The Hindu Vocabulary 9 June 2022

2022-06-09

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 9 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Weakened in victory: On Boris Johnson winning no-confidence vote.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Challenge

Noun

An objection or query as to the truth of something, often with an implicit demand for proof.

(चुनौती)

Objection, Protest, Test, Threat, Dare

Acceptance, Peace, Agree, Answer

I accepted his challenge to turn down his business proposal.

Verb

Invite someone to engage in a contest.

(चुनौती देना)

Ask for, Assert, Claim, Confront, Defy, Demand

Deny, Answer, Dodge, Ignore, Calm

He challenged me to come to the party tonight.

Survive

Verb

Continue to live or exist, especially in spite of danger or hardship.

 (जीवित बचना)

Bear, Endure, Exist, Get through, Handle, Keep

Depart, Die, Refuse, Reject, Leave, Quit, Stop

He could not survive the last bullet shot at him.  

Lawmakers

Noun

A legislator

(व्यवस्थापक)

Legislator, Councilman, Congressman, Councilperson, Lawgiver

-

The lawmakers are highly responsible people.

Rebel

Noun

A person who rises in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or ruler.

(बागी)

Revolutionary, Insurgent, Mutineer, Agitator, Subversive, Guerrilla

Adherent, Loyalist

The rebels were arrested by the police.

Verb

Rise in opposition or armed resistance to an established government or ruler.

(विद्रोह करना)

Revolt, Mutiny, Riot, Rise up

Comply, Agree, Approve, Compliment, Endorse, Surrender

The students rebelled against the new law imposed by the government.

Clinch

Verb

Hold Securely

(पकड़ना)

Assure, Seal, Cap, Hold

Delay, Put off, Let go, Invalidate

He clinched my hand and drew me against the wall.

Hardline

Noun

Uncompromising adherence to a firm policy.

(कट्टरपंथी)

Adherence, Inflexible, Unwavering, Undeviating, Attachment

Detachment, Detached, Disinterest, Indifference, Remoteness, Distant

Some pople don’t want to deviate from hardline.

Impose

Verb

Force (something unwelcome or unfamiliar) to be accepted or put in place.

Take advantage of someone by demanding their attention or commitment.

(थोपना)

Appoint, Charge, Demand, Require, Establish, Foist

Disorder, Overlook, Displace, Forget

The judge imposed a life sentence on Rahul.

Predecessor

Noun

A person who precedes another in the office.

Ancestor

(पूर्वज/ पुरखा/ पूर्ववर्ती/ पूर्वाधिकारी)

Antecedent, Archetype, Daddy, Foregoer, Forerunner, Forebear, Former, Antecedent

Derivative, Descendant, Successor

My predecessors were the founders of this party.

Grim

Adjective

Forbidding or uninviting (विकट)

Bleak, Cruel, Ghastly, Gloomy

Bright, Cheerful, Comforting, Happy

The grim news of the flood troubled our minds.

Catalyst

Noun

A person or thing that precipitates an event.

(उत्प्रेरक)

Spur, Stimulus, Impetus, Prompt, Inducement

Deterrent, Discouragement, Dejection, Depression

My mother’s motivating speech acted as a catalyst for me.

Recession

Noun

A period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters.

(मंदी)

Downturn, Depression, Slump, Slowdown, Trough, Stagnation

Increase, Success, Rise, Advance, Inflation

The impacts of the recession on the global economy will soon end.

Crippling

Adjective

causing a severe and almost insuperable problem.

(अशक्त कर देने वाला)

Crushing, Damaging, Impairing, Hampering, Harming

-

The service charges have risen to a crippling 15%.

Aggression

Noun

Any offensive action.

A forceful action that intends to dominate.

(आक्रामकता)

Bellicosity, Defiance, Pugnacity, Assault, Invasion, Offensive, Hostility

Calmness, Quiet

You need to show aggression in your work.

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

There is a financial crisis in my family.

Unpopularity

Noun

The state or condition of not being liked or popular.

(अलोकप्रियता)

Belmish, Blot, Infamy, Notoreity, Discredit

Honor, Perfection, Respect, Blank, Cleanliness

His extreme unpopularity left him alone.

Sanction

Noun

Authoritative permission for action.

A formal decree

(प्रतिबंध)

Allowance, Clearance, Consent, Warrant

Interdiction, Prohibition, Proscription

The US has imposed sanctions on various rogue nations.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

The bank sanctioned the loan against my house.

 

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Question Of The Day

With reference to the “G20 Common Framework”, consider the following statements:

1. It is an initiative endorsed by the G20 together with the Paris Club.

2. It is an initiative to support Low Income Countries with unsustainable debt.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?