The Hindu Vocabulary 27 September 2022

2022-09-27

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 27 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Home and abroad: On India’s role as a bridge between polarised nations.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Polarize

Verb

To divide into sharply opposing factions.

(फूट डालना)

Part, Separate, Demarcate, Isolate

Combine, Connect, Join, Repair

The whole incident has polarized the voters in our constituency.

Divisive

Adjective

Tending to cause disagreement or hostility between people.

(बांटनेवाला)

Alienating, Estranging

Unifying, Compiling, Mingling

Divisive politics is becoming a trend now.

Emphasis

Noun

A particular prominence given to something.

Special consideration on something.

Something that is given special importance.

(प्रमुखता)

Attention, Insistence, Priority, Significance

Ignorance, Lethargy, Incompetence, Triviality

Chairman gave special emphasis on the timeline of delivery of projects.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

The pandemic has broken the backbones of many businesses.

Pejorative

Adjective

Having a disparaging effect.

A word that expresses criticism of someone or something.

(अपमानजनक/ निंदापूर्ण/ ह्रासकारी/ ह्रासकारी शब्‍द)

Debasing, Deprecatory, Depreciatory, Derisive

Complimentary, Positive, Praising

If you are calling me ambitious and hopeful, I won’t take these as pejorative terms.

Criticize

Verb

To act as a critic.

To point out the faults of someone or something.

To consider the merits and demerits and judge accordingly.

(आलोचना करना)

Blame, Blast, Castigate, Excoriate, Review, Scrutinize

Approve, Commend, Compliment, Exonerate, Praise, Estimate

He has criticized me to every extent in public.

Condone

Verb

To disregard or overlook.

To give tacit approval to something.

To pardon.

To forgive.

(माफ करना/ छोड़ देना)

Excuse, Forget, Forgive, Ignore

Attend, Deny, Refuse, Regard

The government is being accused of condoning criminals.

Grapple

Verb

To hold something.

To seize something.

(पकड़ना/ हाथापाई करना/ कुश्ती/ मुठभेड)

Rassle, Scuffle, Tussle, Wrestle

Agree, Avoid, Cancel, Disconnect

Both the wrestlers grappled each other tightly.

Exacerbate

Verb

Make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.

(बिगाड़ देना)

Aggravate, Worsen, Inflame, Compound, Intensify, Increase, Magnify

Calm, Reduce, Settle, Lower, Lessen, Set, Pacify

The war situation is exacerbating the issue of inflation across the globe.

Prognosis

Noun

A forecast.

An estimate of the future.

(प्रमुख/ प्रसिद्ध/ महत्त्वपूर्ण/ प्रधान)

Diagnosis, Prediction, Prognostication, Projection

Calculation, Measurement

Doctors will respond after the expert’s prognosis.

Hail

Verb

To cheer.

To call out in order to attract attention.

To acclaim.

To call out in order to ask.

(पुकारना/ नमस्कार करना)

Address, Greet, Salute, Signal

Disdain, Dishonour, Disparage, Dribble

Neeraj Chopra has been hailed as the greatest athlete of all time in India.

Pledge

Noun

A solemn promise or agreement.

Something delivered as security of the payment for the fulfillment of a promise.

(प्रतिज्ञा/ संकल्प/ रेहन/ बंधक)

Agreement, Assurance, Guarantee, Oath

Breach, Break

He has assured the public of fulfilling his campaign pledge of reducing tax rates.

Summit

Noun

The highest point.

A conference or meeting of diplomats.

(शिखर / शिखर सम्मेलन)

Acme, Apex, Apogee, Capstone

Base, Bottom, Nadir

We accompanied the Prime Minister to the bilateral summit.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?