The Hindu Vocabulary 30 November 2022

2022-11-30

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 30 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Oil no bar: On Venezuela political crisis.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Crisis

Noun

A time of extreme difficulty.

A situation that has reached a critical phase.

(संकट)

Catastrophe, Change, Crunch, Emergency

Agreement, Benefit, Blessing, Breakthrough, Calm

The country is facing a political crisis due to the economic downturn.

Mend

Noun

A repair in material

(सुधार)

-

-

Mr. Kim is on the mend after suffering deep cuts in an accident.

Verb

Repair something that is broken or damaged

(मरम्मत करना)

Ameliorate, Cure, Heal, Rebuild, Reconstruct, Rectify, Redress

Break, Damage, Destroy, Hurt, Injure, Ruin, Worsen

The Municipality needs to mend these roads.

Sanction

Noun

Official permission or approval for an action.

(प्रतिबंध)

Authorization, Consent, Leave, Permission, Authority

Prohibition, Ban, Prohibit, Obstruct, Hinder

The government announced a number of sanctions on imported goods.

Verb

To approve.

(आज्ञा देना)

Accredit, Approve, Clear, Warrant

Decline, Deny, Negative, Turn

The department sanctioned the funds for my project.

Oust

Verb

Drive out or expel (someone) from a position or place.

(बाहर निकालना)

Expel, Throw out, Remove, Depose, Topple, Overturn

Admit, Welcome, Accept, Appreciate

Dharmesh was ousted from his post without prior notice.

Regime

Noun

A system of government.

A government in power.

A set of rules about food or exercise that some people follow in order to stay healthy.

(प्रशासन)

Administration, Establishment, Government, Management

-

The current regime is unable to handle the economic crisis.

Invasion

Noun

An instance of the entrance to the possession.

An instance of the entrance to take possession.

(आक्रमण/ हमला/ चढ़ाई/ धावा)

Descent, Foray, Incursion, Irruption

Obedience, Surrender, Retreat, Withdrawal

We should protect the house from insect invasion.

Narrative

Adjective

In the form of a story; chronological

(कथात्मक)

 

Fictional, Narrated, Historical, Reported

Rambling

I like to see narrative paintings.

Noun

Story

(वर्णन)

Account, Anecdote, Fiction, Chronicle

-

I will write a detailed narrative of my life in the mountains.

Reconciliation

Noun

An agreement.

(सुलह)

Agreement, Accord, Consensus, Agree

Quarrel, Fight, Row, Disagreement, Brawl, Tumult, Squabble

His lawyer contacted us for reconciliation.

Catalyst

Noun

A person or thing that precipitates an event.

(उत्प्रेरक)

Spur, Stimulus, Impetus, Prompt, Inducement

Deterrent, Discouragement, Dejection, Depression

Shahid’s support acted as a catalyst is Shreyash’s success.

Revive

Verb

Bring back to life

(पुनर्जीवित)

Arouse, Encourage, Overcome, Energize, Recover

Bore, Break, Damage, Depress, Destroy

She tried to revive their dormant relationship.

Concession

Noun

A thing that is granted, especially in response to demands.

(छूट)

Adjustment, Modification, Allowance, Exception

Raise, Increase, Increment, Denial

I did not expect that he will give this much concession to us.

Prompt

Noun

An act of encouraging a hesitating speaker

(प्रेरित करना)

Efficient, Expeditious, Immediate, Precise, Quick, Rapid

Delayed, Late, Slow, Sluggish, Apathetic, Lethargic, Unwilling

Sahil gave me a prompt to perform better.

Verb

(of an event or fact) cause or bring about (an action or feeling).

(उत्तेजित करना)

Trigger, Elicit, Induce, Evoke, Provoke

Settle, Deter, Restrain, Stop, Hinder

He prompted me to perform tonight at the ceremony.

Ramp up

Noun

Build up, Increase

(बढ़ाना)

-

-

The company was not allowed to ramp up its production till further notice.

Isolate

Verb

To set apart.

To detach.

(अलग रखना/ अलग कर देना/ पृथक करना/ शोधना)

Confine, Detach, Disconnect, Disengage, Divide, Insulate, Remove, Segregate, Separate, Sequester, Abstract, Divorce, Part, Quarantine

Attach, Combine, Connect, Couple, Desegregate

We were isolated and kept in a separate room.

Embrace

Verb

Take into account

Hold (someone) closely in one's arms

(आलिंगन करना)

Accept, Adopt, Deal with, Receive, Admit, Embody, Grasp

Exclude, Free, Reject, Repudiate, Let go

My father embraced my success.

 

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Select the option that is related to the third number in the same way as the second number is related to the first number.

2 : 72 :: 3 : ?