The Hindu Vocabulary 5 August 2023

2023-08-05

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 5 August 2023 is from the Editorial titled “Linear regression: On the government’s response to data on its policies.”

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Regression

Noun

A return to a previous and less advanced or worse state, condition, or way of behaving

 (प्रतिगमन)

Reversion, Retrogression, Relapse, Decline

 

Development, Evolution, Progression, Advancement

There is a rapid regression in her health condition.  

Vindictive

Adjective

Having or showing a strong or unreasoning desire for revenge.

(प्रतिशोधी)

Vengeful, Revengeful, Avenging, Unforgiving, Resentful, Unrelenting, Acrimonious, Poisonous

Forgiving, Merciful, Lenient, Pitying, Humane, Magnanimous

After meeting Ram, he blamed him for being vindictive.

Ostensibly

Adverb

Apparently and Seemingly

 (प्रकट रूप से)

Evidently, Presumably, Putatively, Supposedly

Improbably, Obscurely, Unlikely

The student stayed behind at the college, ostensibly to study.

Hostile

Adjective

Relating to an enemy.

(शत्रुतापूर्ण)

Adverse, Belligerent, Bitter, Contentious

Agreeable, Aiding, Friendly, Good

As the degradation of forests increases, the environment becomes more hostile.

Transpire

Verb

To occur.

To emit.

(मालूम हो जाना/ रिसना)

Arise, Befall, Ensue, Betide

Cause, Stop

She was taught that moisture was transpired from plants.

Pegged  

Adjective

Expected to do something, based on an assumption or stereotype or past behavior.

(किसी धारणा या रूढ़िवादिता या पिछले व्यवहार के आधार पर कुछ करने की अपेक्षा करना।)

Fix, Clinch, Fasten, Join

Detach, Loose, Loosen, Release

The officers told us that we were pegged to be a good person. 

Undermine

Verb

Lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.

(दुर्बल करना)

Subvert, Sabotage, Threaten, Weaken, Diminish

Push, Urge, Stimulate, Boost, Enhance, Improve, Strengthen

Being lazy at work will undermine your position.

Robust

Adjective

Possessing great and impressive power or strength.

(शक्तिमान)

Fearsome, Ferocious, Big, Tough, Mighty

Puny, Tiny, Insignificant, Trivial

Ram feels becoming vegan will make him look robust and healthy enough.

Unduly

Adverb 

In an undue or improper manner.

Excessively.

(अत्यन्त/ अनुचित या अयोग्य रीति से/ घबराहट से/ व्याकुलता से)

Disproportionately, Extremely, Unjustly, Immensely, Unreasonably, Overly, Unfairly

Fairly, Justly, Reasonably, Honestly, Moderately

I am unduly worried about the semester’s result.  

Discredit

Verb

To cause people to stop respecting someone or believing in someone or some idea.

(बदनाम करना)

Defame, Degrade, Disgrace, Disprove 

Approve, Create, Build, Exalt

The actions of the media were to discredit the politician.

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Humayun’s Tomb situated in Delhi is built by ______. / दिल्ली में स्थित हुमायूँ का मकबरा __ द्वारा बनाया गया है।


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