The Hindu Vocabulary 28 September 2022

2022-09-28

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 28 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Tread carefully: On the power to remove online content.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Tread

Verb

To set down the foot in walking.

To walk along.

(पांव रखना/ पैर उठाना)

Ambulate, Pad, Step, Walk

Encourage, Release, Tiptoe

He asked me not to tread on the grass.

Sparingly

Adverb

In an economical way.

In a limited way.

(किफ़ायत से)

Intermittently, Calmly, Fairly, Prudently

Frequently, Regularly, Usually, Difficultly

I asked my chef to use red chilly sparingly because of its ill effects.

Propagation

Noun

The act of propagating.

An increase in numbers.

(प्रचार/ प्रसारण/ फैलाव/ रूचार)

Breeding, Multiplication, Reproduction, Generation, Circulation, Dispersion

Stop, Cease

Coral propagation is becoming an issue for resort owners in the Maldives.

Concern

Noun

Something that relates to one.

Matter for consideration.

A matter that calls for a person’s attention.

(चिंता/ प्रसंग)

Care, Concernment, Consideration, Heed, Burden, Interest, Involvement, Matter

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm, Entertainment, Fun

It was a concern for my friend’s family members.

Verb

To relate to something.

To care about some matter of trouble.

(चिंतित होना/ लगाव रखना)

Bother, Disturb, Interest, Involve, Perturb, Regard

Aid, Calm, Reassure, Help, Unconcern

The whole process of operation and recovery was concerning my mother.

Ostensible

Adjective

Outwardly appearing as such pretended.

Intended for display.

Relating to something that appears to be true or officially is true but it is believed by you or other people to be something else.

(ख़याली/ काल्पनिक/ प्रकट/ दिखावटी)

Avowed, Plausible, Professed, Purported

Improbable, Obscure, Unlikely, Vague

He had an ostensible smile on his face which was concealing his sadness.

Dissemination

Noun

The act of disseminating.

The act of spreading something.

(प्रसार/ प्रचार/ विस्तार/ फैलाव)

Circulation, Diffusion, Promulgation, Propagation

Collection, Gathering

Social media allows for the rapid dissemination of rumors.

Portend

Verb

To disregard or overlook.

To give tacit approval to something.

To pardon.

To forgive.

(संकेत मिलना)

Augur, Bespeak, Foretell, Predict

-

The thunderstorm portended a heavy rainfall.

Uphold

Verb

To give support or defend.

To keep elevated.

(बरकरार रखा)

Confirm, Defend, Support, Back, Promote

Attack, Deny, Oppose, Protest

He was under oath to uphold the constitution of India.

Transgress

Verb

To violate a law.

To pass over a limit.

(उल्लंघन करना/ अवलेहना करना/ भंग करना/ अपराध करना)

Infringe, Trespass

Behave, Obey

There will be legal consequences against those who transgress the laws.

Intermediary

Noun

A person who passes messages or proposals between two people or groups.

(मध्यस्थ/ पंच/ मध्यवर्ती/ मध्यम)

Broker, Emissary, Mediator, Negotiator

End

He served as an intermediary between both parties for the land deal.

Invoke

Verb

To appeal to authority.

To make an earnest request for something.

To put into effect.

(आह्वान करना)

Beget, Breed, Cause, Generate, Apply, Enforce

Cruelty, Indulgence, Meanness, Ignore, Neglect

His actions invoked the memory of his predecessors.

Recommendation

Noun

The act of recommending

(सिफ़ारिश करना)

Endorsement, Guidance, Instruction, Judgment, Order, Proposal, Proposition

Disapproval, Opposition, Refusal, Rejection

The recommendations by the marketing department were rejected by the board.

Interim

Noun

An intervening time.

A temporary or provisional arrangement.

An intervening time.

(अन्तरिम)

Meantime, Breach, Break, Breather, Hiatus, Downtime, Gap

Continuation, Continuity, Permanence

There was a brief interim in the proceedings of the court.

Adjective

Belonging to a temporary period.

(अन्तरिम का)

Provisional, Stopgap, Acting, Caretaker, Makeshift

Finished, Permanent, Continual, Permanent

He got interim relief from the Supreme Court.

Incitement

Noun

The state of inciting.

The act of making people behave violently or illegally.

(शह/ उत्तेजना/ प्रोत्साहन/ भड़काव)

Urging, Goading

Suppression, Discouragement

He was accused of incitement of murder.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?