The Hindu Vocabulary 5 June 2022

2022-06-05

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 5 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Gradual engagement: On India-Taliban ties’.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Gradual

Adjective

Taking place or progressing slowly or by degrees.

(क्रमिक)

Slow, Moderate, Measured, Restrained, Cautious, Step by Step

Discontinuous, Intermittent, Irregular, AbruptS

The gradual forced conversion of people to Christianity was noticed by the police.

Engagement

Noun

A formal agreement to get married.

(सगाई)

Commitment, Obligation, Pact, Assurance

Breach, Break, Disagreement, Disengagement, Breakup

I attended my cousin’s engagement.

Meeting

(निश्चित समय पर कुछ करने या कहीं जाने की व्यवस्था)

Appointment, Arrangement, Commitment, Gig, Date

-

We had an engagement with the team at 8 PM.

 

A fight or battle between armed forces.

(लड़ाई)

Action, Conflict, Confrontation, Encounter

Calm, Peace, Retreat, Agreement, Surrender

The engagement between the two armies escalated.

Diplomatic

Adjective

of or concerning diplomacy.

(कूट-नीतिक)

Tactful, Subtle, Discreet, Judicious

Indiscreet, Tactless, Inconsiderate, Thoughtless

Meena always gives diplomatic answers.

Delegation

Noun

A body of delegates or representatives

(प्रतिनिधि मंडल)

Deputation, Delegacy, Representatives, Emissaries

-

He was a part of the USA delegation.

Constructive

Adjective

Having or intended to have a useful or beneficial purpose.

(रचनात्मक)

Beneficial, Useful, Positive, Helpful, Productive, Practical, Valuable

Destructive, Negative, Devastating, Disastrous, Catastrophic, Noxious

My teacher always gave me constructive advice.

Despite

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

Tarun went to take the final exam despite lacking preparation.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

He made me feel despite at his office.

Shuttered

Verb

Close (a business).

(बन्द करना)

Off, Close, Shut, Slam, Bar, Lock

Open, Release, Unleash, Unlock, Unbolt, Unlatch

The small shops were shuttered due to new guidelines issued by the municipality.

Collapse

Verb

 

(of a structure) fall down or in

(गिर जाना)

Break, Cave in, Crumple, Disintegrate, Drop, Fail

Accomplish, Achieve, Fix, Mend, Straighten

The roof of the old building collapsed due to a heavy downpour.

Noun

An instance of a structure falling down or in.

(गिरावट)

Bankruptcy, Catastrophe, Crash, Debacle, Destruction, Disintegration

Miracle, Success, Wonder, Creation

The sudden collapse in the market shook everyone.

Pave the way

Idiom

To prepare a smooth easy way (मार्ग बनाना)

-

-

His efforts paved the way for the development of a new vaccine for COVID-19.

Retain

Verb

Hold on to physically or mentally

(बनाए रखना)

Absorb, Contain, Maintain, Possess, Preserve

Abandon, Desert, Disperse, Lose, Ignore, Exclude

He retained his first position in the competition.

Haven

Noun

A place of safety or refuge

(आश्रय)

Retreat, Shelter, Sanctuary, Asylum, Oasis

-

Afghanistan has over the years served as a safe haven for many terrorist organizations.

Commitment

Noun

An agreement or pledge to do something in the future.

(प्रतिबद्धता)

Assurance, Promise, Pledge, Vow, Guarantee, Oath

Disbelief, Mistrust, Fake, Deceive, Cheat

He continued his commitment to the organization.

Pursue

Verb

Chase

(पीछा करना)

Go after, Seek, Oppress, Accompany

Aid, Assist, Leave, Give up,

She pursued her MBA degree from Harvard University.

Engage

Verb

Occupy, attract, or involve (someone's interest or attention).

(व्यस्त रखना)

Capture, Catch, Participate, Take part, Join, Preoccupy

Bore, Disenchant, Disinterest, Free, Ignore, Let go

He was engaged in drawing the sketches.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The current regime in Sri Lanka has been challenged by the opposition.

Impose

Verb

Force (something unwelcome or unfamiliar) to be accepted or put in place.

Take advantage of someone by demanding their attention or commitment.

(थोपना)

Appoint, Charge, Demand, Require, Establish, Foist

Disorder, Overlook, Displace, Forget

The government imposed harsh restrictions on the import of glass.

 

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