The Hindu Vocabulary 29 September 2022

2022-09-29

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 29 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Separately together: On Opposition unity.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Separately

Adverb

In a separate manner.

(अलग से/ भिन्न)

Independently, Personally, Solely, Severally

Together

The manager is meeting each employee separately.

Unity

Noun

The state of being one.

A whole or totality as combing all the parts.

(एकता)

Agreement, Consensus, Harmony, Identity

Disagreement, Fighting, Antagonism, Denial

A sense of national unity has been there among the citizens.

Chorus

Noun

Simultaneous utterance in singing.

An organized company of singers who sing in concert.

(सहगान/ गानेवालों का गरोह)

Choir, Ensemble, Carolers, Chorale, Melody, Music, Theme, Tune, Concert, Harmony

Silence, Disagreement, Discord, Disharmony

In our village, we wake up to the chorus of birdsong.

Croon

Verb

To sing in a soft soothing voice.

To sing in an evenly modulated manner.

(गुनगुनाना/ गुंजारना)

Hum, Murmur, Wail, Bellow

-

My wife was crooning to a baby.

Materialize

Verb

To come into existence.

To make physically perceptible.

(अमल में लाना)

Appear, Emerge, Happen, Occur

Disappear, Hide, Leave, Lose

Things that actually materialize and those thought to, are completely different.

Despite

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

He irritated his sister despite knowing that she was upset.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

Rajnish felt despite at his uncle’s house.

Parley

Verb

To hold an informal conference.

(बातचीत)

Advice, Confab, Confabulate, Confer, Consult

Quiet, Silence

The company sent higher-level employees to parley with the farmers to convince them to sell their land.

Skeptical

Adjective

Inclined to skepticism.

Doubtful about a particular thing.

Showing doubt.

Relating to an attitude of doubt towards a particular subject.

(उलझन में/ अविश्वासी/ संशयात्मक/ संदेहवादी)

Doubtful, Dubious, Incredulous, Mistrustful

Believing, Certain, Clear, Convinced

Suresh was skeptical about the viability of the entire idea.

Secular

Adjective

Not spiritual or religious.

Not aligned to any particular religion.

Not favourable to any one religion.

(धर्मनिरपेक्ष)

Civil, Materialistic, Worldly, Temporal

Mental, Holy, Spiritual

India is a secular country.

Critical

Adjective

Inclined to criticize severely.

Exercising judicious evaluation.

Of the nature of a crisis.

Some important juncture.

(गंभीर/ आलोचनात्मक/ नाजुक/ फुलाना/ आलोचनावादी)

Demanding, Analytical, Belittling, Biting, Crucial, Dangerous, Decisive, Dire, Carping, Rejective

Complimentary, Praising, Trivial, Laudatory, Certain, Inessential, Minor, Safe, Uncritical

A silly issue is now becoming a critical one.

Convener

Noun

A person who convenes a chair or meeting.

A person who has been elected to convene a meeting or committee.

(संयोजक)

-

-

Arvind Kejriwal is the convener of the Aam Aadmi Party.

Prospect

Noun

The act of looking forward.

A place that commands an extensive view.

The outlook of the future for someone or something.

(आशा/ आलोक)

Anticipation, Chance, Expectation

Hopelessness, Impossibility

You have a good prospect if you prepare well for the exams.

Eerily

Adverb

In a strange and spooky way that makes one uneasy. (डरते हुए)

Bizarrely, Creepily

Naturally, Nicely

Our hostel was emptied eerily in the vacations such that one or two students who remained there were afraid.

Exhibit

Verb

To offer to view.

To display.

To submit a document to a court in a legal proceeding.

(दिखाना)

Advertise, Demonstrate, Display

Camouflage, Disguise, Conceal

The company exhibited the upcoming models of cars at the Auto Expo.

Abstain

Verb

To hold oneself back voluntarily.

To choose not to vote.

(बचना/ परहेज रखना)

Cease, Quit, Refrain, Shun

Continue, Accept, Face, Allow

Sometimes parties choose to abstain from voting on some bills that they don’t want to vote for and don’t want to vote against.

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Which of the following is not a vestigial organ?