The Hindu Vocabulary 13 February 2023

2023-02-13

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 13 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘Not losing steam: On latest industrial output estimates.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Uncertainty

Noun

The state of being uncertain.

(अनिश्चितता)

Ambiguity, Ambivalence, Anxiety, Concern

Assurance, Belief, Calmness, Certainty

There are many uncertainties associated with the future.

Momentum

Noun

Force or speed of movement.

Strength or force gained by motion or by a series of events.

If a process gains momentum, it means it is developing or growing.

In physics, momentum is the mass of a body multiplied by its velocity.

(गति/ वेग/ चाल/ गति-मात्रा)

Energy, Power, Strength, Drive

Lethargy, Weakness

Our project has gained momentum after all these efforts.

Moderate

Verb

To become less violent.

To act as a moderator.

To lessen the intensity of something.

To act as a chairman of some meetings.

(घटाना/ संयमित करना/ शांत करना/ मंद होना)

Abate, Alleviate, Constrain, Cool, Chair, Judge, Negotiate, Preside

Aggravate, Develop, Enlarge, Expand, Free, Incite, Liberate, Unleash

We need a person who can moderate the debate.

Drag

Verb

Pull (someone or something) along forcefully, roughly, or with difficulty.

(घसीटना)

Draw, Move, Pull, Tow, Transport, Hale

Push, Remain

The gangster was dragged out of his house by the police.

Noun

The action of pulling something forcefully or with difficulty.

(घसीटना)

Something tedious or boring

(कुछ थकाऊ या उबाऊ)

Annoyance, Bore, Bother, Nuisance, Burden, Hang-up

Delight, Joy, Happiness, Pleasure

The drag of the members outside of the Parliament was challenged in the Supreme Court.

Pandemic

Noun

A Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

(वैश्विक महामारी)

Broad, Common, Comprehensive, Empyrean

Exclusive, Incomplete, Individual, Infrequent, Particular

Nobody wants to witness another pandemic in their lifetime.

Surge

Noun

A wavelike movement.

(तरंग)

Deluge, Flood, Flow, Growth

Decline, Constant

There has been a surge in the number of Share Market investors.

Verb

To rise and fall immediately.

To rise suddenly.

(हिलोरे मारना)

Climb, Flow, Grow, Rise

Fall, Stagnant

Our sales surged to a record high.

Rebound

Verb

To cause to bound back.

(प्रतिक्षिप्त होना)

Overcome, Bounce, Rally, Recover, Revive

Destroy, Deteriorate, Hurt, Ruin

He rebounded from his financial crisis and achieved financial stability.

Noun

A reaction to a setback or crisis.

An act of rebounding.

(प्रतिक्षेप)

-

-

He led the team in rebounds last year.

Sequential

Adjective

Forming or following in a logical order or sequence.

(क्रमबद्ध)

Subsequent, Consecutive, Constant, Continuous, Following

Nonsequential

The company took a series of sequential steps to launch the product.

Venture

Noun

An undertaking involving uncertainty as to the outcome, especially a risky one.

Something such as money or another valuable item as a stake in a speculative outcome.

(उद्यम/ व्यापार/ कार्य/ जोखिम का काम)

Deal, Endeavour, Enterprise, Experiment, Investment, Project

Idleness, Assurance, Certainty, Fact

I hope our venture become successful.

Verb

To expose to hazard or risk.

To take the risk.

(जोखिम उठाना/ जोखिम सहना/ जोखिम में पड़ना/ ख़तरे में पड़ना)

Dare, Operate, Advance, Assay

Abstain, Design, Disbelieve, Guard

He decided to venture all his fortune and luckily it turned out to be good.

Infrastructure

Noun

The fundamental facilities serving an area as transportation, schools, power plants, residences, etc.

The basic framework of a system.

The permanent installations required for a military operation.

(आधारभूत संरचना/ पूर्वावश्यकता/ भूमिकारूप व्यवस्था)

Architecture, Armature, Cadre, Configuration, Edifice, Fabric, Frame, Skeleton, Base, Groundwork, Framework

-

Adani is having many businesses that are linked to infrastructure development.

Fillip

Noun

Something which acts as a stimulus or boost to an activity.

(प्रोत्साहन)

Boost, Flip, Charge, Incentive

-

Pm Modi’s involvement has acted as a fillip to motivate the players.

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‘Nupa’ dance is associated with which Indian state? / 'नुपा' नृत्य किस भारतीय राज्य से संबंधित है?


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