The Hindu Vocabulary 5 September 2022

2022-09-05

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 5 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Relief, rebuff: On Teesta Setalvad bail plea.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Rebuff

Noun

A blunt rejection.

(प्रतिघात/ रोक)

Rebuke, Rejection, Nix, Snub

Praise, Approval

My attempts to reconcile with my wife met with rebuffs.

Verb

To reject sharply.

Turn away.

(हटाना)

Chide, Deny, Dismiss, Disregard

Accept, Acknowledge, Allow, Admit

My thesis was rebuffed by the professor.

Plea

Noun

A legal suit.

An allegation made by someone in support of a cause.

Something offered by way of excuse.

(दलील)

Appeal, Application, Entreaty, Overture, Action, Apology

Truth, Decision, Sentence, Answer, Reply

The plea regarding elections expenditure was rejected by the court.

Stiff

Adjective

Not easily bent, Firm, Resolute

(कठोर)

 

Hard, Creaky, Rigid, Difficult, Solid, Tense, Tight, Firm

Bending, Flexible, Pliable, Slack, Loose, Soft

His stiff resistance earned him the job back.

Interim

Noun

An intervening time.

A temporary or provisional arrangement.

An intervening time.

(अन्तरिम)

Meantime, Breach, Break, Breather, Hiatus, Downtime, Gap

Continuation, Continuity, Permanence

He has been appointed the interim head of the organisation.

Adjective

Belonging to a temporary period.

(अन्तरिम का)

Provisional, Stopgap, Acting, Caretaker, Makeshift

Finished, Permanent, Continual, Permanent

We will wait till the interim period is over and then take the decision.

Stoutly

Adverb

with courage and determination. (सबल)

Brazenly, Courageously, Daringly, Eagerly, Fearlessly, Boldly

Cautiously, Cowardly, Fearfully

She stoutly defended her statement in court.

Functionary

Noun

A person who functions in a specified capacity.

(पदाधिकारी)

Assistant, Broker, Commissioner, Lawyer

-

We met party functionaries at an event.

Intent

Noun

Intention or purpose

(इरादा)

Aim, Goal, Target, Objective

-

He has no intent to hurt your feelings.

Adjective

Directed with strained or eager attention.

(तत्पर)

 

Decided, Hell-bent, Preoccupied, Resolved

Flexible, Indefinite, Unconcerned, Undecided

She seems so intent to return to his country that he was ready to go by bus.

Heinous

Adjective

(of a person or wrongful act, especially a crime) utterly odious or wicked

(जघन्य)

Odious, Wicked, Evil, Atrocious, Monstrous, Disgraceful, Detestable, Awful, Terrible, Abhorrent, Abominable

Friendly, Kind, Good, Likeable, Mild, Moral, Virtuous

The judge gave death sentence to the accused of heinous crime.

Keep the pot boiling

Idiom

To make sure that a process does not stop

(यह सुनिश्चित करना की एक प्रक्रिया रुके नहीं)

-

-

I kept on asking questions to keep the pot boiling.

Implicate

Verb

show (someone) to be involved in a crime

(फंसाना)


convey (a meaning or intention) indirectly through what one says, rather than stating it explicitly

(संकेत करना)

Incriminate, Compromise, Involve, Connect, Embroil, Expose, Imply, Suggest, Hint, Intimate, Indicate, Insinuate

Exclude, Exclupate, Exonerate, Praise, Conceal, Dissociate, Separate, Neglect

Reeva tried to implicate Rosana in the robbery case.

Forge

Verb

Make or shape (a metal object) by heating it in a fire or furnace and beating or hammering it.

To make or imitate falsely especially with intent to defraud

(जाली नक़ल करना/ बनाना) 

Build, Construct, Create, Form, Hammer out, Shape

Falsify, Produce, Design, Duplicate, Fake, Feign

Break, Demolish, Dismantle, Neglect, Ruin

Be original, Raze, Destroy

He forged the property papers.

Evidence

Noun

Something that tends to prove or disprove something.

(सबूत)

Attestation, Confirmation, Proof, Substantiation

Disproof, Conceal, Hide, Obscure

I asked for more time to collect the evidence in my favour.

Accuse

Verb

charge (someone) with an offense or crime.

(आरोप लगाना)

Allege, Arrest, Attack, Blame, Summon

Applaud, Approve, Defend, Exculpate, Exonerate

She was accused of biases in the workplace.

Activism

Noun

The policy or action of using vigorous campaigning to bring about political or social change.

(सक्रियतावाद)

Advocacy, Involvement, Militancy, Striking, Picketing

-

Despite years of activism, society has not changed a bit.

Vulnerable

Adjective

Exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.

(कमज़ोर)

Endanger, Risk, Jeopardize, Imperil, Unsafe, Unguarded

Safe, Protected, Guarded, Shielded, Resting, Resilient

He became vulnerable after his wife divorced him.

 

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?