The Hindu Vocabulary 2 September 2022

2022-09-02

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 2 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Flogging the dead: On Jayalalithaa death and the probe panel’s report.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Flogging

Noun

A beating with a whip or scourge.

A beating with a whip repeatedly.

(जिस्मानी सज़ा/ दण्डरूप में बेंत की मार)

Whipping, Beating, Caning, Flagellation

-

In earlier times, public flogging was a common punishment.

Probe

Noun

A crucial investigation.

(तहक़ीक़ात)

Examination, Exploration, Inquest, Research

Answer, Misunderstand

The CBI probe is required in the murder case.

Verb

To search and explore thoroughly.

(परख करना)

Dig, Examine, Inquire, Penetrate

Ignore, Reply

The security department probed everything in his life before hiring him.

Isolation

Noun

Seclusion

(अलगाव)

Separation, Segregation, Quarantine, Insulation, Confinement

-

He has lived for months in isolation.

Precondition

Verb

To put in a proper or desired condition of mind.

(शर्त लगाना)

-

-

They were preconditioning the surface to receive paint.

Noun

Prerequisite.

(पूर्व शर्त)

Arrangement, Essential, Necessity, Prerequisite

Nonessential

You are rejected since you don’t meet the essential precondition.

Acquiesce

Verb

To submit silently or without protest.

To agree.

(संतुष्ट होना)

Accede, Comply, Concur, Conform

Rebuff, Refuse, Reject, Dissent

He is not someone who will be ready to acquiesce to doubts in a plan.

Purport

Verb

To present the appearance falsely.

(अर्थ लगाना/ तात्पर्थ बतलाना/ दावा करना)

Imply, Pretend, Profess, Allege, Betoken, Claim

Conceal, Disclaim, Hide, Deny

There is no need to purport what you are not and never could become.

Noun

The meaning or sense.

Meaning conveyed.

(मुराद/ अभिप्राय/ मुद्दा)

Acceptation, Aim, Bearing, Burden, Drift, Message

Exterior, Insignificance, Outside, Meaninglessness

The purport of your advice is very difficult to understand.

Antagonist

Noun

A person who competes with another person.

The adversary of the hero or protagonist.

(प्रतिपक्षी/ प्रतिद्वंद्वी)

Adversary, Enemy, Foe, Contender

Ally, Helper, Associate, Assistant

The movie hero has never lost to their antagonists.

Aide

Noun

An assistant or helper.

(सहयोगी/ अंगरक्षक)

Assistant, Deputy, Supporter, Abettor

Boss, Leader

He served as a close aide to the Prime Minister.

Intent

Noun

Intention or purpose

(इरादा)

Aim, Goal, Target, Objective

-

His intent seems to be not in favour of us.

Adjective

Directed with strained or eager attention.

(तत्पर)

 

Decided, Hell-bent, Preoccupied, Resolved

Flexible, Indefinite, Unconcerned, Undecided

Tanu was so intent to complete her homework that she forgot to drink water.

Umpteen

Adjective

Very many.

Innumerable.

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

We were taught to say How are you in umpteen different languages.

Depose

Verb

To testify under oath.

To remove from a throne or a position.

(निकाल देना/ हटाना/ गवाही देना)

Dethrone, Dismiss, Demote, Impeach

Allow, Promote, Obey, Upgrade

The public deposed the dictator.

Interregnum

Noun

Any period of freedom from the usual authority.

Any pause or interruption in continuity.

The time during which a throne is vacant.

(अंतर्काल/ दो शासनों के बीच का काल/ दो राजाए के भीतर समय)

Discontinuity, Gap, Intermission, Interruption

Continuation, Continuity

Democracy works in an interregnum between the dictatorship in our neighbouring nation.

Politicking

Noun

Activity undertaken for political reasons or otherwise promoting one’s policies.

(राजनीति)

Candidature

-

The politicking in the party at the central level is extremely intense.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?