The Hindu Vocabulary 8 October 2022

2022-10-08

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 8 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘No longer bizarre: On 2022 Physics Nobel.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Bizarre

Adjective

Marked by unusual appearance or style.

(विचित्र/ अजीब)

Comical, Curious, Ludicrous, Odd

Common, Customary, Normal, Ordinary

Everybody found y brother’s dress bizarre.

Metaphysical

Adjective

Relating to metaphysics.

Relating to the concepts and reality beyond what is perceptible to the senses.

(आध्यात्मिक)

Abstract, Abstruse, Conceptual, Ideal

Concrete, Factual, Earthly, Mundane

The concept was considered metaphysical and difficult to understand.

Quantum

Noun

Quantity or amount.

A share or portion.

(मात्रा/ परिमाण/ हिस्सा/ भाग)

Amount, Portion, Sum, Measure

Part, Whole

His work is to deal with data and present it in tiny quantum.

Adjective

Sudden and significant.

(अचानक और महत्वपूर्ण)

-

-

Quantum computing is a futuristic technology.

Usher

Noun

A person who walks before a person of higher rank.

A person who escorts other persons to seats.

(प्रवेशक)

Attendant, Conductor, Doorkeeper, Escort

-

President presented a gift to his former usher on his birthday.

Milestone

Noun

A significant point in development.

A stone acting as a milepost.

(मील का पत्थर)

Climacteric, Climax, Anniversary, Breakthrough, Discovery

-

Indian cricket team has achieved a milestone by beating Australia in their home.

Cornerstone

Noun

An important quality or feature on which a particular thing depends or is based.

(आधारशिला)

Essential, Foundation, Keystone, Mainstay, Pillar

-

India’s energy needs have been a cornerstone of India’s recent foreign policy.

Entangle

Verb

To perplex.

To wrap or twist together.

(उलझाना/ जाल में फंसना)

Interlace, Intertwine, Intertwist, Interweave

Clarify, Disentangle

My Uncle became entangled in the lawsuit.

Pioneer

Verb

To be the first to prepare or open a way.

To act as a pioneer.

(मार्ग दिखलाना/ मार्ग बतलाना)

Begin, Colonize, Create, Develop

Cease, Complete, Conclude, Destroy

His research pioneered the development of Solar roofs.

Quirk

Noun

An abrupt twist or curve.

A peculiarity of action.

A sudden twist.

A groove that separates a bead from the adjoining members.

(मोड़/ धुन/ मन की मौज/ व्यवहार में छल)

Aberration, Characteristic, Eccentricity, Foible

Normality, Usualness, Inability

He is full of strange quirks.

Improvisations

Noun

The act of improvising.

Something that has been improvised.

(आशुरचना/ आशु व्यवस्था/ उपज/ अचिंतित रचना)

Spontaneity, Extemporization, Impromptu, Improv

Bit, Routine

The Judges were very impressed by the improvisations in the dance performance.

Dictate

Verb

To give orders.

To say or read for another person to transcribe.

(हुक्म चलाना/ दबाव डालना)

Govern, Guide, Impose, Prescribe

Disallow, Mismanage, Ask, Implore

He dictated a letter to his secretary.

Intrinsic

Adjective

Belonging naturally.

(आंतरिक)

Inherent, Innate, Inborn, Congenital, Native, Peculiar

Acquired, Learned, Extrinsic, Incidental

The painting has no intrinsic value.

Exotic

Adjective

Introduced from another country.

Strikingly unusual.

 

(विदेशी/ अजीब)

Bizarro, Fantastic, Outlandish, Strange

Familiar, Nonexotic, Nonglamorous, Unromantic

The restaurant is known for its exotic foods.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat