The Hindu Vocabulary 9 October 2022

2022-10-09

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 9 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Slow lane driving: On the World Bank’s dire growth forecast for India.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Dire

Adjective

Causing great fear or suffering.

(भयानक)

Baleful, Doomy, Foreboding, Menacing, Drastic, Acute, Critical, Desperate, Alarming, Awful, Calamitous, Depressing, Disastrous

Beautiful, Blessed, Bright, Cheerful, Calm, Mild, Good, Unimportant

He is in dire pain after being bit by a dog.

Falter

Verb

To hesitate in speech, action, or intent.

To walk unsteadily.

(लड़खड़ाना)

Balance, Dither, Scruple, Teeter, Anile, Senile

Certain, Clear, Decisive, Definite

The economy faltered due to bad policies.

Onset

Noun

The beginning of something, especially something unpleasant.

(शुरुआत/ आक्रमण)

Commencement, Inception

End, Conclusion

My aunt faces problems of pain in her joints at the onset of winter.

Forecast

Noun

An estimate of a future happening in advance.

(पूर्वानुमान)

Cast, Prediction, Soothsaying, Vaticination, Calculation, Estimate, Outlook, Prognosis

Hindsight, Ignorance, Thoughtfulness

We are not looking at this weak forecast for our growth.

Verb

To estimate a future happening in advance.

To predict.

(पूर्वानुमान करना)

Anticipate, Augur, Calculate, Conclude

Begin, Start, Doubt, Misunderstand

The Meteorological department has forecasted rain for the next two days.

Peg

Verb

To fix at a predetermined level.

(तरक़्की देना/ सहारा)

Fix, Clinch, Fasten, Join

Detach, Loose, Loosen, Release

Our company’s exit poll was pegging in between the two extreme polls.

Trigger

Verb

Cause to happen

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bring about, Generate, Cause, Provoke

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

The actions of the police department triggered outrage among the villagers.

Nadir

Noun

The lowest point.

(पतन/ अधोगति/ घटती/ अवनति)

Base, Bottom, Floor, Low point

Top, Acme, Apex, Peak

The pandemic has become the nadir for many governments.

Ripple

Noun

Wave

(लहर)

Billow, Crest, Fold, Furrow, Line

-

A ripple of laughter spread all across the room.

Verb

To flow with a light rise and fall.

(लहराना)

Coil, Curl, Flow, Fluctuate, Flutter, Motion

Be still, Remain, Stay, Leave alone

He captured a slow-motion video of a scarf rippling to the floor.

Inflation

Noun

A continuous rise in the price level related attributed to an increase in the volume of money.

(मुद्रास्फीति)

Boom, Expansion, Hike, Rise, Affectation

Abridgment, Compression, Reduction, Deflation

Inflation is becoming an issue for developed countries as well.

Persist

Verb

To continue firmly in some course of action in spite of opposition.

To last tenaciously.

(दृढ़ रहना)

Continue, Endure, Linger, Persevere

Cease, Discontinue, Halt, Leave

If you are building something good, you need to persist for a long time.

Retain

Verb

To keep intact.

(बनाए रखा)

Maintain, Save, Hold, Keep

Release, Relinquish, Surrender, Yield

We were able to retain our customers.

Derail

Verb

To run off the rails.

To obstruct the progress.

(प्रगति में बाधा डालना/ पटरी से उतरना)

Crash, Hinder, Thwart, Wreck

Aid, Assist, Encourage, Forward

The whole tragedy has derailed our lives.

Outlook

Verb

View

Mental attitude.

Prospect of the future.

The place from where an observer looks.

(देखना)

Prospect, Aspect, Scene, Exposure

Neglect, Avoid, Ignore, Expel, Dismiss, Disregard

Many agencies are suggesting that the Indian Economic outlook is not good for the coming year.

Benign

Adjective

Showing or expressing a kind and gracious disposition. 

(सौम्य/ अच्छा)

Benevolent, Friendly

Harsh, Rough

The benign climate of Utah is very much appealing.

Gloomy

Adjective

Dark or Dim.

