The Hindu Vocabulary 14 February 2023

2023-02-14

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 14 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Not a pipe dream: On marquee schemes of the central government.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Marquee

Noun

A tall rooflike projection above a theatre entrance, usually containing the name of a currently featured play or film.

A permanent canopy made of metal and glass projecting over an entrance.

(एक प्रकार का बड़ा खेमा)

Awning, Canopy, Signboard, Tent

-

The guard in the mall was stationed under the marquee.

Rural

Adjective

Relating to the country life, or country people.

Living in the country.

Relating to agriculture.

(ग्रामीण / देहाती)

Bucolic, Rustic, Country, Rustical

Metropolitan, Urban, City, Suburban

The rural areas require improvement in infrastructure and availability of basic facilities.

Apportioned

Verb

To distribute proportionally.

To divide and assign according to some rule of proportional distribution.

(बांटना / भाग करना/ प्रभाजन करना)

Administer, Allocate, Allot, Distribute

Keep, Withhold, Combine, Deny

Funds are apportioned among the departments.

Outlay

Verb

To expend.

(खर्च करना)

Pay, Expend, Give, Lavish

Save, Acquire, Gain, Earn

We had outlaid nearly 2 crores at that point in time.

Noun

Spending of money.

An expenditure.

(परिव्यय)

 

Disbursement, Expenditure, Expense, Investment

Savings, Blessing, Boon, Income

The initial outlay for the scheme is estimated to be 2 billion.

Exclude

Verb

To keep out.

To shut out from consideration.

To expel.

To prevent from entering.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Ban, Bar, Block, Boycott, Eliminate, Ignore

Accept, Add, Allow, Approve

He was excluded from the list of class-A players.

Populous

Adjective

Densely populated.

Full of residents.

(घना बसा हुआ)

Crowded, Numerous, Various, Populated

Deserted

American cities are very less populous as compared to Indian cities.

Revert

Verb

Return to (a previous state, practice, topic, etc.).

To go back.

(उलटना)

Return, Go back, Retrogress, Regress

Continue, Proceed, Improve, Grow, Keep

If you shut down without saving the changes, the system will revert any changes.

Inadequate

Adjective

Not adequate or sufficient.

(अपर्याप्त/ न्यून/ अल्प/ अनुवित)

Deficient, Faulty, Incompetent, Incomplete

Able, Abundant, Adequate, Capable

The types of equipment in the lab are inadequate as per my requirement.

Despite

 

Preposition

In spite of

(इसके बावजूद)

Regardless of, Although, Even though, Notwithstanding

-

He took the class despite not feeling well.

Noun

The feeling of despising someone or insulting.

(विरोध)

Contempt, Contemptuousness, Disdain, Misprision

Respect, Regard, Favour, Estimation

The despite felt by him at our house made me feel very bad.

Assessment

Noun

The act of evaluation.

The act or instance of making a judgment about something after evaluating it.

(मूल्यांकन/ लगान)

Appraisal, Estimate, Judgment, Computation

-

The investors have decided to do a third-party assessment of our operations.

Contamination

Noun

The action or state of making or being made impure by polluting or poisoning.

(दूषण)

Contagion, Corruption, Disease, Epidemic, Infection, Pollution

Cleanliness, Purification, Sterility

It is not easy to avoid contamination in the surroundings if we cannot locate the source.

Adoption

Noun

The process of establishing a legal relationship between a child and a parent other than the child's biological parent.

The act of adopting.

(दत्तक ग्रहण/ गोद लेना)

Acceptance, Approval, Enactment, Endorsement

Disapproval, Opposition, Refusal, Rejection

My friend and his wife have decided to opt for the adoption of a baby girl.

Ensure

Verb

To secure or make certain.

To guarantee.

(सुनिश्चित करना)

Assure, Guarantee, Secure, Protect

Endanger, Harm, Ignore, Injure

He ensured us after the service that there would not be any issues.

Facilitate

Verb

Make an action or process easy or easier

(सुगम बनाना)

Aid, Ease, Expedite, Further, Promote, Speed, Simplify

Block, Cease, Check, Delay, Halt, Hinder

We are planning to facilitate small companies with digital marketing support.

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How many Lok Sabha constituencies are there in India? / भारत में कितने लोक सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र हैं?


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