The Hindu Vocabulary 30 September 2022

2022-09-30

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 30 September 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Talent and recognition: On reducing number of science awards.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Recognition

Noun

The gathering of persons who come to an exhibition or party.

Quantity of production.

(मान्यता)

Acceptance, Admission, Awareness, Attention, Credit, Esteem

Denial, Disagreement, Ignorance, Refusal, Forgetfulness, Disregard

The Indian Sports Ministry gave recognition to Yoga as a sport.

Encouragement

Noun

The action of giving someone support, confidence, or hope.

(प्रोत्साहन)

Help, Support, Assistance, Packing, Cheer, Comfort, Confidence, Consolation, Stimulation

Annoyance, Discouragement, Distrust, Doubt, Gloom, Hindrance

I thanked my parents for their support and encouragement.

Fellowship

Noun

Community of interest, activity, feeling, or experience


The status of a fellow of a college or society.

(अध्येतावृत्ति)

Acquaintance, Affability, Alliance, Amity, Club, Company, Communion

Aloofness, Antagonism, Disagreement, Dislike, Hostility, Ignorance

She held the fellowship of Cambridge University.

Wholesale

Noun

The selling of goods in large quantities to be retailed by others.

(थोक बिक्री)

-

-

There has been minimal growth in the wholesale and manufacturing industries.

Adjective

All-inclusive

Extensive, Indiscriminate, Large-scale, Sweeping, Bulk

Narrow, Incomplete, Specific, Unfinished

My father sells the products at wholesale price.

Relook

Verb

Reconsider or re-examine something.

(फिर से विचार)

-

-

I asked my manager to relook into my proposal for the new project.

Remit

Verb

Cancel or refrain from exacting or inflicting (a debt or punishment).

(छोड़ना)

Cancel, Revoke, Set aside, Rescind, Abrogate, Suspend

Allow, Permit, Let, Sanction, Authorize

The authorities remitted the penalty to me.

Execute

Verb

To carry out fully

(निष्पादित)

Administer, Apply, Enforce, Implement, Effect

Disregard, Ignore, Neglect

We successfully executed the plan to campaign for the product.

Gallantry

Noun

Courageous behavior, especially in battle.
Polite attention or respect given by men to women.

(शौर्य)

Boldness, Courage, Valor, Address, Audacity, Duty, Courtesy

Cowardice, Fear, Dishonor, Disregard, Disrespect, Modesty

Many police personnel received gallantry medals on Republic Day.

Irrupted

Verb

Enter forcibly or suddenly.

(भ्रष्ट)

Civil, Materialistic, Worldly, Temporal

Mental, Holy, Spiritual

The crowd irrupted in a fervor of nationalism and attacked the leader.

Endowments

Noun


the action of endowing something or someone.

(अक्षय निधि)

Bequest, Donation, Funding, Grant, Income, Stipend

Debt, Disadvantage, Inability, Loss

The building has been constructed with a 100 million dollars endowment.

Quorum

Noun

The minimum number of members of an assembly or society that must be present at any of its meetings to make the proceedings of that meeting valid.

(गणपूर्ति)

Majority, Attendance, Plenum

-

The committee has to meet with a quorum of ½ of the total members.

Transformation

Noun

A thorough or dramatic change in form or appearance.

(परिवर्तन)

Change, Alteration, Modification, Variation, Conversion, Revision, Amendment, Evolution

-

The town has undergone various transformations over the months.

Circuitous

Adjective

(of a route or journey) longer than the most direct way.

(घुमावदार)

Roundabout, Indirect, Winding, Meandering, Tortuous, Oblique, Rambling

Direct, Straight, Inline

The officer followed a circuitous way to solve the case.

Punctuated

Verb

To divide something with punctuation marks in order to make meaning clear.

To interrupt at intervals.

(बीच में रोकना/ टोकना)

Interrupt, Intersperse, Pepper, Sprinkle

Collect, Gather, Agree, Attach

The ringtones of mobile phones punctuated Minister’s address at the meeting.

Subjectivity

Noun

The quality of being based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions.

(आत्मीयता)

Individuality, Subjectiveness, Selfhood, Character, Distinction

Detachment, Impartiality, Neutrality, Objectivity

One can find a degree of subjectivity in human perception.

Epaulet

Noun

something that ornaments or protects the shoulder

(स्कंधिका)

-

 

We started wearing red epaulet to distinguish our team.

Rationalisation

Noun

The action of attempting to explain or justify behavior or an attitude with logical reasons, even if these are not appropriate.

(युक्तिकरण)

Justification, Rationale, Bulletin, Chronicle, Recital, Narrative

-

The ministers met with an aim to deal with the rate rationalisation.

 

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

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