The Hindu Vocabulary 3 September 2022

2022-09-03

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 3 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Slow improvement: On first quarter GDP growth.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Fiscal

Adjective

Relating to the public revenues.

(राजकोषीय)

Monetary, Financial, Budgetary, Economic

-

The fiscal deficit is going to be recovered in the next quarter.

Spur

Noun

Anything that urges to action.

(प्रेरणा/ महमेज़)

Activation, Actuation, Catalyst, Excitant

Block, Deterrent, Discouragement, Hindrance

The threat of losing the election was the spur the elected representative needed to work for the public.

Verb

To proceed hurriedly.

To incite to action.

(प्रोत्साहित करना/ उभाड़ना)

Arouse, Drive, Propel, Push

Calm, Check, Discourage, Dissuade

The hope of an appraisal spurred the workers to work hard.

Circumstance

Noun

A condition.

An inevitable condition.

(परिस्थिति/ स्थिति/ घटना/ हालत)

Hyperbole, Oratory, Address, Bombast

Quiet, Conciseness

The circumstances that he is facing cannot be avoided.

Verb

To place in particular circumstances.

(विशेष परिस्थितियों में लगाने के लिए ।)

-

-

He has been circumstanced favourably after he has received two job offers.

Ostensibly

Adverb

Apparently and Seemingly

 (प्रकट रूप से)

Evidently, Presumably, Putatively, Supposedly

Improbably, Obscurely, Unlikely

Roshan was supposed to submit his documents by 2 PM, but ostensibly he is not submitting them.

Disconcertingly

Adverb

In a manner that causes uneasiness.

(एक तरह से जो बेचैनी का कारण बनता है |/ निराशाजनक रूप से)

Unsettling, Anxious, Discomforting, Perturbing

Settling, Reassuring, Satisfying, Encouraging

He accepted our plans disconcertingly.

Headwind

Noun

Wind in the opposite direction of the course of movement.

A situation that is unfavourable to the course of action.

(विपरीत परिस्थितियों)

Opposite

Support, Catalyst

Many decisions of government face headwinds from the public.

Recession

Noun

A period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.

(मंदी)

Downturn, Depression, Slump, Slowdown, Trough, Stagnation

Increase, Success, Rise, Advance, Inflation

The recession in the last decade caused a loss of jobs at a mass level.

Underwhelm

Verb

To fail to impress.

(अभिभूत)

Disappoint, Disenchant, Dismay, Baffle

Impress

After so much of hype, critics were underwhelmed by the movie.

Erode

Noun

To diminish.

To eat into.

To undergo erosion.

(खत्म/नष्ट करना)

Corrode, Eat, Fret, Gnaw

Grow, Develop

The waves have eroded the cliffs along the beach.

Sequential

Adjective

Forming or following in a logical order or sequence.

(क्रमबद्ध)

Subsequent, Consecutive, Constant, Continuous, Following

Nonsequential

The Manager asked me to arrange all the files in a sequential manner.

Intensive

Adjective

Characterized by intensity.

(गहन/ सघन)

Accelerated, Thorough, Comprehensive

Superficial, Incomplete, Incomprehensive

The master’s course was highly paced and intensive.

Flatter

Verb

To try to please by complimentary remarks.

To praise excessively.

(चापलूसी करना/ बढ़ाना चढ़ाना)

Charm, Blandish, Adorn, Beautify

Condemn, Ignore, Disfigure, Mar

She flattered him by praising his physique again and again.

Deceive

Verb

To falsely persuade others.

(धोखा देना/ झूठ बोलना)

Betray, Cheat, Circumvent, Defraud

Aid, Assist, Help, Protect

The dealer deceived the customer about the condition of the property.

Bulwark

Noun

A defensive wall.

(बांध)

Wall, Guard, Defense, Support, Supporter

Enemy, Foe, Adversary, Rival, Nemesis, Antagonist

The Indian Army is a Bulwark against all enemy attacks.

Undermine

Verb

Lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.

(दुर्बल करना)

Subvert, Sabotage, Threaten, Weaken, Diminish

Push, Urge, Stimulate, Boost, Enhance, Improve, Strengthen

His authority was undermined by his father in the Business.

Erratic

Adjective

Having no fixed course or pattern.

Inconcistent or irregular.

Transported from an original resting place by a glacier.

(अनियमित/ अस्थिर/ अनियत)

Abnormal, Arbitrary, Bizarre, Capricious, Eccentric, Inconsistent, Irregular, Aberrant, Anomalous, Changeable, Desultory, Volatile, Weird

Calm, Common, Normal, Reasonable, Standard, Steadfast, Steady, Unchanging, Regular, Sensible, Stable

The erratic nature of the share market causes problems for new traders.

Scattershot

Adjective

Delivered over a wide area.

Broadly and often randomly inclusive.

(स्कैटरशॉट)

-

-

We have witnessed scattershot attacks on the proposed program.

Disruptive

Adjective

Disrupting some process or activity.

(हानिकारक/ तबाह करनेवाला)

Disturbing, Rowdy, Troublesome, Unruly

Calming, Disciplined, Settling, Soothing

There has been disruptive weather for a few days and it is impacting our business.

Merchandise

Noun

The commodities and goods that are bought and sold.

(व्यापार)

Commodity, Material, Product, Stock

-

She is opening a retail store with merchandise from all major brands.

Verb

To buy and sell in business.

To promote for sale.

(व्यापार करना)

Vend, Advertise, Market, Deal, Retail

Buy, Purchase

They have a plan to merchandise their local brand with the global brand.

Notwithstanding

Preposition

In spite of.

(भले ही)

Nevertheless, Nonetheless, Withal, After all

-

Notwithstanding the poor results of this quarter, investors have shown trust.

Adverb

Nevertheless.

Anyway.

(इसके बावजूद)

Nevertheless, Nonetheless, Withal, Yet

-

You have missed the train, we are asking you to go with us by car notwithstanding.

Conjunction

In spite the fact that.

(हालांकि)

Although

-

Your company had no online presence, notwithstanding the fact that you were in business for five years.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?