The Hindu Vocabulary 7 June 2022

2022-06-07

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 7 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Message from voters: On Odisha, Uttarakhand bypoll results.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Bypoll

Noun

A special election held between regular elections.

(उपचुनाव)

By-election, Bye elections

-

Bypoll elections are usually won by the Ruling Parties.

Strengthen

Verb

To make stronger.

To give strength to someone or something.

(मज़बूत बनाना/ प्रबल करना/शक्तिशाली बनना/ पुष्ट करना)

Bolster, Enlarge, Enhance, Extend, Increase, Intensify, Invigorate, Extend, Consolidate, Restore, Toughen

Abridge, Condense, Curtail, Decrease, Destroy, Discourage, Dishearten, Fail

He has strengthened our organization through his management skills.

Consequence

Noun

A conclusion reached through logic.

Something produced as a result of a set of conditions.

The importance concerning the power to produce an effect.

The result of something occurring earlier.

Importance or significance.

(परिणाम/ महत्त्व/ नतीजा/ फल)

Aftereffect, Aftermath, Effect, Fallout, Concern, Magnitude, Need, Value, Cachet, Dignity, Distinction, Eminence

Cause, Origin, Source, Beginning, Triviality, Unimportance, Lowliness

The matter that you were discussing is of no consequence.

Revive

Verb

To restore to life from a bad situation.

(पुनर्जीवित)

Arouse, Encourage, Energize, Invigorate, Reanimate, Recharge

Bore, Break, Depress, Discourage

Manmohan Singh in the year 1991 revived our economy.

Slumber

Noun

A sleep.

A period of sleep.

(नींद/झपकी/ निद्रा/ अल्प निद्रा)

Coma, Dormancy, Stupor, Doze

Consciousness, Energy, Awakening, Activity

Jogeshwar was in a deep slumber.

Verb

To sleep tightly.

To be in a dormant state.

To be in a state of inactivity.

(झपकी लेना/ ऊंघना/ सोना/ निष्क्रिय होना)

Catnap, Doze, Nap, Rest

-

She slumbered for hours while on the train.

Chaos

Noun

A state of utter confusion.

A confused mass.

The infinite of the universe that has preceded the existence of the ordered universe.

(अव्यवस्था/ अराजकता/ गड़बड़ी/ अस्तव्यस्तता)

Anarchy, Disarray, Discord, Disorder, Lawlessness, Pandemonium

Arrangement, Calm, Harmony, Peace, Neatness, Order

The electricity cut at night caused chaos in the locality.

Demise

Noun

A death.

Termination of operation.

The conveyance of an estate.

Transfer of the sovereignty to a successor.

(मृत्यु/ हिब्बा/ मरण)

Collapse, Departure, Dissolution, Downfall, Extinction, Failure, Passing, Termination

Accomplishment, Beginning, Success, Birth, Commencement, Construction, Rise, Start

I was broken after my father’s demise.

Verb

To convey by will.

To transmit by inheritance.

To die.

(हिब्बा करना/वसीयत करना/ पट्टा करना)

Depart, Die, Perish, Succumb

Breathe, Live

The mansion has been demised to the businessman’s heir.

Criticise

Verb

To act as a critic.

To point out the faults of someone or something.

To consider the merits and demerits and judge accordingly.

(आलोचना करना)

Blame, Blast, Castigate, Excoriate, Review, Scrutinize

Approve, Commend, Compliment, Exonerate, Praise, Estimate

He has criticised the movie enough to prevent his brother to see it.

Recalibrate

Verb

To correct or adjust the settings of some instrument or something.

(पुन: जांचना)

Adjust, Amend, Alter, Annotate, Improve, Redress, Regulate, Remedy

Aggravate, Damage, Harm, Hurt

I was recalibrating the instruments.

Revamp

Noun

An act of reconstructing.

(सुधार)

Revival

Damage

A revamp of our foreign policy was seen in 2014.

Verb

To remake.

To reconstruct.

(सुधार करना)

Clean, Overhaul, Refurbish, Rehabilitate

Break, Destroy, Hurt, Damage

Our family has decided to revamp our business.

Nurture

Verb

Care for and encourage the growth or development of

(पालन ​​- पोषण करना)

Bring up, Care for, Provide for, Take care of, Attend to

Abandon, Decrease, Deprive, Destroy

My mother has nurtured all of us siblings bravely.

Noun

The process of caring for and encouraging the growth or development of someone or something.

(किसी चीज की वृद्धि की देखभाल करने और प्रोत्साहित करने की प्रक्रिया)

Encouragement, Promotion, Fostering, Development, Cultivation

Ignorance, Neglect, Negligence, Deprivation

The headmaster appreciated the nurture of team spirit in the students.

Eat Humble Pie

Idiom

To admit that one was wrong.

To accept one’s mistakes forcefully.

(अपनी गलतियों को जबरदस्ती स्वीकार करना।)

-

-

They had to eat a humble pie when their scam was exposed.

Churn

Noun

A container in which cream is shaken to make butter.

A regular process in a business in which existing customers are lost and new customers are added.

(आलोड़न/ एक कंटेनर जिसमें मक्खन बनाने के लिए क्रीम को हिलाया जाता है।)

-

-

We have received an order of installing 1000 churns.

Verb

To stir violently.

To agitate milk or cream in order to make butter.

(मक्खन बनाने के लिए दूध या मलाई को हिलाना|/ हिंसक हलचल करना)

Boil, Bubble, Simmer, Swirl

Freeze

My mother churned the cream to make butter at home only.

Navigate

Verb

To move on over water.

To direct a ship.

To control a ship or aircraft.

To pass over a waterbody.

(जहाज़ चलाना/ नौचालन करना/ नौपरिवहन करना/ संचालन करना)

Cross, Cruise, Handle, Maneuver

Neglect, Forget

We navigated the entire river.

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Question Of The Day

With reference to the “G20 Common Framework”, consider the following statements:

1. It is an initiative endorsed by the G20 together with the Paris Club.

2. It is an initiative to support Low Income Countries with unsustainable debt.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?