The Hindu Vocabulary 11 February 2023

2023-02-11

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 11 February 2023 is from the Editorial titled ‘The pension conundrum: On the EPFO resource base.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Conundrum

Noun

A riddle or puzzle.

An intricate and difficult problem

(पहेली)

Enigma, Mystery, Puzzle, Riddle, Secret

-

Parenting involves a conundrum of whether the decisions for your kids are going to be good or bad.

Deplete

Noun

To decrease the stock or supply of something.

(व्यय करना/ खलाना/ चूस लेना/ खाली करना)

Bankrupt, Decrease, Diminish, Drain, Empty, Expend, Sap, Squander, Absorb

Develop, Enlarge, Expand, Increase

The ozone layer has depleted over the years.

Lapse

Noun

A slight error is typically due to a lack of attention.

(भूल)

Knock, Reversal, Setback, Blunder, Crime

Accuracy, Behaviour, Care

He blamed the factual errors on a small typing lapse.

Verb

To go out of existence.

(समाप्त होना)

Finish, Cease, Quit, Stop

Continue, Alive, Persist

After the second meeting, the conversation and hence the deal lapsed between them.

Actuarial

Adjective

Relating to the calculation of life expectancy based on some statistical data and calculation of premium rates, risks, and probabilities based on statistics.

(बीमांकिक)

-

-

The actuarial assumed returns of my fund are 22%.

Implication

Noun

The conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated.

(निहितार्थ/उलझाव/ फंसाव/ मंशा)

Conclusion, Connotation, Indication, Meaning, Overtone, Ramification, Connection

Measurement, Proof, Reality, Truth

Your decision is going to have bad implications for your daughter’s life.

Reassure

Verb

To restore to confidence.

(आश्वस्त/ यक़ीन दिलाना)

Assure, Bolster, Buoy, Cheer

Distress, Torment, Annoy, Depress

The officer reassured the victim that justice will be delivered by the honourable court.

Statutory

Adjective

Required, permitted, or enacted by statute.

(वैधानिक)

Lawful, Legal, Judicial, Rightful

Illegal, Illicit, Unlawful, Illegitimate

Both of them are not linked by any statutory requirement.

Deficit

Noun

Shortage of something required

(घाटा)

Loss, Shortfall, Arrears, Default, Deficiency, Dues

Abundance, Adequacy, Advantage, Enough, Plenty

Kamlesh is having a deficit of funds to put into his business.

Longevity

Noun

A long individual life.

The duration of life.

Length of service.

(लंबी उम्र/ दीर्घायु/ आयु/ दीर्घजीवन/ लम्बी उम्र)

Durability, Endurance, Lastingness, Old age

-

The company’s products and services are known for their longevity.

Concern

Noun

Something that relates to one.

Matter for consideration.

A matter that calls for a person’s attention.

(चिंता/ प्रसंग)

Care, Concernment, Consideration, Heed, Burden, Interest, Involvement, Matter

Calmness, Disregard, Neglect, Calm, Entertainment, Fun

The sudden crash of the software caused concern among the developers.

Verb

To relate to something.

To care about some matter of trouble.

(चिंतित होना/ लगाव रखना)

Bother, Disturb, Interest, Involve, Perturb, Regard

Aid, Calm, Reassure, Help, Unconcern

The matter related to the rival company does not concern me at all.

Amend

Verb

Make minor changes in (a text) in order to make it fairer, more accurate, or more up-to-date.

(संशोधन)

Alter, Enhance, Modify, Rectify, Revise

Lower, Worsen, Break, Decrease, Depress, Destroy

The Members suggested that the house should think about amending the law.

Abolished

Verb

To do away with.

To end the effect of something.

(समाप्त करना)

Abrogate, Annul, Cancel, Dissolve, Eradicate, Overthrow, Prohibit, Vacate

Allow, Approve, Create, Establish, Begin, Institute, Construct, Permit, Confirm, Sanction

The old and useless rules and regulations should be abolished.

Ceiling

Noun

The overhead inside lining of a room.

An upper usually prescribed limit.

(छत/ उच्चतम सीमा)

Bound, Boundary, Cap, Confines, End, Extent, Limit, Limitation, Line, Termination

-

My father asked the architect to give ceiling heights in the house an extra two feet.

Bureaucratic

Adjective

Relating to the characteristic of a bureaucrat or bureaucracy.

(नौकरशाही)

Departmental, Governmental, Legislative, Managerial

-

Bureaucratic efficiency is very much required for any country to function well.

Reap

Verb

To cut a crop with a reaping machine.

To enjoy the good things or results of something.

(काटना/ एकत्र करना/ फसल आदि काटना)

Derive, Gain, Garner, Obtain

Forfeit, Lose, Miss, Fail

Ashwin reaped the crops at his farm.

Stakeholder

Noun

A person with an interest or concern in something, especially a business.

(हितधारक)

Collaborator, Colleague, Partner, Shareholder, Associate

-

All stakeholders are optimistic about Mr. Adani’s businesses.

Trigger

Verb

To Cause to happen

(उत्तेजित करना)

Bring about, Generate, Cause, Provoke

Destroy, Prevent, End, Halt

He triggered the rifle at his friend.

Simplistic

Adjective

Oversimplified or simple.

(सरलीकृत)

Childish, Condensed, Overly simplified, Oversimplified

-

He presented the theory in a too simplistic manner.

Anxiety

Noun

Distress, Uneasiness, or Nervousness caused by apprehension of misfortune or danger.

Mentally distressing concern.

(चिंता)

Angst, Apprehension, Concern, Disquiet

Advantage, Belief, Blessing, Calm,

He is feeling anger and anxiety.

Shortsightedness

Noun

The inability to see far.

The act of lacking in foresight.

(अदूरदर्शिता)

Carelessness, Neglect

Farsightedness

Political short-sightedness towards North-East India was quite evident.

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Every year, Earth Day is observed on 22 April. What is the theme of Earth Day 2024?/ हर साल 22 अप्रैल को पृथ्वी दिवस मनाया जाता है। पृथ्वी दिवस 2024 का विषय क्या है?


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