The Hindu Vocabulary 29 November 2022

2022-11-29

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 29 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Same rights: On Government’s response to appeals to allow same-sex marriage.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Response

Noun

An answer or reply in words or action.

(प्रतिक्रिया)

Answer, Reaction, Reply, Return

Question, Failure, Request, Asking

He responded very calmly to the situation.

Constitutional

Adjective

Relating to an established set of principles governing a state.

(संवैधानिक)

Relating to someone's physical or mental condition.

(शरीर रचना संबंधी)

Democratic, Lawful, Legal, Statutory, Representative, Chartered, Essential, Fundamental, Native, Natural, Inherent, Organic

Illegal, Illicit, Unlawful, Illegitimate, Unnatural, Learned

The judiciary safeguards the constitutional rights of the citizens.

Liberty

Noun

Freedom from arbitrary control.

Freedom from foreign rule.

Freedom from control or restrictions.

Freedom from captivity.

(स्वतंत्रता/ स्वाधीनता/ बेतकल्लुफ़ी)

Autarchy, Authorization, Autonomy, Birthright, Franchise, Immunity, Independence, Decision, Leave, Liberation

Denial, Dependence, Hold, Prohibition, Refusal, Responsibility, Veto, Arrest, Imprisonment, Work

He gave me the liberty to choose the course which suits me best.

Discrimination

Noun

Prejudiced treatment.

The ability to make fine and minute distinctions.

(भेदभाव/ विवेक)

Bigotry, Favouritism, Hatred, Inequity

Equity, Fairness

Transgender persons have been facing discrimination for a very long time.

Cite

Verb

To call upon officially or authoritatively to appear (as before a court)

(अदालत में तलब करना)

To quote by way of example, authority or proof

(उदाहरणार्थ प्रस्तुत करना)

Call, Order, Command, Summon, Allege, Allude to, Indicate, Mention, Offer

Ignore, Conceal, Deny, Take, Withhold

The lawyer cited the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals act demanding harsh punishment for the accused.

Legalize

Verb

Make (something that was previously illegal) permissible by law.

(वैध बनाना)

Approve, Codify, Authorize, Decriminalize, Enact, Constitute, Permit, Regulate

Deny, Disallow, Disorganize, Refuse, Reject

Betting has not been legalized in India.

Amidst

Preposition

In the middle

(बीच में)

Betwixt, Amid, Among, Enclosed

Border, Edge

He came to apologize to me amidst ongoing misunderstandings.

Aggressive

Adjective

Using or showing force or pressure in order to succeed.

(आक्रामक)

Destructive, Intrusive, Threatening, Forceful

Apathetic, Lethargic, Calm

Be aggressive in working hard to realize your dream.

Upheld

Verb

To give support or defend.

(बरकरार रखा)

Confirm, Defend, Support, Back, Promote

Attack, Deny, Oppose, Protest

The higher court upheld the verdict of the lower court in right to internet case.

Interference

Noun

The action of interfering or the process of being interfered with.

(दखल अंदाजी)

Intervention, Intrusion, Conflict, Obstruction, Hindrance, Tampering

Encouragement, Aid, Assistance, Help

Many people do not like interference in their everyday tasks.

Havoc

Noun

Widespread destruction/ Chaotic situation

(प्रलय)

Calamity, Catastrophe, Chaos, Confusion, Mayhem, Devastation, Destruction

Blessing, Boon, Calm, Creation, Good fortune, Happiness, Harmony, Miracle, Order

Don’t you think that overstepping in this matter can create havoc?

Conform

Verb

Comply with rules, standards, or laws

(अनुरूप)

Accommodate, Attune, Comply, Coordinate, Harmonize, Fit, Agree

Reject, Refuse, Disagree, Clash, Deny, Oppose, Prevent

He pestered us to conform to old-age customs.

Arduous

Adjective

Difficult

(कठिन)

Backbreaking, Burdensome, Exhausting, Formidable

Easy, Effortless, Pleasant, Weak

It is an arduous task to bring people together for a common cause.

Conservative

Adjective

Tending to maintain existing views.

Marked by moderation.

Cautiously Moderate.

Traditional in style.

(अनुदार/ रूढ़िवादी/ रूढ़ि-प्रिय)

Traditional, Cautious, Constant, Conventional, Firm, Reactionary, Right

Incautious, Changeable, Unfixed, Inconstant, Progressive, Liberal

His grandparents are not at all conservative.

Stigmatize

Verb

Brand, Label


Describe or regard as worthy of disgrace or great disapproval.

(निन्दित करना)

Characterize, Denounce, Class, Classify, Defame, Denounce, Disgrace

Approve, Compliment, Praise, Commend, Exalt

We need to revisit the legal system that stigmatizes small children as criminals.

Ostracise

Verb

Exclude (someone) from a society or group.

(समाज से बाहर निकालना)

Exclude, Shun, Cold-shoulder, Reject, Repudiate, Boycott, Snub, Ignore, Blacklist

Accept, Allow, Admit, Include, Permit, Welcome, Include

The army chief was ostracized at once due to corruption charges.

Seeking

Verb

Attempt to find something

(तलाश करना)

Explore, Follow, Investigate, Pursue, Hunt, Offer, Undertake

Forget, Laze, Ignore, Shun, Answer

I am seeking a helper with 2 years of experience.

 

FEBRUARY OFFER get 25% Off
Use Coupon code FEB23

six months current affairs 2022 july december Rs.199/- Read More
half yearly current affairs july december july december 2022 in detail Rs.219/- Read More
half yearly current affairs in hindi jul dec 2022 in detail Rs.219/- Read More
six months current affairs 2022 book in hindi july december Rs.199/- Read More

Share Blog


Current Affairs

Attempt Daily Current
Affairs Quiz

Attempt Quiz



Question Of The Day

Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat