness, Uncertainty

He wants financial stability in his life.

Maturity

Noun

The state of being mature.

Full development.

(परिपक्वता)

Adulthood, Majority, Ability, Experience

Ignorance, Impotence, Incompetence, Stoppage

My mother thinks that my elder brother is superior to me in terms of maturity and responsibility.

Probe

Noun

A crucial investigation.

(तहक़ीक़ात)

Examination, Exploration, Inquest, Research

Answer, Misunderstand

The CBI probe is demanded in the murder mystery.

Verb

To search and explore thoroughly.

(परख करना)

Dig, Examine, Inquire, Penetrate

Ignore, Reply

The IT department probed into his personal life by checking his browsing and other details.

Culprit

Noun

A person responsible for an offense.

(अपराधी)

Criminal, Felon, Fugitive, Miscreant

Police

It should be the judiciary, not the media, who can punish a culprit.

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Question Of The Day

Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat