The Hindu Vocabulary 4 October 2022

2022-10-04

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 4 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Making every drop count: On the Jal Jeevan Mission.’

 

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Significant

Adjective

Sufficiently great or important to be worthy of attention; noteworthy.

(महत्वपूर्ण)

Big, Considerable, Meaningful, Notable, Serious, Vital, Substantial

Dull, Inconsequential, Insignificant, Little, Minor, Ordinary

He made a significant move to save his position in the company.

Commitment

Noun

An agreement or pledge to do something in the future.

(प्रतिबद्धता)

Assurance, Promise, Pledge, Vow, Guarantee, Oath

Disbelief, Mistrust, Fake, Deceive, Cheat

The authorities did not fulfil their commitment to provide tap water connections.

Ensure

Verb

To make sure of.

To guarantee.

(पक्का करना)

Assure, Establish, Insure, Effect

Endanger, Harm, Hurt, Neglect

I get my family insured so as to ensure their medical security.

Potable

Adjective

Safe to drink; drinkable.

(पीने योग्य)

-

-

The researchers developed a technology to convert seawater to potable water.

Implies

Verb

To Indicate or express indirectly.

To indicate by inference rather than by a direct statement.

(संकेत करना)

Entail, Hint, Involve, Mention, Signify

Define, Explicate, Express, State

The article implies that cardiovascular diseases are lifestyle diseases.

Suffice

Verb

Be adequate

(पर्याप्त)

Enough, Satisfy, Answer, Avail

Displease, Refuse, Miss, Dissatisfy

You don’t need to send the invitation. A message will suffice.

Evaluate

Verb

Form an idea of the amount, number, or value of; assess.

(मूल्यांकन करना)

Appraise, Assess, Calculate, Check, Classify

Neglect

The Committee was formed to evaluate the candidates for the post of MD and CEO.

Premises

Noun

Preliminary statements in a document upon which later ones are predicated. (आधारित)

Hypothesis, Assumption, Basis, Ground

Rejection, Denial, Reality

A few households have reverse osmosis plant in their premises.

Impressive

Adjective

Evoking admiration through size, quality, or skill; grand, imposing, or awesome.

(प्रभावशाली)

Dramatic, Exciting, Important, Intense, Massive, Notable, Splendid

Common, Insignificant, Little, Ordinary, Poor, Small

His idea was very impressive.

Disparities

Noun

A great difference.

(असमानता)

Discrepancy, Difference, Imbalance, Inequality, Incongruity

Parity, Similarity, Likeness, Resemblance

There was a great disparity between the income of the two families.

Functional

Adjective

Of or having a special activity, purpose, or task; relating to the way in which something works or operates.

working or operating.

(कार्यात्मक)

Practical, Useful, Utilitarian, Occupational, Operative

Impractical, Useless, Worthless, Broken, Idle

The new highway will be functional by 2024.

Contamination

Noun

The action or state of making or being made impure by polluting or poisoning.

(दूषण)

Contagion, Corruption, Disease, Epidemic, Infection, Pollution

Cleanliness, Purification, Sterility

The area was sealed to prevent any contamination.

Disrupt

Verb

Interrupt (an event, activity, or process) by causing a disturbance or problem.

(अस्त-व्यस्त)

Disturb, Rattle, Disorder, Obstruct, Intrude

Organize, Soothe, Calm, Appease

The landslide has disrupted the infrastructure in the region.

Liaise

Verb

Establish a working relationship, typically in order to cooperate on a matter of mutual concern.

(संबंध स्थापित करना)

Communicate, Connect, Contact, Network, Collaborate

-

The Minister was sent to South Africa to liaise with the new government.

 

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Which of the following is not among the Padma Vibhushan Awardee 2023?