The Hindu Vocabulary 7 October 2022

2022-10-07

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 6 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Neutrality and abstention: On India’s stand in the Russia-Ukraine conflict.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Neutrality

Noun

The state of not supporting or helping either side in a conflict, disagreement, etc.; impartiality.

(तटस्थता)

Disinterest, Non-interference, Non-partisanship

-

It is not easy to maintain neutrality at all times.

Abstention

Noun

Withholding of a vote.

The act of choosing not to do something.

A formal refusal to vote on something.

(बचाव/ मतदान न करना/ भाग न लेना)

Abstinence, Avoidance, Self-restraint, Self-control

Self-indulgence

The Speaker of the House urged the members to avoid abstention.

Conflict

Verb

To come into the disagreement.

(टकराव)

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb

Agree, Consent, Accord, Conform

The conflicted land is of no use to any party.

Noun

A fight or battle

(झगड़ा)

Disaccord, Discordance, Dissension, Division, War

Accord, Agreement, Harmony, Peace

The conflict between the two brothers was enjoyed by others.

Annexation

Noun

The act of seizing, especially territory.

(राज्य-हरण)

Incorporation, Takeover, Addition, Appropriation, Merger

Decrease, Loss, Subtraction

All countries opposed the annexation of Crimea.

Evacuation

Noun

The act of evacuating.

Something evacuated or discharged.

(निकास/ निष्क्रमण)

Expulsion, Clearing

Arrival, Coming

The evacuation of troops is not going to happen soon.

Abstain

Verb

To hold oneself back voluntarily.

To choose not to vote.

(बचना/ परहेज रखना)

Cease, Quit, Refrain, Shun

Continue, Accept, Face, Allow

India decided to abstain from the meeting on the expulsion of Russia.

Referendum

Noun

A direct and universal vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal and can have nationwide or local forms.

(जनमत संग्रह)

Election, Vote, Mandate, Poll

-

The opposition demanded a referendum on the bill.

Critical

Adjective

Inclined to criticize severely.

Exercising judicious evaluation.

Of the nature of a crisis.

Some important juncture.

(गंभीर/ आलोचनात्मक/ नाजुक/ फुलाना/ आलोचनावादी)

Demanding, Analytical, Belittling, Biting, Crucial, Dangerous, Decisive, Dire, Carping, Rejective

Complimentary, Praising, Trivial, Laudatory, Certain, Inessential, Minor, Safe, Uncritical

The next hearing is going to be a critical one for the entire case.

Endangerment

Noun

The action of putting someone or something at risk or danger.

(खतरे में)

Hazard, Jeopardy, Peril, Pitfall

Certainty, Protection, Safety, Surety

The prosecution has charged the driver with the endangerment of passengers on the bus.

Catastrophic

Adjective

Of the nature of a catastrophe.

Something that involves a sudden disaster.

(आपत्तिजनक/ प्रलयंकर/ विपत्तिपूर्ण/ आफ़त भरा)

Calamitous, Cataclysmic

Godsend, Manna

The organizational structure of the Congress Party has seen catastrophic failure in recent years.

Peril

Noun

Something that may be harmful or cause injury or damage.

(जोखिम)

Hazard, Menace, Pitfall, Threat

Certainty, Protection, Security

While skydiving, we faced perils of any malfunction in the parachute or our technique while landing.

Spur

Noun

Anything that urges action.

(प्रेरणा/ महमेज़)

Activation, Actuation, Catalyst, Excitant

Block, Deterrent, Discouragement, Hindrance

The threat of losing the case was the spur the lawyer needed to work hard to collect evidence.

Verb

To proceed hurriedly.

To incite to action.

(प्रोत्साहित करना/ उभाड़ना)

Arouse, Drive, Propel, Push

Calm, Check, Discourage, Dissuade

Lower taxes should spur economic growth.

Sanction

Noun

Official permission or approval for an action.

(प्रतिबंध)

Authorization, Consent, Leave, Permission, Authority

Prohibition, Ban, Prohibit, Obstruct, Hinder

Russia is facing sanctions for a long time.  

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

Your funds are being sanctioned by the manager.

Correlate

Verb

To place in mutual relationship.

To have a mutual relationship.

(सहसंबंधी बनाना/ संबंध जोड़ना)

Correspond, Interact

Disconnect, Separate, Differ, Disassociate

They are trying to correlate expenses and income.

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