The Hindu Vocabulary 8 June 2022

2022-06-08

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 8 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Delayed response: On govt.’s stern action against hate speech.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Stern

Adjective

Firm and uncompromising.

(कठोर)

Austere, Flinty, Harsh, Ramrod

Clement, Gentle, Indulgent, Lax

Rahul was afraid of his father’s stern look.

Noun

A rear end of a boat.

(जलयान का पिछला भाग)

-

-

We got a picture clicked while we were sitting at the stern of the boat.

Assert

Verb

To state with assurance.

To maintain rights.

To state positively.

To demonstrate the existence of something.

(ज़ोर / द्दढ़तापूर्वक करना/ दावा करना/ हर्क जमाना)

Affirm, Aver, Avouch, Avow, Argue, Cite, Claim, Contend

Deny, Disavow, Negate, Question, Disclaim

The minister asserted that there were spies in the department.

Tolerance

Noun

The capacity of enduring.

A fair attitude toward opinions and practices that differ from one’s own.

The allowable deviation from a standard.

The power of enduring the action of a drug, poison, pollutant, or biological stressor.

(सहनशीलता/ सहिष्णुता/ सहयता)

Patience, Resilience, Resistance, Strength, Broadmindedness, Toughness, Immunity, Imperviousness

Lethargy, Weakness, Disapproval, Bias, Cowardice, Timidity, Intolerance, Bigotry

The tolerance level of my wife is very low.

Inflection

Noun

Change in pitch or loudness of voice.

Change in curvature or curve.

A bend or angle.

(मोड़)

Articulation, Pronunciation, Timbre, Pitch, Change, Angle, Arch, Bend

Constant, Monotone

Rajeshwari spoke with an upward inflection.

Communalisation

Noun

Act of making something communal.

(सांप्रदायीकरण)

-

-

Communalisation of nonconsequential matters results in a loss of the nation’s valuable time.

Ignore

Noun

To refrain from recognizing.

To refuse to notice.

(नज़रअंदाज़ करना/ उपेक्षा करना/ ध्यान न देना/ हटाना)

Avoid, Discount, Fail, Forget, Neglect, Overlook, Reject, Evade, Omit, Scorn

Mind, Regard, Heed, Achieve, Approve, Attend, Complete, Finish

You will never feel ignored at his party.

Slammed

Verb

To shut forcibly or violently.

To strike, knock, thrust or slap down with noisy impact.

To utter verbal abuse.

(मारना/ पराजित करना/ तेज़ आवाज़ के साथ बंद करना/ धड़क)

Bang, Bat, Batter, Beat, Slap, Thrash, Crash, Attack, Castigate, Damn

Aid, Assist, Compliment, Fail, Praise, Laud, Open, Unbolt, Unfasten, Unlatch, Unlock

My mother scolded me for slamming the doors.

Noun

A noisy violent closing.

A heavy impact.

A harsh criticism.

(धड़ाके का शब्द/ शक्तिशाली मार/ शक्तिशाली प्रहार/ क़ैदख़ाना)

Bang, Bash, Bat, Beat, Aspersion, Boom, Blow

Failure, Outside

My wife angrily closed the door with a slam.

Offend

Verb

To cause difficulty or discomfort.

To cause anger.

To cause pain.

To transgress the law.

To commit a sin or crime.

(कष्ट पहुंचाना/ नाराज़ी करना/ अप्रसन्न करना/ नुक़सान पहुंचाना)

Aggrieve, Anger, Annoy, Antagonize, Disgust, Exasperate, Gall, Horrify, Sin, Transgress

Aid, Assist, Help, Order, Assuage, Appease, Calm, Comfort, Cure

The remark was so thoughtless that it can only offend.

Accord

Verb

To be in agreement.

To give consent.

(सहमत करना/ स्वीकार करना/ मिलान करना/ मिलना)

Bestow, Confer, Give, Accede, Affirm, Agree, Conform, Correspond

Take, Deny, Disagree, Dispute, Refuse, Clash, Disapprove, Differ

The theory accords with and explains the known facts.

Noun

Agreement or conformity.

Consent of opinions.

(तालमेल/ सहमाति/ सांजस्य/ आपसी मेल)

Deal, Pact, Reconciliation, Accordance

Disagreement, Disunity, Difference, Discord

We acted in accord with the company’s policy.

Introspection

Noun

Examination of one’s own mental and emotional state.

The act of looking within oneself.

(आत्मनिरीक्षण)

Self-questioning, Self-scrutiny, Contemplation, Scrutiny

-

I went to Kedarnath for peace and self-introspection.

Adhere

Verb

To stay attached.

To be in support of someone or something.

To maintain loyalty.

(पालन ​​करना/ अनुसरण करना/ चिपकना/ दृढ़ रहना)

Comply, Heed, Obey, Observe, Attach, Fasten, Unite, Cement

Disobey, Ignore, Overlook, Condemn, Disregard, Detach, Disconnect, Separate, Unfasten

We all should adhere to the party’s principles and ideology.

Radical

Noun

A person who follows extreme principles.

A person who follows or favours an extreme or fundamental change in existing institutions or political conditions.

A mathematical expression indicating a root using a radical sign.

(एक व्यक्ति जो पूरी तरह से या पूर्ण राजनीतिक या सामाजिक सुधार की वकालत करता है;

Crazy, Extremist, Revolutionary, Revolutionist, Agitator, Anarchist, Extremist, Fanatic

Moderate, Conservative

Many consider the Chief Minister a political radical.

Adjective

Fundamental.

Thoroughgoing or extreme.

Very different from the usual.

Favouring extreme changes in the existing views or conditions.

(मौलिक/ उग्र/ पूर्ण/ समस्त)

Profound, Basal, Bottom, Cardinal, Extremist, Fanatical, Leftist, Revolutionary

Inessential, Unimportant, Minor, Secondary, Moderate, Conservative, Superficial, Nonrevolutionary

Technology has brought radical innovations.

Engage

Verb

To occupy the attention of someone.

To occupy oneself.

(काम पर लगाना/ संलग्न होना)

Employ, Enlist, Appoint, Charter, Arrest, Catch, Fascinate, Undertake

Break, Deny, Disagree, Fail

I always wanted to engage in political activities.

Snowball

Verb

To increase in size or degree at a rapid rate.

(आकार में तेजी से वृद्धि)

Escalate, heighten, Intensify, Multiply

Decrease, Lessen, Lower, Weaken

The violence has snowballed rapidly after religious comments.

Noun

A ball of snow pressed together.

A confection of crushed ice.

-

-

Children threw snowballs at each other.

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Question Of The Day

With reference to the “G20 Common Framework”, consider the following statements:

1. It is an initiative endorsed by the G20 together with the Paris Club.

2. It is an initiative to support Low Income Countries with unsustainable debt.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?