Causing gloom.

(उदास/ विषादपूर्ण)

Bleak, Cloudy, Dim, Dismal

Bright, Cheerful, Clear, Happy

He cannot spend even a minute in a gloomy place.

Uptick

Noun

An increase in business activity.

A selling price that is higher than the previous price.

(इजाफा)

Accretion, Accrual, Addendum, Addition, Boost, Expansion, Increase, More, Plus, Proliferation

Abatement, Decline, Decrease, Decrement, Fall, Loss, Reduction, Shrinkage

The uptick in sales is because of high demand and lesser supplies.

Stumble

Noun

The act of stumbling.

(ठोकर)

Blunder, Bobble, Mistake, Oversight

-

The politician’s remarks were regrettable stumble.

Verb

To cause to trip.

To strike the foot against something as in walking.

To walk unsteadily.

To make an error.

(ठमकना/ गिर पड़ना)

Bumble, Careen, Fall, Falter

Continue, Correct, Fix, Straighten

Radhika stumbled while walking on the grass.

Liquidity

Noun

The amount of cash that is available easily for an asset.

(नकदी)

-

-

The company has decided to maintain a high degree of liquidity.

Reckon

Verb

Consider or regard in a specified way.

To count.

(अनुमान करना)

Consider, Judge, View, Deem, Rate, Gauge, Estimate, Repute

Ignore, Disregard, Avoid, Avoidance, Evade, Shun

My wife is reckoning days till our Maldives trip.

Robust

Adjective

Strong and healthy; vigorous.

(मजबूत)

Strong, Sturdy, Vigorous, Powerful, tough, Stern

Weak, Debilitate, Frail, Fragile, Sensitive

We are making our electric bike robust and aesthetically appealing at the same time.

Realism

Noun

Interest in reality and rejection of impractical and visionary.

(यथार्थवाद/ यथार्थ)

Reality, Truth

Impractical, Visionary

The realism of her dream frightened her.

Temper

Noun

a person's state of mind seen in terms of their being angry or calm.

(गुस्सा)


the degree of hardness and elasticity in steel or other metal.

Attitude, Climate, Humor, Mood, Personality, Temperament, Drift, Anger, Fury, Ire, Impatience, Rage

Calmness, Contentment, Happiness, Peace

She got fired because of losing her temper in front of the client.

Verb

Improve the hardness and elasticity of (steel or other metal) by reheating and then cooling it.

(स्टील या अन्य धातु को गरमा करके और फिर ठंडा करके उनकी कठोरता और लोच में सुधार करना)

Act as a neutralizing or counterbalancing force to (something)

(किसी के लिए एक तटस्थ या प्रतिसंतुलन बल के रूप में कार्य करना)

Braze, Cement, Chill, Dry, Mold, Petrify, Set, Abate, Alleviate, Cool

Liquefy, Melt, Separate, Soften, Weaken, Discourage, Dissuade

King asked his army to temper their swords and other weapons.

Optimism

Noun

An attitude reflecting a belief or hope that the outcome of some specific endeavour.

(आशावाद)

Certainty, Anticipation, Trust, Cheerfulness, Easiness

Depression, Distrust, Fear, Uncertainty, Gloom

Our country is filled with optimism and that is the reason why we can fight any situation.

Caution

Noun

Alertness and prudence in a hazardous situation to minimize risk.

A person or thing that astonishes apprehension.

Care taken to avoid danger.

A warning against danger.

(चेतावनी/ सावधानी/सतर्कता/ एहतियात)

Attention, Care, Discretion, Foresight, Advice, Caveat, Counsel, Gingerliness

Carelessness, Indiscretion, Neglect, Disregard, Ignorance, Heedlessness, Imprudence

He lost lacs of rupees in the stock market as he did not trade with caution.

Verb

To give a warning to someone to be careful.

(चेतावनी देना/ सजग करना/ सचेत करना/ आगाह करना)

Admonish, Alert, Exhort, Forewarn

Imperil, Risk

Despite cautioning her, she went to the Northern regions during winter.

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Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

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