The Hindu Vocabulary 10 June 2022

2022-06-10

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 10 June 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Safe foods: On the need to develop lab infrastructure in States.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Infrastructure

Noun

The fundamental facilities serving an area as transportation, schools, power plants, residences, etc.

The basic framework of a system.

The permanent installations required for a military operation.

(आधारभूत संरचना/ पूर्वावश्यकता/ भूमिकारूप व्यवस्था)

Architecture, Armature, Cadre, Configuration, Edifice, Fabric, Frame, Skeleton, Base, Groundwork, Framework

-

The infrastructure of metro cities is world-class.

Enhance

Verb

Intensify, increase, or further improve the quality, value, or extent of.

(वृद्धि करना)

Add to, Appreciate, Augment, Boost, Build up, Complement

Decrease, Diminish, Discourage, Hurt, Lessen

Our app will enhance the knowledge of every age group.

Manpower

Noun

Power in terms of people available for work.

The total supply of persons fitted for service.

(श्रमशक्ति/ जन-शक्ति/ अमला/ मानव-शक्ति)

Workers, Labour force, Labour pool, Workforce

-

The shortage of manpower in the locality has caused a loss to the contractor.

Enforcement

Noun

The act of imposing upon some person.

(प्रवर्तन)

Administration, Application, Imposition, Prosecution

Abandon, Disregard, Forgetfulness, Neglect

I am not convinced with the timeline of enforcement of the new policy.

Compliance

Noun

The act of complying with demand or proposal.

The act of conforming,

Cooperation or Conformity.

(अनुपालन/ क़बूल/ इजाज़त/ अनुमति)

Conformity, Consent, Concession, Concurrence, Deference, Acquiescence, Amenability, Docility, Assent

Difference, Rebellion, Resistance, Disagreement, Refusal, Disobedience

The infrastructure of the new department is in compliance with the act passed by the Parliament.

Surveillance

Noun

A watch over a person, premise, or any activity to gather information.

(निगरानी)

Care, Watch, Guidance, Regulation

Carelessness, Ignorance, Neglect, Indifference

The mobile number has been under surveillance for the last 3 days.

Scrutinise

Verb

To examine closely with critical attention.

To conduct scrutiny.

(ताकना/ देखना/ जाँचना/ अनुसंधान करना/ संवीक्षा करना/ छानबीन करना)

Analyze, Check, Comb, Consider, Dissect, Explore, Inspect, Investigate, Peruse, Scan

Forget, Ignore, Neglect, Misunderstand

He scrutinised his rival’s every move.

Adequate

Adjective

As much as required or necessary.

Barely sufficient.

Enough in quality or quantity.

(पर्याप्त/ समुचित/ सक्षम)

Acceptable, Capable, Decent, Competent, Fair, Satisfactory

Inadequate, Inappropriate, Incapable, Incompetent

There were adequate arrangements for the guests.

Marginally

Adverb

By a minimal amount.

At a barely adequate level.

(मामूली/ सीमांत रूप से)

Lightly, Somewhat, Hardly, Borderline

Interior, Considerably, Greatly

The traffic has improved marginally over the past few days.

Penultimate

Adjective

The last thing in a series of things.

Next to the last.

(अंत से पहले/ उपांत्य/ अंत से ठीक पहिले का/ उपान्तिम)

Last, End

Start, First

I was moved by the penultimate scene of the movie.

Liberal

Adjective

Marked by generosity.

Not strict.

Favouring the principles of liberalism.

Favourable to the concept of maximum individual freedom possible.

Free from prejudice or bigotry.

Given freely or abundantly.

(उदारवादी/ उदार/ दानशील/ दृढ़ रहना)

Enlightened, Flexible, Humanistic, Lenient, Permissive, Radical, Reformist, Tolerant, Free, Kind, Prodigal, Generous, Rich, Ample

Intolerant, Limited, Conservative, Economical, Narrow, Specific, Mean, Thrifty, Greedy

Mr. Gates gave a liberal donation to the Covid relief fund.

Noun

A person of liberal principles.

A member of a liberal political party.

(उदार आदमी/ दानशील आदमी/ उदारचेता आदमी/ स्वार्थहीन आदमी)

Leftist, Progressive, Neophiliac, Extremist, Modern, Modernist, Ultramodernist, Bohemian

Antediluvian, Dodo, Conservative, Veteran, Archconservative, Square, Traditionalist, Paleoconservative

He is a liberal and his brother is a conservative.

Concern

Noun

Something that relates to a person or business.

Matter for consideration.

A matter that calls for a person’s attention.

(चिंता/ प्रसंग/ सोच/ वास्ता)

Care, Concernment, Consideration, Heed, Burden, Interest, Involvement, Matter

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm, Entertainment, Fun

After your dishonesty with me, your problems are none of my concern.

Verb

To relate to.

To have an influence on.

To involve.

To distress about.

(दिलचस्पी लेना)

Bother, Regard, Trouble, Worry, Disturb, Interest, Involve, Perturb

Aid, Help, Ignore, Calm, Please, Reassure, Unconcern, Appease

Your poor performance in the mid-term exams concerns me.

Critical

Adjective

Inclined to criticize severely.

Exercising judicious evaluation.

Of the nature of a crisis.

Some important juncture.

(गंभीर/ आलोचनात्मक/ नाजुक/ फुलाना/ आलोचनावादी)

Demanding, Analytical, Belittling, Biting, Crucial, Dangerous, Decisive, Dire, Carping, Rejective

Complimentary, Praisig, Trivial, Laudatory, Certain, Inessential, Minor, Safe, Uncritical

The GDP has been in a critical situation for the past three years.

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Question Of The Day

With reference to the “G20 Common Framework”, consider the following statements:

1. It is an initiative endorsed by the G20 together with the Paris Club.

2. It is an initiative to support Low Income Countries with unsustainable debt.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?