The Hindu Vocabulary 3 October 2022

2022-10-03

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 3 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘No family man: On the Gandhis and the Congress president election.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Contest

Noun

An event in which people compete for supremacy in a sport, activity, or particular quality.

(प्रतियोगिता)

Challenge, Discussion, Game, Match, Sport, Trial

Agreement, Peace, Calm, Quiet

Shalini won first prize in the quiz contest.

Verb

Engage in competition to attain (a position of power).

(प्रतियोगिता में भाग लेना)

Oppose, Debate, Dispute, Push, Query, Question

Agree, Allow, Support, Champion

She contested in elections for Vice-President.

Spotlight

Noun

The centre of public attention

(जनता के ध्यान का केंद्र)

Limelight, Fame, Publicity, Light

Obscurity

The protest organized by him turned the spotlight on the major issue faced by the students.

Reins

Noun

The act or practice of keeping something (as an activity) within certain boundaries

(लगाम)

Arm, Authority, Clutch, Command, Control, Grip

Release

The prince returned to hold the reins of his kingdom.

Claim

Verb

State or assert that something is the case, typically without providing evidence or proof.

(दावा करना)

Ask, Assert, Call for, Challenge, Collect, Take

Abandon, Deny, Disbelieve, Forsake, Repudiate, Give, Stop

Tresha claimed her rights on her father’s property.

Struck

Verb


(of a thought or idea) come into the mind of (someone) suddenly or unexpectedly.

(मन में आना)


hit forcibly and deliberately with one's hand or a weapon or other implement.

(मारना)


(of a disaster, disease, or other unwelcome phenomenon) occur suddenly and have harmful or damaging effects on.

(प्रभावित करना)

Hurt, Battered, Pounded, Smacked, Closed

-

Suddenly a terrific idea struck my mind how to earn money.

Agreeable

Adjective

Enjoyable and pleasurable; pleasant.

Willing to agree to something.

(सहमत)

Congenial, Consenting, Favourable, Sympathetic, Amenable, Approving

Disagreeable, Unfriendly, Discordant, Harsh

His terms and conditions for the partnership are not agreeable for me.

Transition

Noun

Change

(परिवर्तनकाल)

Conversion, Changeover, Shift, Transformation

Decline, Decrease, Stagnation, Idleness

Some children face difficulty in transition from childhood to adulthood.

Veteran

Noun

A person who has had long experience in a particular field.

(अनुभवी व्यक्ति)

Old-time, Skilled, Trained, Adept, Expert, Old, Steady

Unskilled, Amateur, Green, Inexperienced

The veteran actor passed away due to cardiac arrest.

Perception

Noun

The way in which something is regarded, understood, or interpreted.

(दृष्टिकोण)

Understanding, Judgement, Observation, Thought, Interpretation

Ignorance, Avoiding, Incomprehension, Idiocy

My perception of taste is different.

Tussle

Noun

A rough physical struggle.

An intense argument.

(संघर्ष)

Battle, Clash, Combat, Conflict, Brawl, Fray, Scuffle, Skirmish

Agreement, Harmony, Calm, Peace

He was punished for a tussle with the security guard.

Verb

To engage in a rough struggle.

(जोरदार संघर्ष या हाथापाई में शामिल होना)

Grapple, Scuffle, Wrestle, Tangle, Battle, Box, Battle, Conflict

Agree, Concur

The two players tussled for the cricket bat.

Neutrality

Noun

The state of not supporting or helping either side in a conflict, disagreement, etc.; impartiality.

(तटस्थता)

Disinterest, Non-interference, Non-partisanship

-

During the cold war, many countries maintained neutrality.

Arbiter

Noun

A person who settles a dispute or has ultimate authority in a matter.

(मध्यस्थ)

Adjudicator, Judge, Umpire, Referee

Exclude, Troublemaker

The lawyer acted as arbiter in the case of dispute between board members.

Reinforce

Verb

Strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.

(सुदृढ़)

Bolster, Boost, Build up, Emphasize

Decrease, Discourage, Let down, Prevent

The authority has reinforced new rules in the area.

 

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Question Of The Day

Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat