The Hindu Vocabulary 10 October 2022

2022-10-10

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 10 October 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Peace, Prize, politics: On 2022 Peace Nobel.’ This article was based on Nobel Peace Prize 2022.

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Strengthen

Verb

Make or become stronger.

(मजबूत बनाना)

Enhance, Encourage, Restore, Toughen, Uphold

Discourage, Dishearten, Dissuade, Fail

Support from regional parties has strengthened our campaign.

Liberty

Noun

Freedom from arbitrary control.

Freedom from foreign rule.

Freedom from control or restrictions.

Freedom from captivity.

(स्वतंत्रता/ स्वाधीनता/ बेतकल्लुफ़ी)

Autarchy, Authorization, Autonomy, Birthright, Franchise, Immunity, Independence, Decision, Leave, Liberation

Denial, Dependence, Hold, Prohibition, Refusal, Responsibility, Veto, Arrest, Imprisonment, Work

Some people choose money over liberty and regret it later on.

Redoubtable

Noun

Worthy of respect as well as feared.

(बढाया हुआ/ बढाने योग्य)

Awesome, Brave, Alarming, Dire

Calming, Comforting, Reassuring, Relaxing

Winston Churchill had a redoubtable personality.

Accountability

Noun

The fact or condition of being accountable; responsibility.

(जवाबदेही)

Responsibility, Liability, Answerability, Reporting, Obedience

-

The accountability for this incident will be decided by the Court.

Authoritarianism

Verb

The idea of believing that the people with power, especially the state have the power to control other people's actions.

(अधिनायकवाद)

Autocracy, Despotism

Democracy

There have been revolts against authoritarianism all across the globe.

Perpetrator

Noun

A person who carries out a harmful, illegal, or immoral act.

(अपराधी)

Offender, Villain, Delinquent, Culprit

Noble, Lofty, Beneficent, Benevolent

The perpetrators will be given suitable punishment by the court.

Allege

Verb

To assert without proof

To assert to be true, especially in a formal manner, as in court

 (महासंघ)

Testify, Affirm, Avouch, Charge, Cite

Deny, Dissent, Protest, Disagree

Raj alleged Suresh of corruption charges.

Wrath

Noun

Extreme anger.

(क्रोध)

Anger, Rage, Annoyance, Fear, Outrage, Pique

Pleasure, Glee, Rapture, Joy, Delight

There is wrath among the public against the country’s monarchy.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

A set of rules about food or exercise that some people follow to stay healthy.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

People are hoping for a change of regime in the next elections.

Disband

Verb

To break up.

To dissolve

(को भंग कर दिया)

Disperse, Demobilize, Destroy, Scatter

Assemble, Unite, Join, Band

After the chairman’s death, the organization disbanded.

Seizure

Noun

The act of seizing.

The process of taking possession of something by legal process.

A sudden attack by some disease.

(जब्ती/ अभिग्रहण/ आक्रमण/ संग्रहण)

Breakdown, Convulsion, Illness, Fit, Stroke, Abduction, Arrest, Confiscation

Liberation, Release

He asked for a judicial warrant if the police want a search and seizure of his property.

Prominence

Noun

The state of being important or famous.

(प्रमुखता)

Eminence, Fame, Greatness, Importance, Reputation

Insignificance, Inferiority, Unimportance, Depression

He came to prominence only after his performance in the World Cup.

Atrocity

Noun

A situation or act of shocking cruelty.

(क्रूरता)

Barbarity, Horror, Dreadfulness, Frightfulness

Kindness, Pleasantness, Agreeableness, Delightfulness

In a warlike situation, the common public faces many atrocities.

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Which of the following is not among the Padma Vibhushan Awardee 2023?