The Hindu Vocabulary 28 November 2022

2022-11-28

The vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial 28 November 2022 is from the Editorial titled ‘Transfers unexplained: On the transfer of High Court judges.’

Word/Phrase

Part of Speech/Idiom

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Example

Criticism

Noun

The act of criticizing usually favourably.

The act of evaluating some work.

The expression of disapproval of someone or something on perceived mistakes.

The act of passing judgments on the merits of anything.

A critical comment.

A method of studying texts to reconstruct them.

(आलोचना/ समालोचना/ छिद्रान्वेषण/ समीक्षा)

Assessment, Comment, Critique, Judgment, Denunciation, Objection, Animadversion, Aspersion

Heedlessness, Compliment, Neglect, Approval, Estimation, Flattery, Praise, Sanction

I am unable to take any more criticism from my manager.

Collegium

Noun

A group of ruling officials each with equal rank and power

(अधिशासी मंडल)

-

-

The Supreme Court collegium recommended his name for CJI.

Judicial

Adjective

About court proceedings.

Ordered by the court.

Sanctioned by a court.

Giving judgment.

Inclined to make judgments.

By a court or a judge.

(अदालती/ न्यायतंत्र/ न्यायालय-संबंधी)

Juridical, Administrative, Authoritative, Constitutional

Illegal

Shresha finally got the judicial custody of her child.

Opaque

Adjective

Not able to be seen through; not transparent.

Hard to understand

(अपारदर्शक)

Blurred, Cloudy, Dirty, Dull, Gloomy, Arcane, Equivocal, Uncertain, Vague

Certain, Clear, Sure, Definite, Determined, Comprehensible, Understandable

The glass at the front door is opaque.

Arbitrary


Adjective

Existing by chance or unreasonable act of will.

Not restrained in the exercise of power.

Subject to individual judgment without restriction.

Having unlimited power.

(मनमाना/ विवेकाधीन/ एकपक्षीय)

Capricious, Discretionary, Erratic, Frivolous, Inconsistent, Irrational, Irresponsible, Random, Subjective, Autocratic, Absolute, Bossy, Despotic

Consistent, Definite, Regular, Reliable, Sensible, Dependable, Logical, Reasonable, Circumspect, Rational, Democratic

Mannat took an arbitrary decision about her marriage.

Controversial

Adjective

Arousing controversy.

Subject to debatable.

Given to controversy.

(विवादित/ विवादास्पद)

Contentious, Disputed, Dubious, Questionable

Certain, Definite, Sure

The controversial article was removed from the social media platforms.

Materialise

Verb

To come into existence.

To make physically perceptible.

(अमल में लाना)

Appear, Emerge, Happen, Occur

Disappear, Hide, Leave, Lose

A joker suddenly materialized beside our seat.

Impending

Adjective

Likely to occur soon.

(निकट का)

Approaching, Brewing, Coming, Proximate

Gone, Distant, Later, Past

The impending case will be heard soon in the Supreme Court.

Legitimacy

Noun

Conformity to the law or to rules.

(वैधता)

Legal, Legitimate, Lawful, Judicial

Illegal, Criminal, Unlawful, Illicit

It is difficult to check the legitimacy of signature sometimes.

Emergence

Noun

The act of emerging.

An outgrowth on the surface of a plant.

The event of coming into existence.

Penetration of the soil surface by a newly germinated plant.

(उद्भव/ निकलना/ उन्मज्जन/ उदगमन)

Development, Evolution, Appearance, Emanation

Decrease, Stoppage

The emergence of environment issues is a matter of concern.

Clique

Noun

A narrow exclusive circle or group of persons held together by common interests, views, or purposes

(गुट)

Body, Circle, Community, Coven, Gang, Network, Crowd, Pack

Loner, Individualist

We formed a clique to protest against the outdated laws.

Memorandum

Noun

A written message in business or diplomacy.

(ज्ञापन)

Announcement, Letter, Memo, Notice

-

A memorandum of understanding has been signed between India and France.

Consent

Noun

Permission for something to happen or agreement to do something. (सहमति)

Acquiescence, Approval, Assent, Authorization, Compliance, Permit

Denial, Disagreement, Refusal, Disapproval, Dissent, Rejection, Prohibition

The President did not give his consent to the bill.

Verb

Agree to something or give permission for something to happen.

(सहमत होना)

Subscribe, Comply, Acquiesce, Concede, Accept, Allow, Approve

Deny, Disagree, Condemn, Disallow, Dispute, Dissent, Forbid

He consented to donate his eyes to his brother.

Ought

Verb

Used to indicate duty or correctness, typically when criticizing someone's actions.

(अवश्य होना)

Accountability, Agreement, Bond, Burden, Commitment, Constraint

Asset, Disagreement, Disbelief, Irresponsibility, Misunderstanding

You ought to respect the law.

Speculation

Noun

The forming of a theory or conjecture without firm evidence.

(अनुमान)

Belief, Conjecture, Thought, Opinion

Reality, Truth, Disdain, Proof

His speculation about the stock market turned out false.

Allegation

Noun

An assertion made with little or no proof.

(आरोप)

Accusation, Charge, Claim, Plea

Exculpation, Denial

He made allegations of corruption against the company.

Discomfiture

Noun

A feeling of unease or embarrassment; awkwardness.

(पराजय)

Abashment, Agitation, Comedown, Confusion, Defeat, Descent, Disquiet

Ascent, Attainment, Boost, Building, Clam, Creation, Delight

The kind of discomfiture he caused me will not be forgetten by me.

Punitive

Adjective

Concerning punishment

(दंडात्मक)

Disciplinary, Penal, Punishing, Vindictive, Retaliatory

Beneficial, Rewarding

You should call for a less punitive approach to deal with the case.

Seldom

Adverb

Not often

(कभी-कभी)

A few times, Hardly, Occasionally, Rarely, Sometimes, Sporadically

Frequently, Regularly, Often

He seldom visit his uncle in US.

 

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Question Of The Day

Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

At the drop of a hat