The Hindu Vocabulary 4 June 2022

2022-06-04

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 4 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Grim turn: On targeted killings in Kashmir’.

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Grim

Adjective

Forbidding or uninviting (विकट)

very serious or gloomy.

(भयंकर)

Bleak, Cruel, Ghastly, Gloomy, Stern, Aloof

Bright, Cheerful, Comforting, Happy, Pleasant, Friendly, Affable

She was disappointed by his grim expressions.

Trigger

Noun

A small device that releases a spring to fire a gun.

(एक छोटा उपकरण जो बंदूक चलाने के लिए स्प्रिंग छोड़ता है)

-

-

The child pulled out the gun of the cupboard and unknowingly pressed the trigger.

Verb

To initiate a process.

To fire a gun.

(उत्प्रेरक)

Cause, Generate, Produce, Prompt

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

He triggered the controversy by picking up a fight at the party.

Verge

Noun

An edge or border

(कगार)

Edge, Border, Margin, Side, Brink, Rim

Center, Inside, Interior, Middle

Black Bucks are on the verge of getting extinct.

Contemplate

Verb

Think about something seriously

(मनन)

Aim, Consider, Envisage, Forsee, Intend, Mull over, Mean

Forget, Reject, Ignore, Disregard, Neglect

Sitting near the river, she contemplated her image in water.

Exodus

Noun

A mass departure of people.

(प्रस्थान)

Withdrawal, Evacuation, Leaving, Exit

Arrival, Coming, Advent, Entrance, Entry

There was a mass exodus after the function ended.

Abominable

Adjective

Causing moral revulsion

(घिनौना)

Abhorrent, Atrocious, Awful, Revolting, Wretched

Attractive, Delightful, Good, Great, Honorable, Kind

His abominable act can’t be forgiven.

Predicament

Noun

A difficult, unpleasant, or embarrassing situation.

(स्थिति)

Difficult situation, Mess, Issue, Plight, Trouble, Dilemma

Advantage, Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Solution, Boon

Some of the powerful groups took advantage of the financial predicament of the country.

Reconciliation

Noun

An agreement.

(सुलह)

Agreement, Accord, Consensus, Agree

Quarrel, Fight, Row, Disagreement, Brawl, Tumult, Squabble

The two companies agreed for reconciliation.

Subtle

Adjective

Delicate and mysterious.

Difficult to understand.

(हल्का/ चालाक)

Artful, Slick, Devious, Guileful

Artless, Guileless, Ingenuous, Innocent

I could not understand the subtle meanings in the story.

Surge

Noun

A sudden powerful forward or upward movement, especially by a crowd or by a natural force such as the waves or tide.

(तरंग)

Deluge, Swell, Upsurge, Flow

Decline, Decrease

There was a surge in the stock prices of LIC.

Verb

Move suddenly and powerfully forward or upward.

(बढ़ोतरी)

Climb, Grow, Rise, Gush

Descend, Lessen

The level of water surged in the river due to melting of glaciers.

Conducive

Adjective

Favourable

(अनुकूल)

Advantageous, Beneficial, Favorable, Helpful

Damaging, Deleterious, Disadvantageous, Harmful

The weather is conducive for photography today.

Dole

Noun

A grant of government funds to the unemployed

(

Almsgiving, Charity, Philanthrophy

-

Micheal was on the dole for a year.

Perceive

Verb

Become aware or conscious of (something); come to realize or understand.

(समझना)

Discern, Recognize, Distinguish, Find, Indentify

Disbelieve, Disregard, Ignore, Misunderstand, Neglect, Overlook

He was shocked on perceiving the truth.

Exploit

Noun

A bold or daring feat.

(कारनामा)

Feat, Act, Stunt, Deed, Escapade, Attainment, Move

Failure, Debilitating, Catastrophe, Subduing, Fiasco, Debacle, Botch

His father told him the story of his young brother exploits.

Verb

Make full use of and derive benefit from a resource.

(शोषण करना)

Abuse, Apply, Employ, Handle, Manipulate, Mine, Utilize

Leave alone, Misuse

The government gave permission to exploit the gold reserves in Jamui.

Triumphalism

Noun

Triumphant spirit or character.

(विजयीवाद)

-

-

This is not the right time for triumphalism but for hard work.

 

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