The Hindu Vocabulary 4 September 2022

2022-09-04

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 5 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Wind in the sail: On INS Vikrant.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Milestone

Noun

A significant point in development.

A stone acting as a milepost.

(मील का पत्थर)

Climacteric, Climax, Anniversary, Breakthrough, Discovery

-

India has achieved so many milestones in the cricket in last decade.

Indigenous

Adjective

Originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.

(स्वदेशी)

Native, Original, Local, First, Initial, Ancient, Aboriginal

Expatriate, Migrant, Adventitious, Emigrant, Migrant, Non-native

INS Vikrant is an indigenous warship.

Viable

Adjective

Capable of living.

Capable of working.

(जीवक्षम)

Applicable, Feasible, Workable, Possible

Impossible, Unlikely, Unfeasible, Unachievable

It is not viable for me to join you in this venture.

Reliance

Noun

Dependence on someone or something.

The act of relying on something.

(भरोसा)

Anchor, Pillar, Dependance, Assurance, Belief, Credence

Disbelief, Doubt, Misgiving, Distrust

India has always been a friend to many countries over the last few decades, this is helpful in not having excessive reliance on anyone.

Critical

Adjective

Inclined to criticize severely.

Exercising judicious evaluation.

Of the nature of a crisis.

Some important juncture.

(गंभीर/ आलोचनात्मक/ नाजुक/ फुलाना/ आलोचनावादी)

Demanding, Analytical, Belittling, Biting, Crucial, Dangerous, Decisive, Dire, Carping, Rejective

Complimentary, Praising, Trivial, Laudatory, Certain, Inessential, Minor, Safe, Uncritical

Many critical parameters are improperly aligned.

Marvel

Verb

To become wondered.

To be amazed by someone or something.

(मोहित होना/ अचंभे में आ जाना)

Gape, Stare, Gaze, Goggle

Expect

We marveled at his magic tricks.

Noun

Something or someone that amazes or causes wonders.

(चमत्कार/ हैरत)

Genius, Miracle, Curiosity, Phenomenon

Normality, Expectation

Her dance skills are a marvel to have.

Endurance

Noun

 

The power of bearing pain.

The ability to continue in adverse conditions.

Lasting quality.

(सहनशीलता/ तितिक्षा/ सहन/ टिकाव)

Ability, Capacity, Courage, Fortitude

Apathy, Cowardice, Idleness, Impotence

Regular exercise will improve your endurance.

Ambition

Noun

Strong desire for success

(महत्वाकांक्षा)

Appetite, Aspiration, Desire, Energy, Enthusiasm, Hope

Apathy, Aversion, Disgust, Dislike, Hate

He has the ambition to be a successful businessman.

Maritime

Adjective

Relating to the border on the sea.

Relating to commerce activities on the sea.

(समुद्री)

Marine, Nautical, Navigational, Aquatic

-

There is often ambiguity in defining maritime boundary.

Conundrum

Noun

A riddle or puzzle.

(पहेली)

Enigma, Mystery, Puzzle, Riddle, Secret

-

He is facing the conundrum of finding a job without any job experience.

Jettison

Verb

To throw something as a burden.

(बोझ गिराना)

Abandon, Abdicate, Junk, Scrap

Assert, Defend, Keep, Hold, Maintain

They decided to jettison old stuff and get the new one.

Noun

The act of throwing off some of the goods off the ship to lighten it to stabilize it.

(किसी जहाज या विमान से सामान को हल्का करने या स्थिर करने के लिए ढलाई करने की क्रिया)

Discarding, Disposal, Disposition, Removal

Keep

The captain ordered the jettison of the cargo to save the ship in the sea.

Myopia

Noun

Lack of foresight.

Narrow-mindedness.

A condition in which the visual images come to a focus in front of the eye resulting in defective vision of distant objects.

(निकट दृष्टि/ लघु दृष्टि)

Narrow-mindedness, Blind spot, Blinders, Fixation

Approval, Directness, Facing, Honesty

A startup requires long-term commitments, which in your myopia I don’t think you can take on.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?